Potaliinae

Forest fever tree Anthocleista grandiflora, photographed by Noraaron.

Belongs within: Gentianales.

The Potalioideae are a pantropical assemblage (with one genus each in Africa, Australasia and the Americas) of three genera of the plant family Gentianaceae. Potalioids differ from other members of the family in being woody rather than herbaceous, and possessing fleshy fruits. However, their relationship to other members of Gentianaceae has been demonstrated by chemical and molecular analysis.

<==Potaliinae [Fagraeaceae, Fagraeeae, Fagraeinae, Potalioideae]AS02
    |--+--Potalia Aublet 1775SK02
    |  |    |--P. elegansSK02
    |  |    `--+--*P. amara Aublet 1775SK02
    |  |       |--P. maguireorumSK02
    |  |       `--P. resiniferaSK02
    |  `--Anthocleista Brown 1818SK02
    |       |  i. s.: A. djalonensisJS02
    |       |         A. laxifloraSK02
    |       |         A. liebrechtsianaJS02
    |       |         A. madagascariensisN02
    |       |         A. microphyllaSK02
    |       |         A. nobilisSK02
    |       |         A. obanensisSK02
    |       |         A. parvifloraSK02
    |       |         A. proceraJS02
    |       |         A. vogeliiSK02
    |       |         A. zambesianaJS02
    |       |--A. amplexicaulisSK02
    |       `--+--A. scandensSK02
    |          `--+--A. grandifloraBJ99
    |             `--A. schweinfurthiiSK02
    `--Fagraea Thunberg 1782SK02
         |  i. s.: F. auriculataAS02
         |         F. blumeiJS02
         |         F. crenulataP88
         |         F. dasyantha Gilg & Bened. 1916 (n. d.)C95
         |         F. fastigataA78
         |         F. gardenioidesSK02
         |           |--F. g. ssp. gardenioidesSK02
         |           `--F. g. ssp. borneensisSK02
         |         F. gracilisSK02
         |         F. imperialisSK02
         |         F. involucrataSK02
         |         F. ledermannii Gilg & Bened. 1916 (n. d.)C95
         |         F. longifloraN02
         |         F. melanochlora Gilg & Bened. 1916 (n. d.)C95
         |         F. monticola Gilg & Bened. 1916 (n. d.)C95
         |         F. peregrinaT-W89
         |         F. schlechteriBMM99
         |--F. sect. CyrtophyllumC95 [=Cyrtophyllum Blume 1826SK02; incl. Picrophloeus Blume 1826SK02]
         |    |--F. elliptica Roxburgh 1824 [incl. F. pseudoelliptica Kan. & Hat. 1942]C95
         |    |--F. fragrans Roxburgh 1824SK02, C95
         |    `--F. umbelliflora Gilg & Bened. 1916C95
         `--+--F. sect. FagraeaC95
            |    |  i. s.: F. amabilis Moore 1923 [incl. F. elata Merr. & Perry 1942]C95
            |    |         F. annulata Hiern 1909C95
            |    |         F. bodenii Wernh. 1916 (see below for synonymy)C95
            |    |         F. cambageiC95
            |    |         F. carstensensis Wernh. 1916C95
            |    |         F. dolichopoda Gilg & Bened. 1916C95
            |    |         F. eymae Backer in Leenh. 1962C95
            |    |         F. fagraeacea [incl. F. muelleri Benth. 1869]C95
            |    |         F. gracilipesC95
            |    |         F. obtusifolia Merr. & Perry 1942C95
            |    |         F. woodiana Muell. 1886 [incl. F. anthocleistifolia Gilg & Bened. 1916]C95
            |    |--+--*F. ceilanica Thunberg 1782SK02, C95 (see below for synonymy)
            |    |  `--F. macroscyphaSK02
            |    `--+--F. berteroana Gray ex Benth. 1856SK02, C95 (see below for synonymy)
            |       `--F. salticola Leenh. 1962SK02, C95
            `--F. sect. Racemosa [incl. Utania Don 1837–1838]SK02
                 `--F. racemosa Jack ex Wallich in Roxburgh 1924SK02, C95 (see below for synonymy)

Fagraea berteroana Gray ex Benth. 1856SK02, C95 [incl. F. affinis Moore 1923C95, F. calophylloides Gilg & Bened. 1916C95, F. novae-guineae Cammerl. 1924C95, F. pachypoda Gilg & Bened. 1916C95, F. obovata var. papuana Bailey 1898C95, F. peekelii Gilg & Bened. 1916C95, F. pluvialis Moore 1929C95, F. salomonensis Gilg & Bened. 1921C95]

Fagraea bodenii Wernh. 1916 [incl. F. ampla Moore 1923, F. jasminodora Gilg & Bened. 1916, F. papuana Merr. & Perry 1942 non F. obovata var. papuana Bailey 1898, F. suaveolens Cammerl. 1924]C95

*Fagraea ceilanica Thunberg 1782SK02, C95 [incl. F. angiensis Kan. & Hat. 1942C95, F. archboldiana Merr. & Perry 1942C95, F. gardeniaefloraC95, F. littoralis Bl. 1826C95, F. obovata Wallich 1824C95, F. rostrata Bl. 1838C95, F. ternatana Miq. 1866C95]

Fagraea racemosa Jack ex Wallich in Roxburgh 1924SK02, C95 [incl. F. morindaefoliaSK02, *Kuhlia morindaefoliaSK02, *Utania morindaefoliaSK02, Fagraea rodatzii Sch. & Laut. 1901C95]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AS02] Albert, V. A., & L. Struwe. 2002. Gentianaceae in context. In: Struwe, L., & V. A. Albert (eds) Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History pp. 1–20. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

[A78] Ananthakrishnan, T. N. 1978. Thrips galls and gall thrips. Zoological Survey of India, Technical Monograph 1: 1–69, 26 pls.

[BMM99] Braun, U., J. Mouchacca & E. H. C. McKenzie. 1999. Cercosporoid hyphomycetes from New Caledonia and some other South Pacific islands. New Zealand Journal of Botany 37: 297–327.

[BJ99] Bremer, B., R. K. Jansen, B. Oxelman, M. Backlund, H. Lantz & K.-J. Kim. 1999. More characters or more taxa for a robust phylogeny—case study from the coffee family (Rubiaceae). Systematic Biology 48 (3): 413–435.

[C95] Conn, B. J. 1995. Loganiaceae. In: Conn, B. J. (ed.) Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea vol. 3 pp. 132–188. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Australia).

[JS02] Jensen, S. R., & J. Schripsema. 2002. Chemotaxonomy and pharmacology of Gentianaceae. In: Struwe, L., & V. A. Albert (eds) Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History pp. 573–631. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

[N02] Nilsson, S. 2002. Gentianaceae: a review of palynology. In: Struwe, L., & V. A. Albert (eds) Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History pp. 377–497. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SK02] Struwe, L., J. W. Kadereit, J. Klackenberg, S. Nilsson, M. Thiv, K. B. von Hagen & V. A. Albert. 2002. Systematics, character evolution, and biogeography of Gentianaceae, including a new tribal and subtribal classification. In: Struwe, L., & V. A. Albert (eds) Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History pp. 21–309. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

[T-W89] Tenison-Woods, J. E. 1889. On the vegetation of Malaysia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 4 (1): 9–106, pls 1–9.

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