Scathophaga

Yellow dung fly Scathophaga stercoraria, copyright Ryszard.
Belongs within: Scathophagidae.

Scathophaga is a genus of flies with adults predaceous on other insects and larvae primarily feeding on decaying matter such as dung, rotting seaweed or carrion (Vockeroth 2010).

Characters (from Vockeroth 2010): Palpus with several apical bristles about one-quarter as long as palpus; anepisternum almost completely haired; postcoxal bridge present or absent; scutellum with four bristles; vein R1 bare; posteroventral apical bristle of tibia at most one-quarter as long as anteroventral apical bristle.

<==Scathophaga Meigen 1803 [incl. Scopeuma Meigen 1800 (nom. rej.)] F92
|  i. s.: S. aldrichi V10
|         S. amplipennis Portschinsky 1887 [=Scatophaga amplipennis] F92
|         S. apicalis V87
|         S. gigantea Aldrich 1932 [=Scatophaga gigantea] F92
|         S. intermedia V87
|         S. mellipes Coquillett 1899 [=Scatophaga mellipes; incl. Scatophaga chinensis Malloch 1935] F92
|         S. mollis V87
|         S. reses V10
|         S. scybalaria (Linnaeus 1758) [=Musca scybalaria] F92
|–+–S. obscura KP10
|  `–S. tinctinervis KP10
`–+–+–S. stercoraria (Linnaeus 1758) KP10, F92 (see below for synonymy)
|  |–S. pictipennis KP10
|  |–+–S. calida KP10
|  |  `–Ceratinostoma ostiorum KP10
|  `–+–S. tropicalis KP10
|     `–+–S. furcata KP10
|        `–+–+–S. incola KP10
|           |  |–S. suilla (Fabriciuys 1794) KP10, F92 [=Musca suilla F92]
|           |  `–S. taeniopa (Rondani 1887) KP10, F92 (see below for synonymy)
|           `–+–S. cineraria KP10
|              `–+–S. lutaria KP10
|                 `–+–S. analis KP10
|                    `–S. inquinata KP10
`–+–S. litorea KP10
`–+–Spaziphora KP10
|    |–S. cincta KP10
|    `–S. hydromyzina KP10
`–+–+–Chaetosa KP10
|  |    |–C. palpalis KP10
|  |    `–C. punctipes KP10
|  `–Trichopalpus KP10
|       |–T. fraterna KP10
|       |–T. obscurella V87
|       `–T. obscurus F15
`–+–Acanthocnema KP10
|    |–A. albibarba V87
|    |–A. (Clinoceroides) capillata V87
|    `–A. glaucescens KP10
`–+–Microprosopa KP10
|    |–M. haemorrhoidalis V87
|    `–M. pallidicauda KP10
`–Pogonota KP10
|–P. sahlbergi KP10
`–+–P. barbata KP10
`–Okeniella KP10
|–O. caudata KP10
`–O. dasyprocta V87

Scathophaga stercoraria (Linnaeus 1758) KP10, F92 [=Musca stercoraria F92, Scopeuma stercorarium I92; incl. M. merdaria Fabricius 1794 F92, *Scathophaga merdaria F92]

Scathophaga taeniopa (Rondani 1887) KP10, F92 [=Scatophaga taeniopa F92; incl. Scatophaga ordinata Becker 1894 F92]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[F15] Ferguson, E. W. 1915. Descriptions of new Australian blood-sucking flies belonging to the family Leptidae. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 69: 233–243.

[I92] Imes, R. 1992. The Practical Entomologist. Aurum Press: London.

[KP10] Kutty, S. N., T. Pape, B. M. Wiegmann & R. Meier. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) with an emphasis on the superfamily Oestroidea and the position of Mystacinobiidae and McAlpine’s fly. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.

[V87] Vockeroth, J. R. 1987. Scathophagidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1085–1097. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[V10] Vockeroth, J. R. 2010. Scathophagidae (dung flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1267–1269. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

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