Pyrgo murrhina, copyright Bruce Hayward.

Belongs within: Miliolina.

The Quinqueloculininae are a group of miliolid Foraminifera known from the Jurassic to the present, with a simple wall and an aperture with a bifid tooth or modification of such (Loeblich & Tappan 1964).

|--Pateoris Loeblich & Tappan 1953S-VC91
| `--*P. hauerinoides (Rhumbler 1936) [=Quinqueloculina subrotunda f. hauerinoides]LT64
|--Cruciloculina d’Orbigny in de la Sagra 1839LT64
| `--*C. triangularis d’Orbigny 1839LT64
|--Dentostomina Carman 1933LT64
| |--*D. bermudiana Carman 1933LT64
| `--D. agglutinans d’Orbigny 1839M13
|--Podolia Serova 1961LT64
| `--*P. lyra (Serova 1955) [=Hauerina lyra]LT64
|--Ptychomiliola Eimer & Fickert 1899LT64
| `--*P. separans (Brady 1879)LT64, A68 [=Miliolina separansLT64]
|--Pyrgoella Cushman & White 1936LT64
| `--*P. sphaera (d’Orbigny 1839) [=Biloculina sphaera]LT64
|--Spirosigmoilina Parr 1942LT64
| `--*S. tateana (Howchin 1889) [=Spiroloculina tateana]LT64
|--Sigmoilina Schlumberger 1887C40
| |--*S. sigmoidea (Brady 1884) [=Planispirina sigmoidea]LT64
| |--S. australis (parr 1932)A68
| |--S. celata (Costa 1856) [=Spiroloculina celata, Miliola celata, Planispirina celata]LT64
| |--S. herzensteiniC40
| `--S. manicuraJW99
|--Biloculina d’Orbigny 1826C40, G86
| |--*B. bulloides d’Orbigny 1826LT64
| |--B. comataH04
| |--B. elongataG86 (see below for synonymy)
| `--B. turkomanica Brodsky 1928G86
`--Quinqueloculina d’Orbigny 1826 (nom. cons.) (see below for synonymy)LT64
|--*Q. seminulum (Linnaeus 1758) [=Serpula seminulum, *Multiloculina seminulum]LT64
|--Q. agglutinansJP64
|--Q. akneriana d’Orbigny 1846S-VC91
|--Q. anguinaA68
| |--Q. a. anguinaA68
| `--Q. a. arenata Said 1949A68
|--Q. angulostriata Cushman & Valentine 1930S-VC91
|--Q. angustaM08
|--Q. arcticaLT64
|--Q. asperaM62
|--Q. auberianaLT64
|--Q. baragwanathi Parr 1945S05
|--Q. berthelotianaM62
|--Q. bicarinataS05
|--Q. bicornisM62
|--Q. bicostata d’Orbigny 1839S-VC91
|--Q. candeianaLT64
|--Q. carinataS05
|--Q. catalinensis Natland 1938S-VC91
|--Q. cliarensisM62
|--Q. compta Cushman 1947S-VC91
|--Q. contortaM62
|--Q. cooki Vella 1957 [=Q. (*Lachlanella) cooki]LT64
|--Q. costata d’Orbigny 1826A68
|--Q. disparilisM62
|--Q. fuscaC40
|--Q. incisaS05
|--*Uniloculina’ indica d’Orbigny in de la Sagra 1839LT64
|--Q. itongazianaM08
|--Q. jugosaM62
|--Q. laevigata d’Orbigny 1826S-VC91
|--Q. lamarckiana d’Orbigny 1839S-VC91
|--Q. longirostra d’Orbigny 1826 [incl. *Adelosina laevigata d’Orbigny 1826 non Q. laevigata d’Orbigny 1826]LT64
|--Q. parvulaM62
|--Q. patagonicaS05
|--Q. poeyana d’Orbigny 1839S05
|--Q. pseudoreticulata Parr 1941A68
|--Q. pulchellaB64
|--Q. quinquecarinataS05
|--Q. rugosaM62
|--Q. sabulosa Cushman 1947S-VC91
|--Q. schlumbergeriM62
|--Q. seminula (Linné 1767)A68
|--Q. stelligeraM62
|--Q. striata d’Orbigny 1826A68
|--Q. suborbicularisLT64
|--Q. subpolygona Parr 1945S05
|--Q. sulcataS05
|--Q. tenagos Parker 1962S-VC91
|--Q. ungerianaM62
|--Q. venustaJW99
|--*Pollontes’ vesicularis de Montfort 1808 [=*Pollonites vesicularis]LT64
|--Q. vulgarisLT64
`--Q. williamsoniM62

Biloculina elongataG86 [=Pyrgo elongataM62; incl. B. elongata var. turkomanica Brodsky 1929 non B. turkomanica Bridsky 1928G86]

Quinqueloculina d’Orbigny 1826 (nom. cons.) [=Multiloculina Abich 1859; incl. Adelosina d’Orbigny 1826, Frumentarium Fichtel & Moll 1798 (nom. rej.), Lachlanella Vella 1957, Pollonites Brady 1884, Pollontes de Montfort 1808 (nom. rej.), Retorta Walker & Boys 1784 (nom. rej.), Uniloculina d’Orbigny in de la Sagra 1839]LT64

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A68] Albani, A. D. 1968. Recent Foraminiferida of the central coast of New South Wales. AMSA Handbook 1: 1–37.

[B64] Brady, H. B. 1864. Notes on Foraminifera new to the British fauna. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33 (Notices and Abstracts): 100–101.

[C40] Cushman, J. A. 1940. Foraminifera: Their classification and economic use 3rd ed. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[G86] Golemansky, V. G. 1986. Rhizopoda: Foraminiferida. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 17–20. E. J. Brill/Dr. W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[JW99] Jian, Z.-M., L.-J. Wang, M. Kienast, M. Sarnthein, W. Kuhnt, H.-L. Lin & P.-X. Wang. 1999. Benthic foraminiferal paleoceanography of the South China Sea over the last 40,000 years. Marine Geology 156: 159–186.

[JP64] Jones, T. R., & W. K. Parker. 1864. Note on some Foraminifera dredged by the late Mr. Lucas Barrett at Jamaica. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33 (Notices and Abstracts): 105.

[LT64] Loeblich, A. R., Jr & H. Tappan. 1964. Sarcodina: chiefly “thecamoebians” and Foraminiferida. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt C. Protista 2 vol. 1. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press.

[M08] McMillan, I. K. 2008. Reappraisal of foraminiferal assemblages of the Santonian–Campanian Mzamba Formation type section, and their correlation with the stratigraphic succession of the KwaZulu Basin. African Natural History 4: 25–34.

[M13] Mikhalevich, V. I. 2013. New insight into the systematics and evolution of the Foraminifera. Micropaleontology 59 (6): 493–527.

[M62] Monniot, F. 1962. Recherches sur les graviers a Amphioxus de la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer. Vie et Milieu 13: 231–322.

[S-VC91] Segura-Vernis, L. R., & A. L. Carreño. 1991. Foraminíferos y ostrácodos de la Laguna de La Paz, Baja California Sur, México. Inv. Mar. CICIMAR 6 (1): 195–224.

[S05] Semeniuk, T. A. 2005. Fossil foraminiferal assemblages from Pleistocene seagrass-bank deposits of the southern Perth Basin, Western Australia, and their palaeotemperature implications. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (4): 177–190.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *