Pseudomys

Sandy inland mouse Pseudomys hermannsburgensis, copyright Christopher Watson.

Belongs within: Conilurini.

Pseudomys is an Australian genus of mice that typically have dorsally dark and ventrally pale tails (Watts & Aslin 1981).

Characters (from Watts & Aslin 1981): Mouse- to rat-sized; fur soft, thick; tail hairy, tapering, often darker on upper surface than lower; incisors backward-pointing, not notched; first upper molar shorter than second and third combined; inner cusps of upper molars better developed than outer; first and second upper molars with two internal cusps; accessory cusp on front of first upper molar absent or small; interorbital region narrow, flat or convex above.

<==Pseudomys Gray 1832LA02 [incl. Gyomys Thomas 1910WA81, Paraleporillus Martinez & Lidicker 1971WA81, Thetomys Thomas 1910WA81]
| i. s.: ‘Gyomys’ berneyi Troughton 1936R64
| P. fuscusIT07
| P. laborifexIT07
| P. vandycki Godthelp 1990LA02
|--P. higginsi (Trouessart 1897)FS15, WA81 (see below for synonymy)
`--+--+--P. fieldi (Waite 1896)FS15, T37 (see below for synonymy)
| `--P. glaucus Thomas 1910FS15, WA81 [=P. (Gyomys) glaucusWA81]
`--+--*P. australis Gray 1832LA02, FS15, LA02 (see below for synonymy)
`--+--P. hermannsburgensis (Waite 1896)FS15, GM12 (see below fro synonymy)
`--+--P. occidentalis Tate 1951FS15, R64 [=P. (Gyomys) occidentalisR64]
`--+--+--P. delicatulus (Gould 1842)FS15, GM12 (see below for synonymy)
| `--+--+--P. desertor (Troughton 1932)FS15, GM12 [=P. (Gyomys) desertorWA81]
| | `--P. novaehollandiae (Waterhouse 1842)FS15, W42 (see below for synonymy)
| `--+--P. pilligaensis Fox 1980FS15, WA81
| `--+--+--P. bolami Troughton 1932FS15, WA81 [=P. hermannsburgensis bolamiWA81]
| | `--P. gouldii (Waterhouse 1839)FS15, WA81 [=Mus gouldiB90]
| `--+--P. oralis Thomas 1921FS15, WA81 [=P. australis oralisWA81]
| `--P. shortridgei (Thomas 1907)FS15, WA81 [=Mus shortridgeiWA81]
`--+--+--P. gracilicaudatus (Gould 1845)FS15, WA81 (see below for synonymy)
| `--P. nanus (Gould 1858)FS15, GM12 [=Mus nanusWA81, Thetomys nanusT37]
| |--P. n. nanusWA81
| `--P. n. ferculinus (Thomas 1920) [=Mus ferculinus]WA81
`--+--P. fumeus Brazenor 1934FS15, R64 [=P. (Gyomys) fumeusR64]
`--+--+--P. albocinereus (Gould 1845)FS15, WA81 (see below for synonymy)
| `--P. apodemoides Finlayson 1932FS15, WA81 [=P. (Gyomys) apodemoidesWA81]
`--+--P. calabyiFS15
`--+--P. patrius (Thomas & Dollman 1909)FS15, WA81 [=Mus patriusWA81]
`--+--P. chapmani Kitchener 1980FS15, GM09
`--P. johnsoni (Kitchener 1985)FS15, GM12

Pseudomys albocinereus (Gould 1845)FS15, WA81 [=Mus albocinereus Gould 1845WA81; incl. M. albocinereus squalorum Thomas 1907WA81]

*Pseudomys australis Gray 1832LA02, FS15, LA02 [incl. Ps. auritus Thomas 1910WA81, Ps. minnie flavescens Troughton 1936WA81, Mus lineolatus Gould 1845WA81, Ps. minnie Troughton 1932WA81, Hapalotis murinus Gould 1845WA81, Ps. rawlinnae Troughton 1932WA81, Paraleporillus stirtoni Martinez & Lidicker 1971WA81]

Pseudomys delicatulus (Gould 1842)FS15, GM12 [=Mus delicatulusWA81; incl. P. (Leggadina) delicatulus mimulus Thomas 1926WA81, Gyomys pumilus Troughton 1936WA81]

Pseudomys fieldi (Waite 1896)FS15, T37 [=Mus fieldiT37, P. (Leggadina) fieldiT37; incl. P. (Thetomys) praeconis Oldfield Thomas 1910WA81, B90]

Pseudomys gracilicaudatus (Gould 1845)FS15, WA81 [=Mus gracilicaudatusWA81, Thetomys gracilicaudatusR64; incl. T. gracilicaudatus ultra Troghton 1939WA81]

Pseudomys hermannsburgensis (Waite 1896)FS15, GM12 [=Mus hermannsburgensisWA81; incl. Leggadina hermannsburgensis brazenori Troughton 1937WA81]

Pseudomys higginsi (Trouessart 1897)FS15, WA81 [=Mus higginsiWA81; incl. P. higginsi australiensis Wakefield 1972WA81, M. leucopus Higgins & Petterd 1883WA81]

Pseudomys novaehollandiae (Waterhouse 1842)FS15, W42 [=Mus novaehollandiaeT37, *Gyomys novaehollandiaeT37, Pseudomys (Leggadina) novaehollandiaeT37]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B90] Baynes, A. 1990. The mammals of Shark Bay area, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 313–325. Western Australian Museum.

[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[GM09] Gibson, L. A., & N. L. McKenzie. 2009. Environmental associations of small ground-dwelling mammals in the Pilbara region, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 78 (1): 91–122.

[GM12] Gibson, L. A., & N. L. McKenzie. 2012. Occurrence of non-volant mammals on islands along the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 15–40.

[IT07] Isaac, N. J. B., S. T. Turvey, B. Collen, C. Waterman & J. E. M. Baillie. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PloS One 2 (3): e296.

[LA02] Long, J., M. Archer, T. Flannery & S. Hand. 2002. Prehistoric Mammals of Australia and New Guinea: One Hundred Million Years of Evolution. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[R64] Ride, W. D. L. 1964. A list of mammals described from Australia between the years 1933 and 1963 (comprising newly proposed names and additions to the Australian faunal list). Australian Mammal Society Bulletin 7 (Suppl.): 1–15.

[T37] Troughton, E. Le G. 1937. The status of “Mus” novaehollandiae Waterhouse, and allied forms. Records of the Australian Museum 20: 185–190.

[W42] Waterhouse, G. R. 1842. Descriptions of two new species of the genus Mus. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 145–146.

[WA81] Watts, C. H. S., & H. J. Aslin. 1981. The Rodents of Australia. Angus & Robertson Publishers.

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