Pteroptricini

 Female of Prospaltella perniciosi preparing to oviposit on Quadraspidiotus perniciosus, from here.

Belongs within: Coccophaginae.

Prospaltella is a genus of wasps parasitic on scale insects, currently regarded as a junior synonym of Encarsia.

Pteroptricini
|--Coccophagoides Girault 1915MH11, H83 [incl. Diaspiniphagus Silvestri 1927H83, Primaprospaltella DeBach & LaSalle 1981H83]
| |--*C. abnormicornis [=Coccophagus abnormicornis]H83
| |--C. fuscipennisMH11
| |--C. moeris [incl. Prospalta similis, C. similis, *Diaspiniphagus similis]H83
| |--C. murtfeldtae [=Prospalta murtfeldtae, *Primaprospaltella murtfeldtae]H83
| |--C. rex Girault 1930G30
| `--C. utilisC81
|--Pteroptrix Westwood 1833 (see below for synonymy)H83
| |--*P. dimidiatus [=*Gyrolasia dimidiata]H83
| |--P. acestes Walker 1839W39
| |--P. actis Walker 1839W39
| |--P. celsus Walker 1839W39
| |--*Casca’ chinensisH83
| |--P. doricha Walker 1839W39
| |--P. flavimedia (Howard 1881)GM79 [incl. Euderomphale fuscipennis Girault 1916G17, GM79]
| |--P. hemera Walker 1839W39
| |--‘Casca’ heracliti Girault 1936G36b
| |--P. janias Walker 1839W39
| |--P. koebelei [=*Artas koebelei]H83
| |--‘Casca’ machiaeveli Girault 1922GM79
| `--P. thione Walker 1839W39
`--Encarsia Foerster 1878MH11, H83 (see below for synonymy)
| i. s.: *E. tricolorH83
| E. acaudaleyrodisH83
| E. adustaHB13
| E. americana (DeBach & Rose 1981)SEH96 [=*Aleurodiphilus americanusH83]
| E. aonidiae Howard 1896GM79
| E. armataSEH96
| ‘Coccophagus’ aurantii (Howard 1894)H83, GM79 [=*Prospalta aurantiiH83, *Prospaltella aurantiiH83]
| E. basicincta Gahan 1927 [=Aleurodiphilus basicinctus]SEH96
| ‘Prospaltella’ beethoveni Girault 1931 (see below for synonymy)G31
| ‘Prospaltella’ berlesei (Howard 1906)GM79
| E. citrella (Howard 1908) [=Prospaltella citrella]SEH96
| ‘Prospaltella’ citrifoliaC81
| E. clypealis (Silvestri 1927)SEH96 [=Prospaltella clypealisC81]
| E. coquilletti Howerd 1895SEH96
| E. cubensis Gahan 1931SEH96
| E. dispersaHB13
| E. divergens (Silvestri 1926)SEH96 [=Prospaltella divergensC81]
| ‘Prospaltella’ filicornis [=*Doloresia filicornis]H83
| E. falva (Compere 1936)H83, SEH96 [=Aspidiotiphagus (*Paraspidiotiphagus) flavusH83]
| *Prospaltoides’ howardiH83
| E. lahorensis (Howard 1911) [=Prospaltella lahorensis]SEH96
| E. leucaspidisH83
| E. merceti Silvestri 1926SEH96
| E. mozarti Girault 1932G32
| E. opulenta Silvestri 1928SEH96 [=Prospaltella opulentaC81]
| E. peltata (Cockerell 1911)SEH96 [=*Mimatomus peltatusH83]
| ‘Prospaltella’ perniciosiC81
| E. portoricensis Howard 1907SEH96
| E. quaintancei Howard 1907 [incl. Prospaltella perspicuipennis Girault 1910]SEH96
| ‘Coccophagus’ singularis Girault 1915 [=Prospaltella singularis]G31
| E. strenua (Silvestri 1927) [=Prospaltella strenua]SEH96
| E. titillata Girault 1926G26
| E. toticilia Girault 1936G36a
| E. townsendi Howard 1907SEH96
| E. variegata Howard 1908SEH96
|--+--E. quercicola (Howard 1908)MH11, SEH96 [=Prospaltella quercicolaSEH96]
| `--+--E. strenusMH11
| `--Dirphys Howard 1914MH11, H83
| `--*D. mexicanus [=Mesidia mexicana]H83
`--+--+--+--E. lutea (Masi 1909)MH11, SEH96 [=Prospaltella luteaSEH96]
| | `--+--E. perniciosiMH11
| | `--+--E. nigricephala Dozier 1937MH11, SEH96
| | `--E. perplexaMH11
| `--+--E. guadeloupaeMH11
| `--+--E. hispida DeSantis 1948MH11, SEH96
| `--+--E. haitiensisMH11
| `--+--E. meritoria Gahan 1927MH11, SEH96
| `--+--E. formosa Gahan 1924MH11
| `--E. luteola Howard 1895MH11, SEH96 (see below for synonymy)
`--+--+--E. transvena (Timberlake 1926)MH11, SEH96 (see below for synonymy)
| `--+--E. oakeyensisMH11
| `--+--E. bimaculataMH11
| `--+--E. citriMH11
| `--E. protransvena Viggiani 1985MH11, SEH96
`--+--E. noyesiMH11
`--+--+--E. azimiMH11
| `--E. inaron (Walker 1839)MH11, SEH96 (see below for synonymy)
`--+--E. smithi (Silvestri 1926)MH11, SEH96 [=Prospaltella smithiC81]
`--+--E. pergandiella Howard 1907MH11, SEH96 (see below for synonymy)
`--+--E. cibcensisMH11
`--E. citrinaMH11 [=Coccophagus citrinusH83, *Aspidiotiphagus citrinusH83]

Encarsia Foerster 1878MH11, H83 [incl. Aleurodiphilus DeBach & Rose 1981H83, Aspidiotiphagus Howard 1894H83, Doloresia Mercet 1912H83, Mimatomus Cockerell 1911H83, Paraspidiotiphagus Alam 1956H83, Prospalta Howard 1894 non Walker 1857H83, Prospaltella Ashmead 1904H83, Prospaltoides Brèthes 1914H83]

Encarsia inaron (Walker 1839)MH11, SEH96 [=Aphelinus inaronSEH96; incl. Trychaporus aleyrodis Mercet 1930SEH96, A. idaeus Walker 1839SEH96, Encarsia partenopea Masi 1909SEH96]

Encarsia luteola Howard 1895MH11, SEH96 [incl. E. angelica Howard 1895SEH96, E. deserti Gerling & Rivnay 1984SEH96]

Encarsia pergandiella Howard 1907MH11, SEH96 [=Aleurodiphilus pergandiellusSEH96; incl. E. bemisiae DeSantis 1981SEH96, E. tabacivora Viggiani 1985SEH96, E. versicolor Girault 1908SEH96]

Encarsia transvena (Timberlake 1926)MH11, SEH96 [=Prospaltella transvenaSEH96; incl. P. bemisiae Ishii 1938SEH96, P. flava Shafee 1973 non Aspidiotiphagus flavus Compere 1936SEH96, Encarsia shafeei Hayat 1989SEH96, P. sublutea Silvestri 1931SEH96]

‘Prospaltella’ beethoveni Girault 1931 [=P. singularis Silvestri 1930 non Coccophagus singularis Girault 1915]G31

Pteroptrix Westwood 1833 [=Gyrolasia Foerster 1856, Pterothrix Nees 1834; incl. Artas Howard 1907, Casca Howard 1907]H83

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[C81] Caltagirone, L. E. 1981. Landmark examples in classical biological control. Annual Review of Entomology 26: 213–232.

[G17] Girault, A. A. 1917. Descriptiones hymenopterorum chalcidoidicarum variorum cum observationibus. V. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 116–131).

[G26] Girault, A. A. 1926. New pests from Australia. II. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 200–202).

[G30] Girault, A. A. 1930. New pests from Australia. VIII. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 273–277).

[G31] Girault, A. A. 1931. A new habit in an old insect, Homo pudicus and new Eurytomidae. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 280–283).

[G32] Girault, A. A. 1932. New lower Hymenoptera from Australia and India. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 293–298).

[G36a] Girault, A. A. (as ‘L. de St. Fargeau’). 1936a. Chalcididae, Capsidae species nova Australiensis Giraulti. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 319–321).

[G36b] Girault, A. A. 1936b. Terror-errors; and novitates of Pterygota (or earth realities not state-bound). Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 322–325).

[GM79] Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 1–400.

[H83] Hayat, M. 1983. The genera of Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera) of the world. Systematic Entomology 8: 63–102.

[HB13] Heraty, J. M., R. A. Burks, A. Cruaud, G. A. P. Gibson, J. Liljeblad, J. Munro, J.-Y. Rasplus, G. Delvare, P. Janšta, A. Gumovsky, J. Huber, J. B. Woolley, L. Krogmann, S. Heydon, A. Polaszek, S. Schmidt, D. C. Darling, M. W. Gates, J. Mottern, E. Murray, A. D. Molin, S. Triapitsyn, H. Baur, J. D. Pinto, S. van Noort, J. George & M. Yoder. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542.

[MH11] Munro, J. B., J. M. Heraty, R. A. Burks, D. Hawks, J. Mottern, A. Cruaud, J.-Y. Rasplus & P. Jansta. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PloS One 6 (11): e27023.

[SEH96] Schauff, M. E., G. A. Evans & J. M. Heraty. 1996. A pictorial guide to the species of Encarsia (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) parasitic on whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in North America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (1): 1–35.

[W39] Walker, F. 1839. Monographia Chalciditum vol. 1. Hyppolitus Ballière: London.

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