House dust mites Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, from Time.

Belongs within: Analgoidea.

The Pyroglyphidae are a morphologically and ecologically diverse group of astigmatic mites including the house dust mites and related taxa. Members of the family vary from largely unsclerotised as in Dermatophagoides to almost completely sclerotised as in Pyroglyphus. The greater number of species are inhabitants of nests of birds with others being associated with mammal nests or parasitic on the birds themselves (OConnor 2009).

Characters (from OConnor 2009): Chelicerae well developed. Genu III with solenidion ς present; tibia IV with one ventral seta; tarsus I with solenidion ω1 inserted subapically, very near solenidion ω3; tarsus II with solenidion ω inserted in basal half of segment; pretarsi I and II with ambulacral stalks shorter than tarsi.

    |--Pyroglyphus africanusO09, E-KO07
    |--Sturnophagoides bakeriDW10
    |--Gymnoglyphus longiorO09
    |--Weelawadjia Fain & Lowry 1975H98
    |    `--W. australis Fain & Lowry 1975H98
    |--Euroglyphus Fain 1965H98
    |    |--E. longiorO09
    |    |--E. maynei (Cooreman 1950)C91 [=Mealia mayneiH98]
    |    `--E. osuNK94
    `--Dermatophagoides Bogdanoff 1864 [incl. Mealia Trouessart 1898]H98
         |--D. evansiQA91
         |--D. farinae Hughes 1961H98
         |--D. microcerasHD91
         |--D. pteronyssinus (Trouessart 1898)H98 (see below for synonymy)
         `--D. siboneyMR01

Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Trouessart 1898)H98 [=Mealia pteronyssinaH98, Tyrophagus pteronyssinusH98; incl. M. scheremetewskyiC91]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[C91] Colloff, M. J. 1991. Practical and theoretical aspects of the ecology of house dust mites (Acari: Pyroglyphidae) in relation to the study of mite-mediated allergy. Review of Medical and Veterinary Entomology 79 (11–12): 611–630.

[DW10] Dabert, M., W. Witalinski, A. Kazmierski, Z. Olszanowski & J. Dabert. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of acariform mites (Acari, Arachnida): strong conflict between phylogenetic signal and long-branch attraction artifacts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 222–241.

[E-KO07] El-Kammah, K. M., & L. M. I. Oyoun. 2007. Taxonomic records of mite species associated with animal and poultry farms in the Nile delta, vally and N. Sinai Egypt. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 223–232. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[HD91] Hart, B. J., & A. E. Douglas. 1991. The relationship between house-dust mites and fungi. In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies pp. 319–324. Chapman & Hall: London.

[MR01] Morris, M. J. A., & J. Rimmer. 2001. Allergenicity of the predator dust mite Cheyletus tenuipilis (Acari: Cheyletidae): a preliminary study. In : Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 558–564. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[NK94] Norton, R. A., & J. B. Kethley. 1994. Ecdysial cleavage lines of acariform mites (Arachnida, Acari). Zoologica Scripta 23 (3): 175–191.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 565–657. Texas Tech University Press.

[P90] Philips, J. R. 1990. Acarina: Astigmata (Acaridida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 757–778. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[QA91] Quintero, M. T., & H. A. Acevedo. 1991. Studies on deep litter mites on farms in Mexico. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 443–448. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *