Pseudomonas

Culture of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, copyright Scott Chimileski & Roberto Kolter.

Belongs within: Oceanospirillales.

Pseudomonas is a genus of rod-shaped, catalase-positive, aerobic bacteria bearing one or more flagella.

<==Pseudomonas Migula 1894KK03
    |--P. balearicaPR03
    `--+--+--P. stutzeriPR03 [incl. P. perfectomarinaZ92]
       |  `--+--*P. aeruginosaKK03, PR03
       |     `--P. resinovoransKK03
       `--+--+--P. pertucinogenaPR03
          |  `--P. anguillisepticaKK03
          `--+--+--P. luteolaPR03
             |  `--P. oleovoransKK03
             `--+--+--P. alcaligenesKK03
                |  `--+--P. nitroreducensKK03
                |     `--+--P. citrinellolisKK03
                |        `--P. jinjuensis Kwon, Kim et al. 2003KK03
                `--+--+--+--P. flavescensKK03
                   |  |  `--P. stramineaKK03
                   |  `--+--P. alcaliphilaKK03
                   |     |--P. mendocinaKK03
                   |     `--P. pseudoalcaligenesKK03
                   `--+--+--P. cremoricolorata Uchino, Shida et al. 2002VP PR03, JC08
                      |  `--+--P. putidaPR03
                      |     `--+--+--P. fulvaPR03
                      |        |  `--P. parafulva Uchino, Shida et al. 2002VP PR03, JC08
                      |        `--+--P. oryzihabitansPR03
                      |           `--+--P. monteiliiPR03
                      |              `--P. plecoglossicidaPR03
                      `--+--+--P. agariciPR03
                         |  `--+--P. aspleniiPR03
                         |     `--P. fuscovaginaePR03
                         `--+--+--P. umsongensis Kwon, Kim et al. 2003KK03
                            |  `--+--P. graminisPR03
                            |     `--P. rhizosphaerae Peix, Rivas et al. 2003PR03
                            `--+--+--P. jesseniiPR03
                               |  `--+--P. koreensis Kwon, Kim et al. 2003KK03
                               |     `--‘P. pavonaceae’KK03
                               `--+--P. migulaePR03
                                  `--+--+--+--P. constantiniiKK03
                                     |  |  `--P. tolaasiiPR03
                                     |  `--+--+--P. veroniiPR03
                                     |     |  `--+--P. poaeGI03
                                     |     |     `--P. trivialisGI03
                                     |     `--+--+--P. extremorientalisKK03
                                     |        |  `--+--P. marginalisPR03
                                     |        |     `--+--P. grimontiiPR03
                                     |        |        `--P. rhodesiaePR03
                                     |        `--+--P. fluorescensPR03
                                     |           |    |--P. f. var. fluorescensCM92
                                     |           |    `--P. f. var. cellulosaCM92
                                     |           `--+--‘P. fulgida’GI03
                                     |              `--+--P. azotoformansPR03
                                     |                 `--+--P. gessardiiPR03
                                     |                    |--P. libanensisPR03
                                     |                    `--+--P. mucidolensPR03
                                     |                       `--P. synxanthaPR03
                                     `--+--+--P. brassicacearumKK03
                                        |  |--P. corrugataPR03
                                        |  `--+--P. kilonensisPR03
                                        |     `--P. thivervalensisKK03
                                        `--+--+--P. liniPR03
                                           |  `--+--P. frederiksbergensisKK03
                                           |     `--P. mandeliiPR03
                                           `--+--+--+--P. aurantiacaKK03
                                              |  |  `--P. chlororaphisPR03
                                              |  `--+--P. taetrolensPR03
                                              |     `--+--P. lundensisPR03
                                              |        `--P. fragiPR03
                                              `--+--+--P. cichoriiKK03
                                                 |  `--+--P. avellanaeKK03
                                                 |     `--P. viridiflavaKK03
                                                 `--+--+--P. amygdaliKK03
                                                    |  `--P. savastanoiKK03
                                                    `--+--P. caricapapayaeKK03
                                                       `--P. syringaePR03
Pseudomonas incertae sedis:
  P. acidovoransSSS81
  P. alliicolaSSS81
  P. albofloraCM92
  P. andropogonisD92
  P. apisepticaBB99
  P. aureofaciensKH02
  P. avenaeZ92
  P. azotocolligansE92
  P. brenneri Baïda et al. 2002JC08
  P. cannabinaPR03
  P. carboxydovoransSJ92
  P. caryophylliZ92
  P. cedrellaZZ03
  P. chitinolyticaKH02
  P. denitrificansPHK96
  P. diazotrophicaE92
  P. diminutaTS92
  P. elongataGC02
  P. extremaustralis López et al. 2010VP IJSEM10
  P. gladioli [incl. P. marginata]SSS81
  P. glumaeZ92
  P. halophilaGC02
  P. hibiscicolaIT03
  P. hydrogenovora Igarashi et al. 1980AS92
  P. indigoferaZ92
  P. lemoigneiZ92
  P. lemonnieriK-WK92
  P. malleiPHK96
  P. maltophiliaTS92
  P. multivoransSSS81
  P. ovalisCV66
  P. paucimobilisTG88
  P. pickettiiNL03
  P. plantariiZ92
  P. pseudomalleiPHK96
  P. psychrophila Yumoto, Kusano et al. 2002VP JC08
  P. putrefaciensM-GO01
  P. radicicolaMS98
  P. rubeorifaciensCM92
  P. saccharophila Doudoroff 1940AS92
  P. solancearumS00 [=Burkholderia solanacearumPHK96]
  P. tremaePR03
  P. vesicularisSSS81
  P. viscoisissimaCM92
Nomina invalida: Pseudomonas cedrina Dabboussi et al. 2002JC08
                 Pseudomonas orientalis Dabboussi et al. 2002JC08

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AS92] Aragno, M., & H. G. Schlegel. 1992. The mesophilic hydrogen-oxidizing (knallgas) bacteria. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 344–384. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[BB99] Ball, B. V., & W. A. Bruce. 1999. Varroa jacobsoni as a vetor of honey bee pathogens. In: Needham, G. R., R. Mitchell, D. J. Horn & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 2. Symposia pp. 297–301. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[CM92] Coughlan, M. P., & F. Mayer. 1992. The cellulose-decomposing bacteria and their enzyme systems. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 460–516. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[CV66] Curds, C. R., & J. M. Vandyke. 1966. The feeding habits and growth rates of some freshwater ciliates found in activated-sludge plants. Journal of Applied Ecology 3: 127–137.

[D92] Dworkin, M. 1992. Prokaryotic diversity. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 48–74. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[E92] Eady, R. R. 1992. The dinitrogen-fixing bacteria. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 534–553. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[GC02] Golyshin, P. N., T. N. Chernikova, W.-R. Abraham, H. Lünsdorf, K. N. Timmis & M. M. Yakimov. 2002. Oleiphilaceae fam. nov., to include Oleiphilus messinensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel marine bacterium that obligately utilizes hydrocarbons. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52: 901–911.

[GI03] Gorshkova, N. M., E. P. Ivanova, A. F. Sergeev, N. V. Zhukova, Y. Alexeeva, J. P. Wright, D. V. Nicolau, V. V. Mikhailov & R. Christen. 2003. Marinobacter excellens sp. nov., isolated from sediments of the Sea of Japan. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 2073–2078.

[IJSEM10] IJSEM. 2010. Validation list no. 132. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 60: 469–472.

[IT03] Inagaki, F., K. Takai, H. Hirayama, Y. Yamato, K. H. Nealson & K. Horikoshi. 2003. Distribution and phylogenetic diversity of the subsurface microbial community in a Japanese epithermal gold mine. Extremophiles 7: 307–317.

[JC08] Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. 2008. Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 58: 1755–1763.

[KH02] Kerry, B. R., & W. M. Hominick. 2002. Biological control. In: (D. L. Lee, ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 483–509. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[K-WK92] Korn-Wendisch, F., & H. J. Kutzner. 1992. The family Streptomycetaceae. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 921–995. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[KK03] Kwon, S. W., J. S. Kim, I. C. Park, S. H. Yoon, D. H. Park, C. K. Lim & S. J. Go. 2003. Pseudomonas koreensis sp. nov., Pseudomonas umsongensis sp. nov. and Pseudomonas jinjuensis sp. nov., novel species from farm soils in Korea. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 21–27.

[MS98] Margulis, L., & K. V. Schwartz. 1998. Five Kingdoms: An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth 3rd ed. W. H. Freeman and Company: New York.

[M-GO01] Mignucci-Giannoni, A. A., & D. K. Odell. 2001. Tropical and subtropical records of hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) dispel the myth of extant Caribbean monk seals (Monachus tropicalis). Bulletin of Marine Science 68 (1): 47–58.

[NL03] Notomista, E. A. Lahm, A. Di Donato & A. Tramontano. 2003. Evolution of bacterial and archaeal multicomponent monooxygenases. Journal of Molecular Evolution 56: 435–445.

[PR03] Peix, A., R. Rivas, P. F. Mateos, E. Martínez-Molina, C. Rodríguez-Barrueco & E. Velázquez. 2003. Pseudomonas rhizosphaerae sp. nov., a novel species that actively solubilizes phosphate in vitro. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 2067–2072.

[PHK96] Prescott, L. M., J. P. Harley & D. A. Klein. 1996. Microbiology 3rd ed. Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

[SJ92] Schlegel, H. G., & H. W. Jannasch. 1992. Prokaryotes and their habitats. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 75–125. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[S00] Siddiqi, M. R. 2000. Tylenchida: Parasites of plants and insects 2nd ed. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[SSS81] Sneath, P. H. A., M. Stevens & M. J. Sackin. 1981. Numerical taxonomy of Pseudomonas based on published records of substrate utilization. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 47: 423–448.

[TG88] Tepfer, D., A. Goldmann, N. Pamboukdjian, M. Maille, A. Lepingle, D. Chevalier, J. Dénarié & C. Rosenberg. 1988. A plasmid of Rhizobium meliloti 41 encodes catabolism of two compounds from root exudate of Calystegium sepium. Journal of Bacteriology 170 (3): 1153–1161.

[TS92] Trüper, H. G., & K.-H. Schleifer. 1992. Prokaryote characterization and identification. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 126–148. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[ZZ03] Zeng, R., R. Zhang, J. Zhao & N. Lin. 2003. Cold-active serine alkaline protease from the psychrophilic bacterium Pseudomonas strain DY-A: Enzyme purification and characterization. Extremophiles 7: 335–337.

[Z92] Zumpft, W. G. 1992. The denitrifying prokaryotes. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 554–582. Springer-Verlag: New York.

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