Pyrginae

Grizzled skipper Pyrgus malvae, copyright Gail Hampshire.

Belongs within: Hesperiidae.

The Pyrginae, flats, are a cosmopolitan group of relatively large, robust and fast-flying skippers whose larvae feed on a wide range of dicotyledonous plants (Braby 2000a).

Characters (from Braby 2000a): Antenna more than half length of costa of fore wing; third segment of labial palp erect or porrect, short to medium in length, stout; fore wing with vein M2 straight near origin, arising midway between M1 and M3 or closer to M1 than M3; hind wing with cell normal, termen rounded; male may have costal gold or linear scent-pouch, containing numerous sex-scales, on costa near base of fore wing.

<==Pyrginae [Pyrgidae] J03
|–Capila J03
|–Telemiades J03
|–Eagris J03
|–Celaenorrhinus Hübner 1919 B00a
|    `–C. fritzgaertneri (Balley 1880) FS54
|–Exometoeca Meyrick 1888 B00a
|    `–E. nycteris Meyrick 1888 B00a
|–Euschemon Doubleday 1846 [Euschemoninae] B00a
|    `–E. rafflesia (Macleay 1826) B00a
|         |–E. r. rafflesia B00a
|         `–E. r. alba Mabille 1903 B00a
|–Netrocoryne Felder & Felder 1867 B00a
|    |–N. repanda Felder & Felder 1867 B00a
|    |    |–N. r. repanda B00a
|    |    `–N. r. expansa Waterhouse 1932 B00a
|    `–N. thaddaeus (Hewitson 1876) B00a
|–Chaetocneme Felder 1860 B00a
|    |–C. beata (Hewitson 1867) B00a
|    |–C. critomedia (Guérin-Méneville 1831) B00a
|    |    |–C. c. critomedia B00a
|    |    `–C. c. sphinterifera (Fruhstorfer 1910) B00a
|    |–C. denitza (Hewitson 1867) B00a
|    `–C. porphyropsis (Meyrick & Lower 1902) B00a
|–Tagiades Hübner 1819 B00a
|    |–T. flesus B01a
|    |–T. japetus (Stoll 1781) B00a
|    |    |–T. j. japetus B00a
|    |    `–T. j. janetta Butler 1870 B00a
|    `–T. nestus (Felder 1860) B00b
|         |–T. n. nestus B00b
|         `–T. n. korela Mabille 1891 B00b
`–Pyrgus Hübner 1819 BR05
|–P. dromus B01a
|–P. machacosa B01b
|–P. maculatus (Bremer & Grey 1852) I92
|–P. malvae (Linnaeus 1758) I92
|–P. notata (Blanchard 1852) FS54
|–P. orcus (Cramer 1782) S55
`–P. syrichtus (Fabricius 1775) FS54
|–P. s. syrichtus FS54
`–P. s. montivagus (Reakirt 1866) FS54

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[B00a] Braby, M. F. 2000a. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 1. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[B00b] Braby, M. F. 2000b. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[B01a] Butler, A. G. 1901a. An account of a collection of butterflies made by the Rev. K. St. Aubyn Rogers between Mombasa and the forests of Taveta. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 22–35.

[B01b] Butler, A. G. 1901b. An account of a collection of butterflies obtained by Lord Delamere, chiefly at Munisu, near Mount Kenya. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 197–203.

[FS54] Franz, E., & H. Schröder. 1954. Tagfalter (Lep. Rhopalocera) aus El Salvador. Senckenbergiana Biologica 35: 75–87.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[J03] Jong, R. de. 2003. Are there butterflies with Gondwanan ancestry in the Australian region? Invertebrate Systematics 17: 143–156.

[S55] Schröder, H. 1955. Eine Falter-Ausbeute aus dem westlichen Bolivien. (Ins. Lepid. Rhopal.) Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 329–338.

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