Porzana

 Spotted crake Porzana porzana, from here.

Belongs within: Gallinula.

Porzana has historically been recognised as one of the primary genera of crakes, short-billed rails without significant aquatic adaptations (Livezey 1998). However, recent phylogenetic analyses indicate that the genus as previously recognised is polyphyletic with only a small number of species directly related to the type species, the spotted crake P. porzana. This species breeds in western Eurasia and migrates to Africa and India; it is brown above with black barring and white spots on the flanks, a yellow bill with a red base, and green legs.

<==Porzana Vieillot 1816CC10
    |--P. carolina (Linnaeus 1758)L98 [=Rallus carolinusG-RGT14, Ortygometra carolinaS05]
    `--+--*P. porzana (Linnaeus 1766)CC10, L98, M02 [=Rallus porzanaM02, Ortygometra porzanaS05]
       `--P. fluminea Gould 1842L98, G-RGT14 [=Ortygometra flumineaCC10]
Porzana incertae sedis:
  P. astrictocarpus Olson 1973L98
  P. estramosi Jánossy 1979 [incl. P. estramosi veterior Jánossy 1979]M02
  P. keplororum Olson & James 1991L98
  P. menehune Olson & James 1991L98
  P. nigraHSS13
  P. ralphorum Olson & James 1991L98
  P. rua Steadman 1986L98
  P. rubiginosaS42
  P. severnsi Olson & James 1991L98
  P. ziegleri Olson & James 1991L98

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[G-RGT14] Garcia-R, J. C., G. C. Gibb & S. A. Trewick. 2014. Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 96–108.

[HSS13] Hirschfeld, E., A. Swash & R. Still. 2013. The World’s Rarest Birds. Princeton University Press: Princeton (New Jersey).

[L98] Livezey, B. C. 1998. A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B—Biological Sciences 353: 2077–2151.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[S05] Schalow, H. 1905. Die Vögel der Arktis. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 79–288. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[S42] Strickland, H. E. 1842. Account of the birds in the Chinese collection exhibited at Hyde Park Corner. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 166–168.

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