Sarcoptoidea

 Ear canker mite Psoroptes cuniculi, copyright Alan R. Walker.

Belongs within: Analgoidea.
Contains: Chirodiscidae, Sarcoptidae, Cystostethum, Dasyurochirus, Murichirus.

The Sarcoptoidea are a group of mites that are found living on mammals, either as parasites or commensals. They include the Psoroptidae, which are found on the skin or in the ears of a wide variety of mammals. Psoroptids include the only astigmatine mites parasitising large eutherian mammals. The Atopomelidae are a mostly Southern Hemisphere group of fur mites, specialised for clinging to the hairs of mammals where they feed on sebaceous secretions from the host. The Rhyncoptidae are globose or elongate mites inhabiting hair follicles; heavy infestations may cause mange. Myocoptidae inhabit small marsupials and rodents and have the rear legs (both third and fourth legs in juveniles and females, and the third legs only in males) modified for grasping hairs (OConnor 2009).

Characters (from OConnor 2009): All tarsi lacking proral setae, tarsus IV lacking seta s; genu I with 0-1 solenidion (2 in Hyracoptes); pretarsus with empodium clawlike in centre of ambulacral disc or may be flattened as central sclerite in fur mites, empodium rarely absent; if ambulacral disc well developed, condylophore guide typically present at junction of ambulacral stalk and disc; pretarsus not retractable. Paraproctal chaetome with 0-3 p setae and 0 ad setae.

<==Sarcoptoidea [Psorica, Psoroptoidea]
    |--LobalgidaeK92
    |    |--EchimytricalgesO09
    |    `--Lobalges trouessartiO09
    |--Myocoptidae [Myocoptinae]K92
    |    |--Dromiciocoptes caenolestesO09
    |    |--Myocoptes Claparède 1868H98
    |    |    |--M. musculinus (Koch 1836) [=Sarcoptes musculinus]H98
    |    |    `--M. queenslandicus Fain 1986H98
    |    `--TrichoeciusO09
    |         |--T. romboutsiGHG91
    |         `--T. tenaxO09
    |--+--SarcoptidaeK92
    |  `--RhyncoptidaeK92
    |       |--UrsicoptesK92
    |       |--Saimirioptes paradoxusK92, O09
    |       |--Audycoptes [Audycoptidae]K92
    |       |--Caenolestocoptes [Caenolestocoptinae]K92
    |       |    `--C. inca Fain & Lukoschus 1976K92
    |       `--RhyncoptesK92
    |            |--R. anastosiO09
    |            `--R. grabberiO09
    |--Psoroptidae [Acaroptidae]K92
    |    |  i. s.: Acaroptes Womersley 1953H98
    |    |           |--A. vombatus Womersley 1953H98
    |    |           `--A. womersleyi Fain 1965H98
    |    |         Chorioptes Gervais & Beneden 1859H98
    |    |           |--C. bovis (Hering 1845) [=Sarcoptes bovis; incl. C. ovis (Railliet 1893)]H98
    |    |           `--C. capraeG38
    |    |         Otodectes Canestrini 1894H98
    |    |           `--O. cynotis (Hering 1838)H98 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |         Coendalges panamaensisO09
    |    |         Caparinia tripilis (Michael 1889)SL71
    |    |         HyracoptesO09
    |    |         Petauralges Fain & Lukoschus 1979H98
    |    |           |--P. mordax Domrow 1988H98
    |    |           `--P. rackae Fain & Lukoschus 1979H98
    |    |--MakialginaeK92
    |    |--CebalginaeK92
    |    |--ListropsoralginaeK92
    |    |--PsoralgesK92 [PsoralginaeO09]
    |    `--Psoroptes Gervais 1841H98 [PsoroptinaeK92]
    |         |--P. communisAL37
    |         |--P. cuniculi (Delafond 1859) (see below for synonymy)H98
    |         |--P. equi (Hering 1838) [=Sarcoptes equi]H98
    |         |--P. natalensis (Hirst 1919)SL71
    |         `--P. ovis (Hering 1838) [=Sarcoptes communis var. ovis, P. communis var. ovis]H98
    `--Atopomelidae [Atopomelinae]K92
         |--ListrocarpusO09
         |--OryzomysiaO09
         |--CytostethumO09
         |--Didelphilichus serriferO09
         |--DasyurochirusH98
         |--MurichirusH98
         |--Koalachirus Fain 1970H98
         |    `--K. perkinsi (Domrow 1958) [=Austrochirus perkinsi]H98
         |--Chirodiscoides Hirst 1917H98
         |    `--C. caviae Hirst 1917H98
         |--Atellana Domrow 1958H98
         |    `--A. papilio Donrow 1958H98
         |--Austrobius Fain 1971H98
         |    `--A. alatus Fain 1971H98
         |--Neolabidocarpus Gunther 1942H98
         |    `--N. buloloensis (Gunther 1940) [=Labidocarpus buloloensis]H98
         |--Notoryctobia Fain & Lukoschus 1981H98
         |    `--N. notoryctes Fain & Lukoschus 1981H98
         |--Procytostethum Fain 1971H98
         |    `--P. parvum (Domrow 1961) [=Cytostethum parvum]H98
         |--Sclerochiroides Fain 1970H98
         |    `--S. mirabilis Fain 1970 [=Slerochiroides (l. c.) mirabilis]H98
         |--Sclerochiropsis Fain 1972H98
         |    `--S. filmeri (Domrow 1960) [=Austrochirus filmeri]H98
         |--Campylochiropsis Fain 1972H98
         |    |--C. dolichurus (Fain 1972) [=Campylochirus dolichurus]H98
         |    `--C. micrura Fain & Domrow 1974H98
         |--Labidopygus Fain & Domrow 1973H98
         |    |--L. australiensis Fain & Domrow 1973H98
         |    `--L. squamatus Fain & Lukoschus 1981H98
         |--Petaurobia Fain 1971H98
         |    |--P. australiana Fain & Lukoschus 1981H98
         |    `--P. dactylopsila Fain 1971H98
         |--Petrogalochirus Fain 1970H98
         |    |--P. dycei (Domrow 1960) [=Austrochirus dycei]H98
         |    |--P. macropus Fain & Domrow 1974H98
         |    `--P. tasmaniensis Fain 1970H98
         |--Listrophoroides Hirst 1923 [incl. Marquesania Womersley 1943]H98
         |    |--*L. aethiopicus Hirst 1923H23
         |    |--L. cucullatus (Trouessart 1893) (see below for synonymy)H98
         |    |--L. papuanus Fain 1970H98
         |    `--L. queenslandicus (Womersley 1943) (see below for synonymy)H98
         |--Scolonoticus Fain 1971H98
         |    |--S. brevis Fain 1971H98
         |    |--S. medius Fain 1972H98
         |    |--S. petaurus Fain 1972H98
         |    `--S. quasinudus Fain & Lukoschus 1981H98
         |--Campylochirus Trouessart 1893 [incl. Cricetomysia Lawrence 1956]H98
         |    |--C. antechinus Fain 1971H98
         |    |--C. brevicepsicola Fain & Lukoschus 1981H98
         |    |--C. brevipenis Fain & Domrow 1976H98
         |    |--C. chelopus Trouessart 1893 [incl. Cricetomysia andrei Lawrence 1956]H98
         |    `--C. sthenophallus Fain & Domrow 1976H98
         `--Austrochirus Womersley 1943H98
              |--A. armatus Fain 1972H98
              |--A. dorreensis Fain & Lukoschus 1981H98
              |--A. mcmillani Domrow 1961H98
              |--A. perameles Fain 1971H98
              |--A. queenslandicus Womersley 1943 [=Campylochirus queenslandicus]H98
              `--A. squamiferus Fain 1970 [=A. squamatus (l. c.)]H98
Sarcoptoidea incertae sedis:
  GastronyssidaeO09
    |--Gastronyssus bakeriO09
    |--YunkeracarusO09
    |--Sciuracarus paraxeriO09
    |--Rodhainyssus Fain 1956H98
    |    `--R. nyctophili Fain 1967H98
    `--Opsonyssus Fain 1959H98
         |--O. asiaticus Fain 1959H98
         |--O. brutsaertiO09
         `--O. indicus Fain 1959 [=O. brutsaerti indica]H98
  ChirodiscidaeO09
  Chirorhynchobia [Chirorhynchobiidae]O09
    `--C. urodermaeO09
  Lemurnyssus [Lemurnyssidae]O09
    `--L. galagoensisO09
  Pneumocoptes [Pneumocoptidae]O09
    |--P. banksiO09
    |--P. jellisoniO09
    |--P. penroseiO09
    `--P. tiollaisiO09

Listrophoroides cucullatus (Trouessart 1893) [=Listrophorus cucullatus; incl. Listrophoroides expansus Ferris 1932, Marquesania expansa]H98

Listrophoroides queenslandicus (Womersley 1943) [=Marquesania expansa var. queenslandica; incl. L. australiae Fain 1970]H98

Otodectes cynotis (Hering 1838)H98 [=Sarcoptes cynotisH98; incl. O. cynotis var. catiH23, Chorioptes ecaudatusAL37, O. cynotis var. furonisH23]

Psoroptes cuniculi (Delafond 1859) [=Dermatodectes cuniculi, P. communis var. cuniculi; incl. P. caprae (Railliet 1893), P. hippotis Railliet & Henry 1920, P. hippoti (l. c.)]H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AL37] André, M., & É. Lamy. 1937. Les Idées actuelles sur la Phylogénie des Acariens. Published by the author: Paris.

[GHG91] Gállego, M., E. Hidalgo & J. Ginés. 1991. Mites of the house mouse, Mus musculus L., in the north-eastern part of the Iberian Peninsula in Spain. In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies pp. 453–454. Chapman & Hall: London.

[G38] Grandjean, F. 1938. Observations sur les Acaridiae (1re série). Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 63: 214–224.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H23] Hirst, S. 1923. On some new or little-known species of Acari. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1923: 971–1000.

[K92] Klompen, J. S. H. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships in the mite family Sarcoptidae (Acari: Astigmata). Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 180: i–vi, 1–154.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 565–657. Texas Tech University Press.

[SL71] Spain, A. V., & M. Luxton. 1971. Catalog and bibliography of the Acari of the New Zealand subregion. Pacific Insects Monograph 25: 179–226.

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