Psittaculidae

 Red-winged parrots Aprosmictus erythropterus, photographed by KityKat79.

Belongs within: Psittaciformes.
Contains: Micropsitta, Prioniturus, Eclectus, Psittacula, Alisterus, Platycercini, Psittacella, Loriinae, Agapornis, Loriculus.

The Psittaculidae are a clade of brightly coloured parrots united by molecular data. The greater diversity of species are found in southern Asia and Australasia with the genus Agapornis found in Africa. The tail may be particularly long in species of the genus Polytelis, nomadic birds from southern and central Australia. The vernacular names of these birds reflect their ornate appearance: the princess parrot P. alexandrae, regent parrot P. anthopeplus and superb parrot P. swainsonii. Pezoporus is an Australian genus of two greenish ground-dwelling parrots.

Systematics of Psittaculidae
<==PsittaculidaeJT12
    |--PsittaculinaeJT12
    |    |--MicropsittaBKB15
    |    `--+--Psittaculini [Palaeornina, Psittaculina]JT12
    |       |    |--PrioniturusBKB15
    |       |    `--+--EclectusBKB15
    |       |       `--+--PsittaculaBKB15
    |       |          `--Psittinus cyanurusBKB15 [incl. P. incertusB49]
    |       |               |--P. c. cyanurusRN72
    |       |               |--P. c. abbottiRN72
    |       |               `--P. c. pontiusRN72
    |       `--Polytelini [Polytelitidae]JT12
    |            |  i. s.: Archaeopsittacus Lambrecht 1933M02
    |            |           `--*A. verreauxi (Milne-Edwards 1871) [=Psittacus verreauxi, P. verreauxii]M02
    |            |--+--‘Aprosmictus’ jonquillaceusBKB15
    |            |  |    |--A. j. jonquillaceusRN72
    |            |  |    `--A. j. wetterensisRN72
    |            |  `--Polytelis Wagler 1832BKB15, JT12
    |            |       |--P. swainsonii (Desmarest 1826) [=Psittacus swainsonii; incl. *Po. barrabandi]C38
    |            |       `--P. anthopeplus (Lear 1831)WS48 (see below for synonymy)
    |            |            |--P. a. anthopeplusM03
    |            |            `--P. a. monarchoidesM03
    |            `--+--AlisterusBKB15
    |               `--+--Spathopterus North 1895 [incl. Northipsitta Mathews 1912]C38
    |                  |    `--S. alexandrae (Gould 1863)C38 (see below for synonymy)
    |                  `--Aprosmictus Gould 1843BKB15, M02
    |                       |--A. erythropterus (Gmelin 1788)WS48 (see below for synonymy)
    |                       |    |--A. e. erythropterusC38
    |                       |    |--A. e. coccineopterus Gould 1865C38
    |                       |    `--A. e. yorki Mathews 1912C38
    |                       `--A. scapulatusCH89 [=Platycercus scapulatusG42]
    `--Platycercinae [Pezoporinae, Pezoporini, Platycercidae, Platycercina]JT12
         |--Pezoporus Illiger 1811BKB15, JT12
         |    |--P. occidentalisBKB15
         |    `--P. wallicus (Kerr 1792)WS48 (see below for synonymy)
         |         |--P. w. wallicusC38
         |         `--P. w. leachi Mathews 1912C38
         `--+--+--PlatycerciniBKB15
            |  `--+--+--‘Forpus’ xanthopterygiusBKB15
            |     |  `--+--PsittacellaBKB15
            |     |     `--LoriinaeBKB15
            |     `--Agapornithinae [Loriculini]JT12
            |          |--AgapornisBKB15
            |          `--+--LoriculusBKB15
            |             `--Bolbopsittacus lunulatus (Scopoli 1891)BKB15, RN72
            |                  |--B. l. lunulatusRN72
            |                  |--B. l. intermediusRN72
            |                  `--B. l. mindanensisRN72
            `--Neophema Salvadori 1891BKB15, B94 [incl. Neonanodes Mathews 1912C38, Neopsephotus Mathews 1912C38; Neophemini]
                 |--+--N. elegans (Gould 1837)BKB15, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
                 |  `--N. petrophila (Gould 1841)BKB15, WS48 [=Euphema petrophilaWS48, Neonanodes petrophilusC38]
                 |       |--N. p. petrophilaRN72
                 |       `--N. p. zietzi (Mathews 1912)RN72, C38 [=Neonanodes petrophilus zietziC38]
                 `--+--N. bourkii (Gould 1841)BKB15, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
                    |    |--N. b. bourkiiC38
                    |    `--‘Neopsephotus’ b. pallidus Mathews 1916C38
                    `--+--N. chrysostoma (Kuhl 1820)BKB15, C38 [=Psittacus chrysostomusC38, Neonanodes chrysostomusC38]
                       |    |--N. c. chrysostomaC38
                       |    `--‘Neonanodes chrysostomus’ cyanopterus Mathews 1917C38
                       `--+--N. splendida (Gould 1841)BKB15, WS48 [=Euphema splendidaWS48]
                          `--+--*N. pulchella (Shaw & Nodder 1792)C38, BKB15, C38 [=Psittacus pulchellusC38]
                             `--N. chrysogaster (Latham 1790)BKB15, C38 [=Psittacus chrysogasterC38, *Neonanodes chrysogasterC38]
                                  |--N. c. chrysogasterC38
                                  `--‘Neonanodes’ c. mab Mathews 1912C38

Aprosmictus erythropterus (Gmelin 1788)WS48 [=Psittacus erythropterusWS48, Platycercus erythropterusG42; incl. Aprosmictus erythropterus parryensis Mathews 1912WS48]

Neophema bourkii (Gould 1841)BKB15, WS48 [=Euphema bourkiiWS48, *Neopsephotus bourkiiC38, Nanodes bourkii Mitchell 1838 (n. n.)C38]

Neophema elegans (Gould 1837)BKB15, WS48 [=Nanodes elegansWS48, Neonanodes elegansC38; incl. Psephotus elegans carteri Mathews 1912WS48, Neonanodes elegans carteriC38, Neophema elegans carteriM03]

Pezoporus wallicus (Kerr 1792)WS48 [=Psittacus wallicusWS48, Ps. formosus Latham 1790 (preoc.)WS48, *Pezoporus formosusC38; incl. Pe. flaviventris North 1911WS48, Pe. wallicus flaviventrisM03]

Polytelis anthopeplus (Lear 1831)WS48 [=Palaeornis anthopeplusWS48; incl. Po. melanuraC38, Po. anthopeplus westralis Mathews 1915WS48]

Spathopterus alexandrae (Gould 1863)C38 [=Polytelis alexandraeBKB15, Northipsitta alexandraeC38; incl. Spathopterus alexandrae rogersi Mathews 1916WS48]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B49] Baker, E. W. 1949. A review of the mites of the family Cheyletidae in the United States National Museum. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 99 (3238): 267–320.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[C38] Cayley, N. W. 1938. Australian Parrots: Their Habits in the Field and Aviary. Angus & Robertson Limited.

[CH89] Cox, J. D., & A. G. Hamilton. 1889. A list of the birds of the Mudgee district, with notes on their habits, etc. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 4 (2): 395–424.

[G42] Gould, J. 1842. On two new genera of birds belonging, one to the family Sylviadae, and the other to the family Psittacidae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 111–112.

[JT12] Joseph, L., A. Toon, E. E. Schirtzinger, T. F. Wright & R. Schodde. 2012. A revised nomenclature and classification for family-group taxa of parrots (Psittaciformes). Zootaxa 3205: 26–40.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[RN72] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds.) 1972. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 2. Blandford Press: London.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

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