European serin Serinus serinus, copyright Luis García.

Belongs within: Carduelinae.

Serinus, the canaries, is a genus of finches found in Europe and Africa. Members of this genus have yellowish or greenish streaked plumage. The best known species is the canary Serinus canaria, widely kept around the world as a cage bird; domestic forms of this species have commonly been bred to be entirely yellow in coloration.

<==Serinus Koch 1816 [Serininae]M02
    |--+--S. serinus (Linnaeus 1766)JT12, ZP-J12 [=Fringilla serinusZP-J12; incl. *S. hortulanus Koch 1816ZP-J12]
    |  `--S. canaria (Linnaeus 1758)JT12, CC10 [=Fringilla canariaCC10, S. canarius (l. c.)CC10]
    `--+--+--S. pusillus (Pallas 1811)JT12, ZP-J12
       |  `--S. syriacus Bonaparte 1850ZP-J12
       `--+--S. alario (Linnaeus 1758)JT12, ZP-J12 [=Alario alarioBKB15]
          `--+--S. canicollis (Swainson 1838)JT12, ZP-J12
             `--S. flavivertex (Blanford 1869)JT12, S05 [=S. canicollis flavivertexS05]
Serinus incertae sedis:
  S. ankoberensisJT12
  S. buchananiJT12
  S. butyracea [=Crithagra butyracea]L81
  S. donaldsoniJT12
  S. flavigulaJT12
  S. frontalisJT12
  S. icterus [incl. Crithagra chrysopyga]S66
  S. koliensisJT12
  S. leucopterusJT12
  S. melanochrousJT12
  S. menachensisJT12
  S. nigriceps Rüppell 1840S05
  S. rothschildiJT12
  S. symonsiJT12
  S. tristriatusJT12
  S. xantholaemusJT12
  S. xanthopygius Rüppell 1840JT12, S05 [=S. atrogularis xanthopygiusS05]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[S66] Schlegel, H. 1866. Communication from, on mammals and birds collected in Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 419–426.

[S05] Steinheimer, F. D. 2005. Eduard Rüppel’s avian types at the Natural History Museum, Tring (Aves). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 233–264.

[ZP-J12] Zuccon, D., R. Prŷs-Jones, P. C. Rasmussen & P. G. P. Ericson. 2012. The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 581–596.

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