Plusiinae

Gold spot Plusia festucae, copyright Ilia Ustyantsev.

Belongs within: Noctuidae.

The Plusiinae are a cosmopolitan group of moths commonly bearing a pale, often metallic, marking at the centre of the fore wings.

Characters (from Nielsen & Common 1991): Dorsal thoracic crest and dorsal abdominal tufts present, eyes lashed, fore wing often with silver markings (‘silver Ys’), metepimeron with distinct external bulge, double tympanal hood; larva without ventral prolegs on segments 3 and 4, crochets in biordinal mesoseries, without secondary setae; pupa in flimsy cocoon.

Plusiinae [Plusidae]NC91
| i. s.: Thysanoplusia orichalceaNC91
| Anadevidia peponisNC91
| ChrysodeixisNC91
| |--C. argentiferaNC91
| `--C. eriosomaG84
| ExyraFL05
|--Argyrogramma Hübner 1823 [Argyrogrammatini]FL05
|--Omorphina Alphéraky 1892 [Omorphinini]FL05
|--Abrostola Ochsenheimer 1816 [Abrostolini]FL05
| |--A. asclepiadisF92
| |--A. tripartitaF92
| |--A. triplasiaF92
| `--A. urentisT69
`--PlusiiniZK11
|--AutoplusiinaFL05
| |--Autoplusiia McDunnough 1944FL05
| `--Diachrysia Hübner 1821FL05
| `--D. chrysitis [=Plusia chrysitis]V09
|--Euchalciina [Euchalciini]FL05
| |--Euchalcia Hübner 1821FL05
| |--Plusidia Butler 1879 [Plusidiina]FL05
| |--Panchrysia Hübner 1821 [Panchrysiina]FL05
| | `--P. deaurata (Esper 1787)B08
| `--Polychrysia Hübner 1821 [Polychrysiina]FL05
| `--P. monetaDS73
`--PlusiinaFL05
|--Caloplusia Smith 1884 [Caloplusiini]FL05
|--Autographa Hübner 1821 [Autographini]FL05
| |--A. brassicaeB37
| |--A. californicaKP99
| |--A. gammaZK11
| |--A. iotaF92
| `--A. precationisT69
`--Plusia Ochsenheimer 1816FL05
|--P. aereoidesT69
|--P. argentiferaC70
|--P. chalcitesC70
|--P. chrysonF92
|--P. deaurataF92
|--P. eriosomaP01
|--P. festucaeJP05
|--P. furciferaWM66
|--P. gammaF92
|--P. guttaP01
|--P. interrogationisF92
|--P. jotaF92
|--P. niL49
|--P. putnamiJP05
| |--P. p. putnamiJP05
| `--P. p. gracilis Lempke 1966JP05
`--P. verticillataWM66

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B37] Balduf, W. V. 1937. Bionomic notes on the common bagworm, Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis Haw., (Lepid., Psychidae) and its insect enemies (Hym., Lepid.). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 39 (7): 169–184.

[B08] Bálint, Z. 2008. Lepidoptera collections of historical importance in the Hungarian Natural History Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 100: 17–35.

[C70] Common, I. F. B. 1970. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 765–866. Melbourne University Press.

[DS73] Dickens, M., & E. Storey. 1973. The World of Moths. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.: New York.

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[FL05] Fibiger, M., & J. D. Lafontaine. 2005. A review of the higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera) with special reference to the Holarctic fauna. Esperiana 11: 7–92.

[G84] Gauld, I. D. 1984. An Introduction to the Ichneumonidae of Australia. British Museum (Natural History).

[JP05] Jungmann, E., & U. Poller. 2005. Neunachweise und Wiederfunde für die Schmetterlingsfauna (Insecta; Lepidoptera) des Altenburger Landes. Mauritiana 19 (2): 317–326.

[KP99] Kuzio, J., M. N. Pearson, S. H. Harwood, C. J. Funk, J. T. Evans, J. M. Slavicek & G. F. Rohrmann. 1999. Sequence and analysis of the genome of a baculovirus pathogenic for Lymantria dispar. Virology 253: 17–34.

[L49] Lucas, H. 1849. Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842 publiée par ordre du gouvernement et avec le concours d’une commission académique. Sciences physiques. Zoologie. II. Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Troisième partie. Insectes (suite). Imprimerie Nationale: Paris.

[NC91] Nielsen, E. S., & I. F. B. Common. 1991. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 817–915. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[P01] Pável, J. 1901. Lepkék [Lepidopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 171–177. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[T69] Treat, A. E. 1969. The genus Dicrocheles: three new species and a reappraisal. Acarologia 11 (4): 630–656.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the wild fauna and flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

[WM66] Wallace, A. R., & F. Moore. 1866. List of lepidopterous insects collected at Takow, Formosa, by Mr. R. Swinhoe. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 355–365.

[ZK11] Zahiri, R., I. J. Kitching, J. D. Lafontaine, M. Mutanen, L. Kaila, J. D. Holloway & N. Wahlberg. 2011. A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family level classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Zoologica Scripta 40 (2): 158–173.

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