Primitiopsidae


Reconstruction of Primitiopsis planifrons, from Tanaka et al. (2009).

Belongs within: Ostracoda.

The Primitiopsidae are a group of ostracods known from the Ordovician to the mid-Devonian (Whatley et al. 1993).

Characters (from Benson et al. 1961): Unisulcate (sulcus or sulcal pit corresponding to S2) or nonsulcate; hingement may consist of median groove and corresponding ridge with lateral pits and prominences. Dimorphic, with more or less closed posterior velar chamber in heteromorphs but adventral structures may or may not be developed in tecnomorphs.

<==Primitiopsidae [Primitiopsididae]
    |  i. s.: Coryellina Bradfield 1935 WSB93, ZL87
    |           |–*C. capax Bradfield 1935 BB61
    |           `–C. indicata Sohn 1954 WSB93
    |–Polenovula Martinsson 1960 [Polenovulinae] BB61
    |    `–*P. crassa (Polenova 1955) [=Leperditellina crassa] BB61
    |–Anisocyamus Martinsson 1960 [Anisocyaminae] BB61
    |    |–*A. elegans (Harris 1957) [=Primitiopsis elegans] BB61
    |    `–A. multiperforata (Harris 1957) WSB93
    |–Leiocyaminae BB61
    |    |–Leiocyamus Martinsson 1956 BB61
    |    |    `–*L. apicatus Martinsson 1956 BB61
    |    `–Amygdalella Martinsson 1956 [=Amygalella (l. c.)] BB61
    |         `–*A. subclusa Martinsson 1956 BB61
    `–Primitiopsinae [Primitiopsiinae] BB61
         |–Clavofabella Martinsson 1955 BB61 [=Clavafabella (l. c.) M61]
         |    `–*C. incurvata Martinsson 1955 BB61
         |–Limbinaria Swartz 1956 BB61
         |    `–*L. multipunctata Swartz 1956 BB61
         |–Primitiopsella Polenova 1960 (see below for synonymy) BB61
         |    `–*P. miranda (Polenova 1955) [=*Leperditellina miranda, *Viazoviella miranda] BB61
         |–Sulcicuneus Kesling 1951 [Sulcicuneinae] BB61
         |    `–*S. porrectinatium Kesling 1951 BB61
         `–Primitiopsis Jones 1887 BB61
              |–*P. planifrons Jones 1887 BB61
              `–P. bassleri S61

Primitiopsella Polenova 1960 [=Leperditellina Polenova 1955 non Neckaja 1955, Viazoviella Martinsson 1960] BB61

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB61] Benson, R. H., J. M. Berdan, W. A. van den Bold, T. Hanai, I. Hessland, H. V. Howe, R. V. Kesling, S. A. Levinson, R. A. Reyment, R. C. Moore, H. W. Scott, R. H. Shaver, I. G. Sohn, L. E. Stover, F. M. Swain & P. C. Sylvester-Bradley. 1961. Systematic descriptions. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt Q. Arthropoda 3: Crustacea: Ostracoda pp. Q99–Q421. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.

[M61] Moore, R. C. 1961. Supplement—USSR treatise on Ostracoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt Q. Arthropoda 3: Crustacea: Ostracoda pp. Q422–Q429. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.

[S61] Scott, H. W. 1961. Shell morphology of Ostracoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt Q. Arthropoda 3: Crustacea: Ostracoda pp. Q21–Q37. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.

[WSB93] Whatley, R. C., D. J. Siveter & I. D. Boomer. 1993. Arthropoda (Crustacea: Ostracoda). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 343–356. Chapman & Hall: London.

[ZL87] Zhang X.-J. & Liang X.-Y. 1987. Ostracoda from the Taiyuan Formation of Xingyang and Gong Xian districts, Henan. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica 4 (3): 293–312.

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