Proisotoma

Proisotoma minuta, copyright Philippe Garcelon.

Belongs within: Isotomidae.

Proisotoma is a genus of isotomid springtails bearing a well-developed furcula with all segments distinct and a reduced number (nine or fewer) of ventral manubrial setae. It is primarily defined by the absence of derived features of related genera and may be divided between a number of disparate groups (Christiansen & Bellinger 1980b).

<==Proisotoma Börner 1901CB80b
| i. s.: P. anopolitana Schulz & Lymberakis 2006SL06
| P. multituberculata Martynova 1971SL06
| P. subsegmentata Scott 1959 (n. d.)CB80b
| P. topsentiCB80b
|--P. (Proisotoma) [incl. Cranisotoma Bagnall 1949, Hemisomia Bagnall 1949]CB80b
| |--*P. (P.) minuta (Tullberg 1871)CB80b (see below for synonymy)
| |--P. (P.) bayouensis Mills 1931CB80b
| |--P. (P.) beta Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80b
| |--P. (P.) brisbanensis Womersley 1935W39
| |--P. (P.) bulba Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80b
| |--P. (P.) fitchiW39
| |--P. (P.) frisoni Folsom 1937CB80b
| |--P. (P.) immersa (Folsom 1924) [=Isotoma immersa, *Cranisotoma immersa]CB80b
| |--P. (P.) mackenziana Hammer 1953 [incl. Spinisotoma dispersa Wray 1952, Isotoma dispersa]CB80b
| |--P. (P.) micruraW39
| |--P. (P.) minima (Absolon 1901) (see below for synonymy)CB80b
| |--P. (P.) ripicola Linnaniemi 1912W39
| |--P. (P.) sepulchralis (Folsom 1902) [=Isotoma sepulchralis]CB80b
| |--P. (P.) sexophthalma Womersley 1934W39
| `--P. (P.) tenella (Reuter 1895) [=Isotoma tenella; incl. P. simplex Folsom 1937]CB80b
|--P. (Appendisotoma Stach 1947) [incl. Frisonia Wray 1952, Physurotoma Bagnall 1949, Scutisotomodes Bagnall 1949]CB80b
| |--P. (*A.) vesiculata Folsom 1937CB80b
| |--P. (A.) aera Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80b
| |--P. (A.) bulbosa Folsom 1937 [=*Physurotoma bulbosa]CB80b
| |--P. (A.) dubia Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80b
| |--P. (A.) macgillivrayi (Dalla Torre 1895)CB80b (see below for synonymy)
| |--P. (A.) obsoleta (MacGillivray 1896) (see below for synonymy)CB80b
| |--P. (A.) veca (Wray 1952) [=Spinisotoma (*Frisonia) veca]CB80b
| `--P. (A.) woodi Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80b
|--P. (Ballistura Börner 1906) (see below for synonymy)CB80b
| |--P. (*B.) schoetti (Dalla Torre 1895)CB80b (see below for synonymy)
| |--P. (B.) alpa Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80b
| |--P. (B.) antiqua (Folsom 1937) [=Guthriella antiqua]CB80b
| |--P. (B.) crassicauda (Tullberg 1871) [=*Pachyotoma crassicauda]CB80b
| |--P. (B.) ewingi James 1933CB80b
| |--P. (B.) excavata Folsom 1937CB80b
| |--P. (B.) extra Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80b
| |--P. (B.) laticauda Folsom 1937CB80b
| |--P. (B.) libra Christiansen & Bellinger 1980CB80b
| |--P. (B.) muskegis (Guthrie 1903) [=Isotoma muskegis, *Guthriella muskegis]CB80b
| |--P. (B.) rainieri Folsom 1937 [=*Granisotoma rainieri]CB80b
| |--P. (B.) tuberculata Stach 1947 [=*Clovistoma tuberculata]CB80b
| |--P. (B.) vernoga (Wray 1958) [=*Louisotoma vernoga]CB80b
| |--P. (B.) vetusta (Folsom 1937)CB80b
| `--P. (B.) wrangeliensis (Martynova et al. 1973)CB80b
`--P. (Isotomina)W39
|--P. (I.) hirsutaW39
|--P. (I.) pilosa Womersley 1934W39
|--P. (I.) sexoculata Womersley 1934W39
`--P. (I.) thermophila (Axels 1907)W39

Proisotoma (Appendisotoma) macgillivrayi (Dalla Torre 1895)CB80b [=Achorutes macgillivrayiCB80b, Hypogastrura macgillivrayiCB80a, A. longispinus MacGillivray 1893 non Tullberg 1876CB80b, *Scutisotomodes longispinusCB80b]

Proisotoma (Appendisotoma) obsoleta (MacGillivray 1896) [=Isotoma obsoleta; incl. I. brevipenna MacGillivray 1896, Proisotoma brevipenna]CB80b

Proisotoma (Ballistura Börner 1906) [incl. Clovistoma Ellis 1970, Granisotoma Stach 1947, Guthriella Börner 1906, Louisotoma Wray 1958, Pachyotoma Bagnall 1949]CB80b

Proisotoma (*Ballistura) schoetti (Dalla Torre 1895)CB80b [=Isotoma schoettiCB80b, I. litoralis Schött 1893 non Moniez 1890CB80b; incl. I. lacustris Schött 1896CB80b, Proisotoma schoetti var. lutea Womersley 1934W39]

Proisotoma (Proisotoma) minima (Absolon 1901) [=Isotoma minima; incl. P. americana Mils 1934 non Folsomides americanus Denis 1931]CB80b

*Proisotoma (Proisotoma) minuta (Tullberg 1871)CB80b [=Isotoma minutaCB80b; incl. P. minuta var. clavipila Axelson 1903CB80b, Folsomia guthriei Linnaniemi 1912CB80b, *Hemisomia guthrieiCB80b, Isotoma minima Guthrie 1903 non Absolon 1901CB80b, Folsomia minimaCB80b, Proisotoma minimaCB80b, Isotoma troglodytica Rainbow 1907W39]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CB80a] Christiansen, K., & P. Bellinger. 1980a. The Collembola of North America north of the Rio Grande: A taxonomic analysis vol. 1. Introduction; general; families Poduridae and Hypogastruridae. Grinnell College: Grinnell (Iowa).

[CB80b] Christiansen, K., & P. Bellinger. 1980b. The Collembola of North America north of the Rio Grande: A taxonomic analysis vol. 2. Families Onychiuridae and Isotomidae. Grinnell College: Grinnell (Iowa).

[SL06] Schulz, H.-J., & P. Lymberakis. 2006. First contribution to the knowledge of the Collembola fauna of the White Mountains (Lefká Óri) in west Crete (Insecta, Collembola, Isotomidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 86 (2): 229–234.

[W39] Womersley, H. 1939. Primitive Insects of South Australia: Silverfish, springtails, and their allies. South Australian Branch of the British Science Guild: Adelaide.

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