Scathophaga

Yellow dung fly Scathophaga stercoraria, copyright Ryszard.

Belongs within: Scathophagidae.

Scathophaga is a genus of flies with adults predaceous on other insects and larvae primarily feeding on decaying matter such as dung, rotting seaweed or carrion (Vockeroth 2010).

Characters (from Vockeroth 2010): Palpus with several apical bristles about one-quarter as long as palpus; anepisternum almost completely haired; postcoxal bridge present or absent; scutellum with four bristles; vein R1 bare; posteroventral apical bristle of tibia at most one-quarter as long as anteroventral apical bristle.

<==Scathophaga Meigen 1803 [incl. Scopeuma Meigen 1800 (nom. rej.)]F92
| i. s.: S. aldrichiV10
| S. amplipennis Portschinsky 1887 [=Scatophaga amplipennis]F92
| S. apicalisV87
| S. gigantea Aldrich 1932 [=Scatophaga gigantea]F92
| S. intermediaV87
| S. mellipes Coquillett 1899 [=Scatophaga mellipes; incl. Scatophaga chinensis Malloch 1935]F92
| S. mollisV87
| S. resesV10
| S. scybalaria (Linnaeus 1758) [=Musca scybalaria]F92
|--+--S. obscuraKP10
| `--S. tinctinervisKP10
`--+--+--S. stercoraria (Linnaeus 1758)KP10, F92 (see below for synonymy)
| |--S. pictipennisKP10
| |--+--S. calidaKP10
| | `--Ceratinostoma ostiorumKP10
| `--+--S. tropicalisKP10
| `--+--S. furcataKP10
| `--+--+--S. incolaKP10
| | |--S. suilla (Fabriciuys 1794)KP10, F92 [=Musca suillaF92]
| | `--S. taeniopa (Rondani 1887)KP10, F92 [=Scatophaga taeniopaF92; incl. Scatophaga ordinata Becker 1894F92]
| `--+--S. cinerariaKP10
| `--+--S. lutariaKP10
| `--+--S. analisKP10
| `--S. inquinataKP10
`--+--S. litoreaKP10
`--+--SpaziphoraKP10
| |--S. cinctaKP10
| `--S. hydromyzinaKP10
`--+--+--ChaetosaKP10
| | |--C. palpalisKP10
| | `--C. punctipesKP10
| `--TrichopalpusKP10
| |--T. fraternaKP10
| |--T. obscurellaV87
| `--T. obscurusF15
`--+--AcanthocnemaKP10
| |--A. albibarbaV87
| |--A. (Clinoceroides) capillataV87
| `--A. glaucescensKP10
`--+--MicroprosopaKP10
| |--M. haemorrhoidalisV87
| `--M. pallidicaudaKP10
`--PogonotaKP10
|--P. sahlbergiKP10
`--+--P. barbataKP10
`--OkeniellaKP10
|--O. caudataKP10
`--O. dasyproctaV87

Scathophaga stercoraria (Linnaeus 1758)KP10, F92 [=Musca stercorariaF92, Scopeuma stercorariumI92; incl. M. merdaria Fabricius 1794F92, *Scathophaga merdariaF92]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[F15] Ferguson, E. W. 1915. Descriptions of new Australian blood-sucking flies belonging to the family Leptidae. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 69: 233–243.

[I92] Imes, R. 1992. The Practical Entomologist. Aurum Press: London.

[KP10] Kutty, S. N., T. Pape, B. M. Wiegmann & R. Meier. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) with an emphasis on the superfamily Oestroidea and the position of Mystacinobiidae and McAlpine’s fly. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.

[V87] Vockeroth, J. R. 1987. Scathophagidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1085–1097. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[V10] Vockeroth, J. R. 2010. Scathophagidae (dung flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1267–1269. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

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