Rhynchium

Rhynchium quinquecinctum, copyright Len Worthington.

Belongs within: Eumeninae.

Rhynchium is an Old World genus of relatively large wasps, characterised by a lack of prominent punctation on the scutellum and posterior part of the mesoscutum.

<==Rhynchium Spinola 1806 [=Rygchium] C85
|–‘Vespa’ oculata Fabricius 1781 [incl. *Rygchium europaeum Spinola 1806] C85
|–‘Rygchium’ annuliferum Boisduval 1835 B35
|–R. atrum Saussure 1852 C85
|–R. australense Perkins 1914 C85
|–R. magnificum Smith 1869 [=Odynerus (Rhynchium) haemorrhoidalis var. magnificus] C85
|–‘Rygchium’ megaera K62
|–R. mirabile Saussure 1852 C85 (see below for synonymy)
|–R. nigrolimbatum Bingham 1912 C85
|–R. nitidulum R13
|–R. quinquecinctum S94
|    |–R. q. quinquecinctum S94
|    `–R. q. fukaii S94
|–R. rufipes (Fabricius 1775) [=Vespa rufipes] C85
|–‘Rygchium’ schwarzi Krombein 1962 K62
`–R. superbum Saussure 1852 C85 [=Rh. mirabile superbum C85, Rygchium superbum GS61]

Rhynchium mirabile Saussure 1852 C85 [=Rygchium mirabile C85; incl. Rh. rothi Kirby 1885 C85, Odynerus (Rhygchium) rothi C85, Pseudabispa rothi GS61]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d’Urville. Faune entomologique de l’océan Pacifique, avec l’illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[C85] Cardale, J. C. 1985. Vespoidea and Sphecoidea. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 2. Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea pp. 150–303. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

[GS61] Giordani Soika, A. 1961. Gli Odynerus sensu antiquo del continente Australiano e della Tasmania. Boll. Mus. Civ. Venezia 14: 57–202.

[K62] Krombein, K. V. 1962. Natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. XIII. Descriptions of new wasps from Plummers Island, Maryland, (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 1–18.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

[S94] Shimizu, A. 1994. Phylogeny and classification of the family Pompilidae (Hymenoptera). Tokyo Metropolitan University Bulletin of Natural History 2: 1–142.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *