Ammonicera minortalis, copyright Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle.

Belongs within: Heterobranchia.
Contains: Orbitestellidae.

The Prionoglossa are a group of minute, low-spired or planispiral marine molluscs. Members of the Prionoglossa are simultaneous hermaphrodites that perform internal fertilisation despite the absence of a true penis. They include the Omalogyridae which have a greatly reduced radula consisting of only a single rachidian tooth per row.

<==Prionoglossa GS75
|–Omalogyroidea S11
|    |–Stuoraxidae BR17
|    |    |–Alexogyra Bandel 1996 B02
|    |    `–Stuoraxis Bandel 1994 BR05
|    |         |–*S. lehmanni Bandel 1996 NPE02
|    |         |–S. panhuazhangi Bandel 2002 B02 (see below for synonymy)
|    |         `–S. parvula Gründel 1998 B02
|    `–Omalogyridae [Homalogyridae] S11
|         |–Omalogyra Jeffreys 1859 [=Homalogyra Jeffreys 1867] BR17
|         |    |–*O. atomus (Philippi 1841) [=Truncatella atomus] BR17
|         |    |–O. fusca Suter 1908 P61
|         |    |–O. fuscopardalis Rolán 1992 BC01
|         |    |–O. nitidissima P61
|         |    |–‘Homalogyra’ rota N79
|         |    `–O. zebrina Rolán 1992 BC01
|         `–Ammonicera S11
|              |–A. albospeciosa Rolán 1992 BC01
|              |–A. burnayi Rolán 1991 BC01
|              |–A. circumcincta Rolán 1992 BC01
|              |–A. familiaris Rolán 1992 BC01
|              |–A. lineofuscata Rolán 1992 BC01
|              |–A. minortalis Rolán 1992 BC01
|              |–A. oteroi Rolán 1991 BC01
|              |–A. plana Simone 1997 S11
|              `–A. sculpturata Rolán 1992 BC01
`–Orbitestelloidea BR17
|–Orbitestellidae S11
`–Xylodiscula Marshall 1988 BR05 [Xylodisculidae BR17]
`–*X. vitrea Marshall 1988 BR17

Stuoraxis panhuazhangi Bandel 2002 B02 [=Straparollus minutus Pan & Erwin 2002 (preoc.) B02, Stu. minutus FB04]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B02] Bandel, K. 2002. About Heterostropha (Gastropoda) from the Carboniferous and Permian. Mitteilungen des Geologisch-Paläontologischen Institutes der Universität Hamburg 86: 45–80.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[FB04] Frýda, J., & R. B. Blodgett. 2004. New Emsian (Late Early Devonian) gastropods from Limestone Mountain, Medfra B-4 quadrangle, west-central Alaska (Farewell Terrane), and their paleobiogeographic affinities and evolutionary significance. Journal of Paleontology 78 (1): 111–132.

[GS75] Golikov, A. N., & Y. I. Starobogatov. 1975. Systematics of prosobranch gastropods. Malacologia 15 (1): 185–232.

[N79] Norman, A. M. 1879. The Mollusca of the fiords near Bergen, Norway. Journal of Conchology 2: 8–77.

[NPE02] Nützel, A., Pan H.-Z. & D. H. Erwin. 2002. New taxa and some taxonomic changes of a latest Permian Gastropod fauna from south China. Documenta Naturae 145: 1–10.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

Last updated: 12 August 2021.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *