Rastelloidina

Tree trapdoor spider Migas sp., copyright Simon Grove.

Belongs within: Avicularoidea.
Contains: Idiopoidea.

The Rastelloidina are a clade of mygalomorph spiders characterised by the presence of a rastellum, an array of spines at the ends of the chelicerae used in digging. In members of the family Cyrtaucheniidae, the paired tarsal claws are biserially dentate in females and have a ventral S-shaped row of teeth in females, whereas the dentition of tarsal claws is generally reduced and forming a single row only in other families. The Migoidea, including the families Migidae and Actinopodidae, have short, thick cheliceral fangs that are diagonal and converging (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Synapomorphies (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Fovea closed and longitudinal; rastellum present; cheliceral fangs short, thick and diagonal; palpal coxa elongate; posterior legs with spines on dorsal surface.

<==Rastelloidina
    |--CyrtaucheniidaeJD-S07
    |    |  i. s.: FufiusBFSJ08
    |    |         AcontiusJD-S07
    |    |--Aporoptychiinae [Aporoptychi]JD-S07
    |    |    |--Rhytidicolus Simon 1889S89
    |    |    |    `--*R. structor Simon 1889S89
    |    |    |--Ancylotrypa bicornuta Strand 1906S89, J98
    |    |    |--*Phaenothele gaujoni (Sim. 1889)S89
    |    |    |--Phaeoclita Simon 1889S89
    |    |    |    `--*P. fauna Simon 1889S89
    |    |    |--AporoptychusS89
    |    |    |    |--*A. australisS89
    |    |    |    `--A. africanus Simon 1889S89
    |    |    `--Celidotopus Simon 1889S89
    |    |         `--*C. pulchripes Simon 1889S89
    |    |--Cyrtaucheniinae [Cyrtauchenii]JD-S07
    |    |    |--Cyrtauchenius Thorell 1869JD-S07
    |    |    |--EntychidesS89
    |    |    `--AtmetochilusS89
    |    `--EuctenizaS89 [EuctenizinaeJD-S07]
    `--DomiothelinaJD-S07
         |--IdiopoideaJD-S07
         `--MigoideaJD-S07
              |--Actinopodidae [Actinopodinae]JD-S07
              |    |--Plesiolena Goloboff & Platnick 1987JD-S07
              |    |--Actinopus Perty 1833JD-S07
              |    |    |--A. algerianus Lucas 1846E12
              |    |    |--A. formosus Rainbow 1896R96
              |    |    `--A. robustusJD-S07
              |    `--Missulena Walckenaer 1805F95 [=Eriodon Latreille 1804C01]
              |         |--*M. occatoria Walckenaer 1805F95 [=*Eriodon occatoriumC01, Mygale (Eriodon) occatoriaG20]
              |         |--M. bradleyi Rainbow 1914F95
              |         |--M. dipsaca Faulder 1995F95
              |         |--M. granulosa (Cambridge 1868)F95
              |         |--M. hoggi Womersley 1943F95
              |         |--M. insignis (Cambridge 1877)F95
              |         |--M. pruinosa Levitt-Gregg 1966F95
              |         |--M. reflexa Rainbow & Pulleine 1918F95
              |         `--M. rutraspina Faulder 1995F95
              `--MigidaePVD10
                   |  i. s.: Goloboffia Griswold & Ledford 2001JD-S07
                   |         Mallecomigas Goloboff & Platnick 1987JD-S07
                   |         Micromesomma Pocock 1895JD-S07
                   |         Poecilomigas Simon 1903JD-S07
                   |         Thyropoeus Pocock 1895JD-S07
                   |--Paramigas Pocock 1895 [Paramiginae]JD-S07
                   |--Calathotarsinae [Homogoneae]JD-S07
                   |    |--Calathotarsus Simon 1903JD-S07
                   |    |--Heteromigas Hogg 1902R14, JD-S07
                   |    `--Homogona Rainbow 1914R14
                   |         `--*H. pulleinei Rainbow 1914R14
                   `--Miginae [Migae]PVD10
                        |--Moggridgea P.-Cambridge 1875S89, JD-S07
                        |    |--M. australisY95
                        |    `--M. tingle Main 1991DH10
                        |--MyrtaleS89
                        `--Migas Koch 1873PVD10
                             |--*M. paradoxus Koch 1873PVD10
                             |--M. australis Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. borealis Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. cambridgei Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. cantuarius Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. centralis Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. cumberi Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. distinctus Pickard-Cambridge 1879PVD10
                             |--M. gatenbyi Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. giveni Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. goyeni Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. hesperus Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. hollowayi Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. insularis Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. kirki Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. kochi Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. linburnensis Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. lomasi Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. marplesi Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. minor Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. otari Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. quintus Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. sandageri Goyen 1891PVD10
                             |--M. saxatilis Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. secundus Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. solitarius Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. taierii Todd 1945PVD10
                             |--M. tasmani Wilton 1968PVD10
                             |--M. toddae Wilton 1968PVD10
                             `--M. tuhoe Wilton 1968PVD10

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BFSJ08] Bertani, R., C. S. Fukushima & P. I. da Silva Júnior. 2008. Mating behavior of Sickius longibulbi (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Ischnocolinae), a spider that lacks spermathecae. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 331–335.

[C01] Cambridge, F. O. P. 1901. A revision of the genera of the Araneae or spiders with reference to their type species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 51–65.

[DH10] Durrant, B. J., M. S. Harvey, V. W. Framenau, R. Ott & J. M. Waldock. 2010. Patterns in the composition of ground-dwelling spider communities in the Pilbara bioregion, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 78 (1): 185–204.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F95] Faulder, R. J. 1995. Two new species of the Australian spider genus Missulena Walckenaer (Araneae: Actinopodidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 73–78.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[R96] Rainbow, W. J. 1896. Descriptions of some new Araneidae of New South Wales. No. 6. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (3): 320–344, pls 18–20.

[R14] Rainbow, W. J. 1914. Studies in Australian Araneidae, no. 6, the Terretelariae. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (8): 187–270.

[S89] Simon, E. 1889. Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Décembre 1887–Avril 1888). 4e mémoire. Arachnides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 169–220, pls 1–3.

[Y95] Yen, A. L. 1995. Australian spiders: an opportunity for conservation. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 39–47.

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