Polyzosteriinae

Platyzosteria secunda, copyright CSIRO.

Belongs within: Blattaria.

The Polyzosteriinae are commonly flightless cockroaches, many of which produce foul-smelling defensive chemicals. Diurnal species are often strikingly coloured whereas nocturnal species are more usually black or brownish. Members of the tribe Methanini are fully winged or possess short, quadrate tegmina and vestigial hind wings, whereas Polyzosteriini are completely wingless or possess minute wing buds with no trace of the hind wings (Rentz 1996).

Characters (from Rentz 1996): Tarsi usually short, unspined (hind and sometimes mid metatarsi spined), occasionally second hind tarsal segment spined, third hind tarsal segment bare; pulvilli and arolia large; claws usually asymmetrical; cerci often short with indistinct segmentation; male styles simple, symmetrical; left lateral phallomere with extensible hook, right phallomere heavily sclerotised; smooth, lobiform ventral phallomere present; female subgenital plate bivalvular.

<==PolyzosteriinaeR96
    |--MethaniniR96
    |    |--ScabinaR96
    |    |--Temnelytra truncataR96
    |    |--MethanaR96
    |    |    |--M. curvigeraR96
    |    |    `--M. marginalisR96
    |    `--DrymaplanetaR96
    |         |--D. communisR96
    |         `--D. variegataWPT01
    `--PolyzosteriiniR96
         |--Desmozosteria cinctaR96
         |--PseudolampraR96
         |--EppertiaR96
         |--Zonioploca medilineaR96, M74
         |--MegazosteriaR96
         |--EuzosteriaR96
         |--AnamesiaR96
         |    |--A. polyzonaC91
         |    `--A. uniformisMC13
         |--CosmozosteriaR96
         |    |--C. gloriosaR96
         |    |--C. sloaneiR96
         |    |--C. subzonataR96
         |    `--C. zonataR96
         |--PolyzosteriaR96
         |    |--P. limbataR96
         |    |--P. metallicaR96
         |    |--P. mitchelliR96
         |    |--P. pubescensM74
         |    `--P. viridissimaR96
         `--PlatyzosteriaR96
              |  i. s.: P. melanariaR91
              |         P. sublobata (Princis 1954)T13
              |         P. tibialisMC13
              |         P. tricaudataMC13
              `--P. (Melanozosteria)R96
                   |--P. (M.) castaneaK91
                   |--P. (M.) circumductaR96
                   |--P. (M.) nitidellaR96
                   `--P. (M.) secundaR96

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[C91] CSIRO. 1991. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[K91] Kathirithamby, J. 1991. Strepsiptera. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 684–695. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[M74] Mackerras, M. J. 1974. Blattodea (cockroaches). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers. Supplement 1974 pp. 37.Melbourne University Press.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[R91] Roth, L. M. 1991. Blatttodea. Blattaria (cockroaches). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 320–329. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[T13] Taylor, C. K. 2013. Annotated bibliography for Barrow Island terrestrial invertebrates. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 135–144.

[WPT01] Wharton, D. A., R. Poulin & C. L. Tyrell. 2001. Parasites of anostostomatid insects. In: Field, L. H. (ed.) The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies pp. 259–267. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

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