Pteromyini

 Indochinese flying squirrel Hylopetes phayrei, photographed by Varawut Varaguttanonda.

Belongs within: Sciuridae.

The Pteromyinae include the flying squirrels, characterised by the presence of a gliding patagium between the fore and hind legs. The majority of species are found in northern and eastern Eurasia, with the genus Glaucomys found in North America. The genus Petaurista includes the largest flying squirrels, and indeed some of the largest of all squirrels.

<==Pteromyini [Petauristinae, Pteromyinae]
    |  i. s.: Pliopetaurista Kretzoi 1962P04
    |           |--P. dehneli (Sulimski 1964) [=Pliosciuropterus dehneli]P04
    |           |--P. moldaviensis Baranova & Konkova 1974P04
    |           |--P. pliocaenica (Depéret 1897)P04
    |           `--P. schaubi (Sulimski 1964)P04
    |--+--PetauristaMR03
    |  |    |  i. s.: P. melanotisH00
    |  |    |         P. nitidaH00
    |  |    |         P. phaeomelasH00
    |  |    |         P. taguanoidesH86
    |  |    |         P. thomasi Hose 1900H00
    |  |    |--P. leucogenys Temminck 1827FS15, M76
    |  |    `--+--P. xanthotisFS15
    |  |       `--+--+--P. elegansFS15
    |  |          |  `--P. philippensisFS15 [=P. petaurista philippensisK72]
    |  |          `--+--P. petauristaFS15
    |  |             `--+--P. magnificusFS15
    |  |                `--+--P. alborufusFS15
    |  |                   `--P. nobilisFS15
    |  `--+--PteromysMR03
    |     |    |--P. momonga Temminck 1845M76
    |     |    `--P. volansMR03
    |     `--+--+--Eupetaurus cinereusMR03
    |        |  `--AeromysMR03
    |        |       |--A. tephromelasMR03
    |        |       `--A. thomasiIT07
    |        `--+--Pteromyscus pulverulentusMR03
    |           `--+--+--Belomys pearsoniiMR03
    |              |  `--Biswamoyopterus biswasiFS15
    |              `--+--Aeretes melanopterusMR03
    |                 `--Trogopterus xanthipesMR03
    `--+--+--Eoglaucomys fimbriatusFS15
       |  `--GlaucomysFS15
       |       |--G. sabrinusIT07
       |       |    |--G. s. sabrinusBP87
       |       |    |--G. s. bangsiM61
       |       |    |--G. s. coloratusBP87
       |       |    |--G. s. fuscusBP87
       |       |    |--G. s. lucifugusM61
       |       |    `--G. s. murinauralis Musser 1961M61
       |       `--G. volans (Linnaeus 1758) [=Mus volans]B75
       |            |--G. v. volansG69
       |            |--G. v. chontali Goodwin 1961G69
       |            |--G. v. herreranusG69
       |            |--G. v. oaxacensis Goodwin 1961G69
       |            `--G. v. quercetiB49
       `--+--IomysFS15
          |    |--I. horsfieldiMR03
          |    `--I. siporaIT07
          `--+--PetinomysMR03
             |    |  i. s.: P. bartelsiBP87
             |    |--P. genibarbisFS15
             |    |--P. hageniFS15
             |    |--P. lugensFS15
             |    |--P. sagittaFS15
             |    |--P. vordermanniFS15
             |    |--+--P. crinitusFS15
             |    |  `--P. mindanensisFS15
             |    `--+--P. fuscocapillusFS15
             |       `--P. setosusFS15
             `--+--PetaurillusMR03
                |    |--P. emiliaeIT07
                |    |--P. hoseiIT07
                |    `--P. kinlochiiMR03
                `--HylopetesMR03
                     |  i. s.: H. baberiIT07
                     |         H. fimbriatusIT07
                     |         H. mindanensisBP87
                     |--+--H. phayreiFS15
                     |  `--H. winstoniFS15
                     `--+--H. albonigerFS15
                        `--+--H. nigripesFS15
                           `--+--H. spadiceusFS15
                              `--+--H. siporaFS15
                                 `--+--H. bartelsiFS15
                                    `--+--H. lepidusFS15
                                       `--H. platyurusFS15

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B49] Baker, E. W. 1949. A review of the mites of the family Cheyletidae in the United States National Museum. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 99 (3238): 267–320.

[B75] Bowles, J. B. 1975. Distribution and biogeography of mammals of Iowa. Special Publications, The Museum, Texas Tech University 9: 1–184.

[BP87] Burton, J. A., & B. Pearson. 1987. Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Collins: London.

[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[G69] Goodwin, G. G. 1969. Mammals from the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, in the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 141 (1): 1–269, 40 pls.

[H86] Haswell, W. A. 1886. Jottings from the biological laboratory of Sydney University. 6. On the myology of the flying phalanger. (Petaurista taguanoides). Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 176–182.

[H00] Hose, C. 1900. A new flying-squirrel from Borneo. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 214–216.

[IT07] Isaac, N. J. B., S. T. Turvey, B. Collen, C. Waterman & J. E. M. Baillie. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PloS One 2 (3): e296.

[K72] Krishnan, M. 1972. An ecological survey of the larger mammals of peninsular India (continued). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (1): 40–54.

[M76] Masui, M. 1976. Nihon no Doobutsu. Kogakukan: Tokyo.

[MR03] Mercer, J. M., & V. L. Roth. 2003. The effects of Cenozoic global change on squirrel phylogeny. Science 299: 1568–1572.

[M61] Musser, G. G. 1961. A new subspecies of flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus) from southwestern Utah. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 74: 119–126.

[P04] Popov, V. V. 2004. Pliocene small mammals (Mammalia, Lipotyphla, Chiroptera, Lagomorpha, Rodentia) from Muselievo (north Bulgaria). Geodiversitas 26 (3): 403–491.

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