Rhyacophiloidea

Rhyacophila sp., copyright Hectonichus.

Belongs within: Trichoptera.
Contains: Hydrobiosinae.

The Rhyacophiloidea are a group of caddisflies in which the larvae are mostly carnivorous and use bottom crevices as retreats, only producing silk immediately before pupation. The larval antenna bears two basiconic sensillae with a single trichoid sensilla between them (Ivanov & Sukatsheva 2002).

<==Rhyacophiloidea
|--HydrobiosidaeGE05
| | i. s.: Palaeohydrobiosis siberambraRJ93
| |--HydrobiosinaeN83
| `--ApsilochoreminaeN83
| |--Bachorema Mosely 1953N83
| |--Allochorema Mosely 1953N83
| | |--*A. tasmanicum Mosely 1953 [=A. tasmanica]N83
| | `--A. reclivatum Neboiss 1962N83
| `--Apsilochorema Ulmer 1907N83
| |--*A. indicum (Ulmer 1905) [=Psilochorema indicum]N83
| |--A. gisbum (Mosely 1953) [=Bachorema gisba, A. gisba]N83
| |--A. obliquum (Mosely 1953) [=Bachorema obliqua, A. obliqua]N83
| `--A. urdalum Neboiss 1962N83
`--RhyacophilidaeGE05
|--CaillomaRD77
`--Rhyacophila Pictet 1834 [Rhyacophilinae]BZ-M04
|--R. antiquissimaP92
|--R. aquitanicaBZ-M04
|--R. atrataR38
|--R. denticulata [=R. fasciata denticulata]BZ-M04
|--R. dorsalis (Curtis 1834)BZ-M04
|--R. evoluta McLachlan 1879BZ-M04
|--R. fasciata Hagen 1859BZ-M04
|--R. fusculaRD77
|--R. gemona Ross 1938R38
|--R. intermedia McLachlan 1868BZ-M04
|--R. kaltaticaIS02
|--R. laevis Pictet 1834BZ-M04
|--R. meridionalis Pictet 1865BZ-M04
|--R. mocsaryi Klapálek 1898BZ-M04
| |--R. m. mocsaryiBZ-M04
| `--R. m. tredosensisBZ-M04
|--R. munda McLachlan 1862BZ-M04
|--R. nevada Schmid 1952BZ-M04
|--R. norcuta Ross 1938R38
|--R. occidentalis McLachlan 1879BZ-M04
|--R. pascoei McLachlan 1879BZ-M04
|--R. pellisa Ross 1938R38
|--R. relicta McLachlan 1879BZ-M04
|--R. rotundaR38
|--R. septentrionalisA99
|--R. tristis Pictet 1834BZ-M04
`--R. valumaR38

Nomen nudum: Rhyacophila fonticolaBZ-M04

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A99] Ax, P. 1999. Das System der Metazoa II. Ein Lehrbuch der phylogenetischen Systematik. Gustav Fisher Verlag: Stuttgart (translated: 2000. Multicellular Animals: The phylogenetic system of the Metazoa vol. 2. Springer).

[BZ-M04] Bonada, N., C. Zamora-Muñoz, M. Rieradevall & N. Prat. 2004. Trichoptera (Insecta) collected in Mediterranean river basins of the Iberian Peninsula: taxonomic remarks and notes on ecology. Graellsia 60 (1): 41–69.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[IS02] Ivanov, V. D., & I. D. Sukatsheva. 2002. Order Trichoptera Kirby, 1813. The caddisflies (=Phryganeida Latreille, 1810). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 199–220. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[N83] Neboiss, A. 1983. Checklist and bibliography of the Australian caddis-flies (Trichoptera). Australian Society for Limnology Special Publication 5: 1–132.

[P92] Poinar, G. O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford University Press: Stanford.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[RJ93] Ross, A. J., & E. A. Jarzembowski. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 363–426. Chapman & Hall: London.

[R38] Ross, H. H. 1938. Descriptions of new North American Trichoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 40 (5): 117–124.

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