Poronoticae

Dorsal (left) and ventral views of Unduloribates hebes, from Norton & Behan-Pelletier (2009).

Belongs within: Gustavioidea.
Contains: Oribatellidae, Heterobelbidae, Selenoribatidae, Fortuyniidae, GalumnoideaHalozetes, Ceratozetoidea, Tegoribatidae, Phenopelopidae, Hydrozetoidea, Scapheremaeus, Eremaeozetoidea, Licneremaeoidea, Ameronothroidea, Tectocepheidae, Microtegeidae, OripodoideaAnachipteria, Achipteria, Campachipteria.

The Poronoticae are a group of oribatid mites possessing an octotaxic system, a series of glandular openings (most typically four pairs) on the notogaster in the form of porose areas or saccules. Monophyly of the group is uncertain; a number of taxa lacking the octotaxic system are otherwise similar in morphology to clearly poronotic species and it is probable that the octotaxic system has evolved more than once and/or been lost in some subgroups.

Members of the Poronoticae include the Achipterioidea, known from soil, litter, mosses and liverworts. Members of the Achipteriidae have characteristic spiral internal thickenings in the bothridium and a distinct long, thin, dorsally concave genu in leg IV (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009). The Epactozetidae are a Neotropical family with large, auriculate pteromorphs and foveate patterning on the notogaster (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009).

<==Poronoticae [Achipterioidea, Oribatinae, Pterogasterinae]B65
    |--+--SelenoribatidaePH22
    |  `--FortuyniidaePH22
    `--+--+--GalumnoideaSC19
       |  |--PodacaridaePH22
       |  |    |--Podacarus Grandjean 1955SK10, S04 [Podacaridae]
       |  |    |    `--*P. auberti Grandjean 1955S04
       |  |    |         |--P. a. aubertiS04
       |  |    |         `--P. a. occidentalis Wallwork 1966S04
       |  |    |--HalozetesPH22
       |  |    `--Alaskozetes Hammer 1955PH22, S04
       |  |         |--*A. coriaceus Hammer 1955S04
       |  |         |--A. antarcticus (Michael 1903)S04 [=Notaspis antarcticaS04, Halozetes antarcticaCH98]
       |  |         |    |--A. a. antarcticusS04
       |  |         |    |--A. a. grandjeani (Dalenius 1958)S04 [=Halozetes antarctica grandjeaniCH98]
       |  |         |    `--A. a. intermedius Wallork 1967S04
       |  |         `--A. bouvetoyaensis Pletzen & Kok 1971S04
       |  |--CeratozetoideaSC19
       |  |--TegoribatidaeSC19
       |  `--Phenopelopoidea [Pelopoidea]NB-P09
       |       |  i. s.: Plakoribates Popp 1960NB-P09, S04
       |       |           |--*P. multicuspidatus Popp 1960S04
       |       |           |--P. confluens Balogh 1970S04
       |       |           |--P. neotropicus Balogh & Mahunka 1978S04
       |       |           `--P. scutatus Hammer 1979S04
       |       |--PhenopelopidaeSC19
       |       `--Unduloribatidae [Unduloribatoidea]NB-P09
       |            |--Koreoribates Choi 1994S04
       |            |    `--*K. foliatus Choi 1994S04
       |            `--Unduloribates Balogh 1943S04
       |                 |--*U. undulatus (Berlese 1914) [=Sphaerozetes (Tectoribates) undulatus]S04
       |                 |--U. brevisetosus Nübel-Reidelbach & Woas 1992S04
       |                 |--U. hebes Aoki 1965S04
       |                 |--U. medusa Piffl 1972S04
       |                 `--U. parvusNB-P09
       `--+--HydrozetoideaPH22
          |--+--+--+--+--+--+--ScapheremaeusPH22
          |  |  |  |  |  |  `--Paraquanothrus grahamiPH22
          |  |  |  |  |  `--EremaeozetoideaPH22
          |  |  |  |  `--LicneremaeoideaPH22
          |  |  |  `--AmeronothroideaSK10
          |  |  `--TectocepheidaeSC19
          |  `--+--MicrotegeidaePL17
          |     `--OripodoideaSC19
          `--AchipteriidaeS04
               |  i. s.: Hoffmanacarus Mahunka 1995S04
               |           `--*H. virginianus Mahunka 1995S04
               |         Cubachipteria Balogh & Mahunka 1979S04
               |           |--*C. remota (Balogh & Mahunka 1979) [=Achipteria (*Cubachipteria) remota]S04
               |           `--C. bispina (Calugar 1990) [=Achipteria (Cubachipteria) bispina]S04
               |         Dentachipteria Nevin 1974S04
               |           |--*D. ringwoodensis Newin 1974S04
               |           `--D. highlandensis Nevin 1974S04
               |         Novoribatella Engelbrecht 1986NB-P09, S04
               |           |--*N. transcripta (Mahunka 1985) [=Tectoribates transcriptus]S04
               |           |--N. minutisetarum Engelbrecht 1986S04
               |           `--N. pentasetarum Engelbrecht 1986S04
               |         Tectoribates Berlese 1910NB-P09, S04 [incl. Anoribatella Kunst 1962S04]
               |           |--*T. proximus (Berlese 1910) (see below for synonymy)S04
               |           |--T. africanus Balogh 1959S04
               |           |--T. deserticola (Balogh & Mahunka 1965) [=Anoribatella deserticola]S04
               |           |--‘Anoribatella’ kittenbergeri (Balogh 1959)BM65
               |           |--T. mongolicus Bayartogtokh 1997S04
               |           |--T. ornatus (Schuster 1958)S04 [=Anachipteria ornataS04, *Anoribatella ornataB65]
               |           `--T. parvus Sellnick 1931S93
               |         Cerachipteria Grandjean 1935 [incl. Zygachipteria Mihelčič 1956]S04
               |           |--*C. digita Grandjean 1935S04
               |           |    |--C. d. digitaS04
               |           |    |--C. d. jugata Mihelčič 1956 [=C. (Zygachipteria) jugata]S04
               |           |    `--C. d. pyrenaica Pérez-Íñigo 1991 [incl. C. fusiger Mihelčič 1957 (n. d.)]S04
               |           |--C. franzi Willmann 1953S04
               |           `--C. minuscula (Berlese 1902) [=Oribata minuscula]S04
               |         Parachipteria Hammen 1952 [incl. Pseudachipteria Travé 1960]S04
               |           |--*P. punctata (Nicolet 1855) [=Oribata punctata]S04
               |           |--P. agenjoi (Pérez-Íñigo 1976) [=Pseudachipteria agenjoi]S04
               |           |--P. distincta (Aoki 1959)M83
               |           |--P. floresiana (Pérez-Íñigo 1992) [=Pseudachipteria floresiana]S04
               |           |--P. insularis (Pérez-Íñigo 1992) [=Pseudachipteria insularis]S04
               |           |--P. magna (Sellnick 1928)S04 [=Notaspis magnaS04, *Pseudachipteria magnaBB92]
               |           `--P. ovalis (Koch 1835) (n. d.)S04 [=Oribata ovalisS04, Oribates ovalisM98]
               |--AnachipteriaPL17
               `--+--AchipteriaSC19
                  `--CampachipteriaPL17
Poronoticae incertae sedis:
  OribatellidaeB65
  EpactozetidaeNB-P09
    |--Epactozetes Grandjean 1930S04
    |    |--*E. imitator Grandjean 1930S04
    |    `--E. setosus Balogh & Mahunka 1969S04
    `--Truncozetes Balogh & Mahunka 1969S04
         |--*T. mucronatus Balogh & Mahunka 1969S04
         |--T. rugosus Mahunka 1998S04
         `--T. sturmi Balogh 1984S04
  HeterobelbidaePL17

*Tectoribates proximus (Berlese 1910) [=Sphaerozetes (*Tectoribates) proximus; incl. T. punctatus Sellnick 1943]S04

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B65] Balogh, J. 1965. A synopsis of the world oribatid (Acari) genera. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 11 (1–2): 5–99.

[BB92] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[BM65] Balogh, J., & S. Mahunka. 1965. Ergebnisse der zoologischen Forschungen von Dr. Z. Kaszab in der Mongolei 34. Acarina: Oribatei. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 57: 451–465.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[M83] Mahunka, S. 1983. Neue und interessante Milben aus dem Genfer Museum XLV. Oribatida Americana 6: Mexico II (Acari). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 90 (2): 269–298.

[M98] Michael, A. D. 1898. Oribatidae. In: H. Lohmann (ed.) Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen vol. 3. Acarina pp. 1–93. R. Friedländer und Sohn: Berlin.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[PL17] Pachl, P., A. C. Lindl, A. Krause, S. Scheu, I. Schaefer & M. Maraun. 2017. The tropics as an ancient cradle of oribatid mite diversity. Acarologia 57 (2): 309–322.

[PH22] Pfingstl, T., S. F. Hiruta, I. Bardel-Kahr, Y. Obae & S. Shimano. 2022. Another mite species discovered via social media—Ameronothrus retweet sp. nov. (Acari, Oribatida) from Japanese coasts, exhibiting an interesting sexual dimorphism. International Journal of Acarology 48 (4–5): 348–358.

[SC19] Schaefer, I., & T. Caruso. 2019. Oribatid mites show that soil food web complexity and close aboveground-belowground linkages emerged in the early Paleozoic. Communications Biology 2: 387.

[SK10] Schäffer, S., S. Koblmüller, T. Pfingstl, C. Sturmbauer & G. Krisper. 2010. Ancestral state reconstruction reveals multiple independent evolution of diagnostic morphological characters in the “Higher Oribatida” (Acari), conflicting with current classification. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 246.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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