Polydesmoidea

Flat-backed millipede Polydesmus angustus, copyright Charles J. Sharp.

Belongs within: Polydesmida.

The Polydesmoidea are a group of polydesmidan millipedes characterised by a moderately sized, transverse-ovoid gonopod aperture and subquadrate, laterally enlarged gonocoxae.

<==Polydesmoidea H90
    |--Prosopodesmus [Haplodesmidae] H90
    |    `--P. jacobsoni H90
    `--Polydesmidae MG00
         |--Serradium semiaquaticum Enghoff et al. 1998 AGM03
         |--Scytonotus H90
         |--Pseudopolydesmus branneri H90
         |--Bidentogon H90
         |--Speodesmus H90
         |--Utadesmus H90
         |--Uniramidesmus Golovatch 1979MG00
         |    `--U. perplexus Mikhaljova 1984 MG00
         |--Schizoturanius Verhoeff 1931MG00
         |    |--S. clavatipes (Stuxberg 1876) [=Polydesmus clavatipes] MG00
         |    |--S. dmitriewi (Timotheew 1897) MG00
         |    |--S. salairicus (Gulička 1963) [=Turanodesmus salairicus] MG00
         |    `--S. tabescens (Stuxberg 1876) [=Polydesmus tabescens] MG00
         |--Polydesmus Latreille 1802 L02
         |    |--*P. complanatus [=Julus complanatus] L02
         |    |--P. angustus Latzel 1884 TKM93
         |    |--P. barberii Latzel 1889 L89
         |    |--P. coriaceus GD00
         |    |--P. denticulatus KAA-W00
         |    `--P. troglobius Latzel 1889 L89
         |--Pandirodesmus Silvestri 1932 [Pandirodesminae] S32
         |    `--*P. disparipes Silvestri 1932 S32
         `--Trachelodesmus [Trachelodesminae] S32

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AGM03] Adis, J., S. I. Golovatch & B. Messner. 2003. Morphological structures in some Neotropical Myrmecodesmus species (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Pyrgodesmidae) reveal the ability for plastron respiration. Arthropoda Selecta 12: 17–21.

[GD00] Giribet, G., D. L. Distel, M. Polz, W. Sterrer & W. C. Wheeler. 2000. Triploblastic relationships with emphasis on the acoelomates and the position of Gnathostomulida, Cycliophora, Plathelminthes, and Chaetognatha: a combined approach of 18S rDNA sequences and morphology. Systematic Biology 49: 539–562.

[H90] Hoffman, R. L. 1990. Diplopoda. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 835–860. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[KAA-W00] Kheirallah, A.-M., A.-N. H. Aly & N. Y. Abdel-Wahed. 2000. Anamorphosis and life-history of the millipede Nopoiulus kochii (Gervais, 1847), new for Egypt. Zoology in the Middle East 21: 159–168.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[L89] Latzel, R. 1889. Sopra alenni miriapodi cavernicoli italiani, raccolti dai Sign. A. Vacca e R. Barberi. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 360–362.

[MG00] Mikhaljova, E. V., & S. I. Golovatch. 2000. A review of the millipede fauna of Siberia (Diplopoda). Arthropoda Selecta 9: 103–118.

[S32] Silvestri, F. 1932. A new and extraordinary genus of the diplopod family, Polydesmidae, from British Guiana. American Museum Novitates 564: 1–12.

[TKM93] Thaler, K., B. Knoflach & E. Meyer. 1993. Fragmenta faunistica Tirolensia—X. Berichte des Naturwissenschaftlich-Medizinischen Vereins in Innsbruck 80: 311–325.

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