Rhabditoidea

Female Rhabditis, copyright Ken Ramos.

Belongs within: Rhabditina.

The Rhabditoidea is an assemblage of free-living nematodes, though it is probably paraphyletic to parasitic groups such as the Strongyloidea. Members of the Rhabditoidea are characterised by having the phasmid in males posterior to all other bursal rays (Ley & Blaxter 2002). The bacteriovorous Caenorhabditis elegans has become a model organism in the study of embryology.

<==Rhabditoidea
    |--DiploscapterBG-M11 [DiploscapteridaeLB02]
    |    `--D. coronatusBG-M11
    `--RhabditidaeLB02
         |--CruznemaH02
         |--Teratorhabditis palmarumH02, WPB98
         |--EurhabditisCH-C06
         |--Oscheius insectivoraCH-C06
         |--Pellioditis marinaCH-C06
         |--RhabditellaCH-C06
         |    |--R. axeiCH-C06
         |    `--R. lepturaRK91
         |--CaenorhabditisH02
         |    |--C. briggsaeCH-C06
         |    |--C. elegansCH-C06 [=Rhabditis elegansG02]
         |    `--C. remaneiG02
         |         |--C. r. remaneiG02
         |         `--C. r. vulgarisG02
         `--RhabditisCH-C06
              |--R. adenobiaMM02
              |--R. blumiCH-C06
              |--R. broughtonalcockiH02
              |--R. caussaniG02
              |--R. coarctataL02a
              |--R. dolichuraH02
              |--R. dubiusW02
              |--R. duthiersiG02
              |--R. guignardiG02
              |--R. marionisG02
              |--R. myriophilaCH-C06
              |--R. pellioL02b
              |--R. regenfussi [=Poikilolaimus regenfussi]BG-M11
              |--R. schneideriG02
              |--R. terricolaH02
              |--R. tokaiG02
              `--R. viguieriG02

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BG-M11] Borgonie, G., A. García-Moyano, D. Litthauer, W. Bert, A. Bester, E. van Heerden, C. Möller, M. Erasmus & T. C. Onstott. 2011. Nematoda from the terrestrial deep subsurface of South Africa. Nature 474: 79–82.

[CH-C06] Chilton, N. B., F. Huby-Chilton, R. B. Gasser & I. Beveridge. 2006. The evolutionary origins of nematodes within the order Strongylida are related to predilection sites within hosts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 118–128.

[G02] Gems, D. 2002. Ageing. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 413–455. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[H02] Hope, I. A. 2002. Embryology, developmental biology and the genome. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 121–145. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[L02a] Lee, D. L. 2002a. Life cycles. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 61–72. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[L02b] Lee, D. L. 2002b. Behaviour. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 369–387. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[LB02] Ley, P. de, & M. Blaxter. 2002. Systematic position and phylogeny. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 1–30. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[MM02] Munn, E. A., & P. D. Munn. 2002. Feeding and digestion. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 211–232. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[RK91] Royce, L. A., & G. W. Krantz. 1991. A new rearing method for nematophagous mites. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 619–622. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[W02] Wharton, D. A. 2002. Nematode survival strategies. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 389–411. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[WPB98] Winnepenninckx, B. M. H., Y. V. de Peer & T. Backeljau. 1998. Metazoan relationships on the basis of 18S rRNA sequences: a few years later… American Zoologist 38: 888–906.

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