Pronematinae

Pronematus ubiquitus feeding on chrysalis of Tetranychus urticae, from Van de Velde et al. (2021).

Belongs within: Procurvata.

The Pronematinae are a group of tydeoid mites in which the apotele has been lost on leg I. Genital setae are absent, genital acetabula are reduced to one or absent, and an aedeagus is present in males (André & Fain 2000).

<==Pronematinae
    |  i. s.: ParapronematusAF00
    |           |--P. acaciaeAF00
    |           |--P. citriAF00
    |           `--P. geminusAF00
    |         Metapronematus leucohippeusACW01
    |         Homeopronematus anconaiWL09
    |         Pronematulus pyrrohippeusMC13, WP99
    |--Pronematus Canestrini 1886AF00, S76
    |    |--P. davisi Baker 1967S76
    |    |--P. elongatusG01
    |    |--P. fleschneriG01
    |    |--P. sextoniG01
    |    |--P. staerkiWD91
    |    `--P. ubiquitusWL09
    `--+--Apopronematus bakeriAF00, ACW01
       |--Proctotydaeus [incl. Anolina Price 1972]AF00
       |    |--P. (Proctotydulus) pyrohippeusWL09
       |    `--P. schistocercaeWL09
       `--IolininaeAF00
            |--Iolina nanaWL09
            `--Idiolina augustaeAF00

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[ACW01] Aguilar, H., C. C. Childers & W. C. Welbourn. 2001. Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence of mites in the family Tydeidae on citrus in Florida. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 376–380. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[AF00] André, H. M., & A. Fain. 2000. Phylogeny, ontogeny and adaptive radiation in the superfamily Tydeoidea (Acari: Actinedida), with a reappraisal of morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 130: 405–448.

[G01] Gupta, S. K. 2001. A conspectus of natural enemies of phytophagous mites and mites as potential biocontrol agents of agricultural pests in India. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 484–497. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[S76] Shiba, M. 1976. Taxonomic investigation on free-living Prostigmata from the Malay Peninsula. Nature and Life in Southeast Asia 7: 83–229.

[WD91] Walter, D. E., & H. A. Denmark. 1991. Use of leaf domatia on wild grape (Vitis munsoniana) by arthropods in central Florida. Florida Entomologist 74 (3): 440–446.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

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