Greater weever Trachinus draco, copyright Philippe Guillaume.

Belongs within: Percomorpharia.
Contains: Anthiidae, Epinephelidae, Serranidae, Triglimorpha, Notothenioidei, Percidae.

The Serraniformes are a clade of fishes united by molecular data, uniting the Percidae and Serranidae sensu lato with taxa historically classified as Scorpaeniformes, Gasterosteiformes, etc.

<==Serraniformes [Grammistidae, Grammistinae, Notothenioidea, Notothenioidi]LM13
    |  i. s.: TrachypomaSC07
    |         Apistus Cuvier 1828S57 [incl. Polemius Kaup 1858S57, Pterichthys Swainson 1839S57; ApistidaeB-RB13, Apistinae]
    |           `--A. carinatus (Bloch 1801) (see below for synonymy)S57
    |         EschmeyeridaeB-RB13
    |         PerryenidaeB-RB13
    |  `--EpinephelidaeLM13
       |  `--TriglimorphaLM13
          |  `--BembropidaeLM13
          |       |--BembropsLM13 [incl. HypsicometesR13]
          |       |    |--B. anatirostrisND13
          |       |    |--B. gobioidesND13
          |       |    `--B. heterurusSC07
          |       `--ChrionemaR13
          `--+--Niphon [Niphonidae]ND13
             |    `--N. spinosus Cuvier 1828LD09
                  |  i. s.: Percoideorum pseudochanda Nolf & Dockery 1990P93
                  |         Proserranus lundensis (Davis 1850)P93
                  |         Eoserranus hislopi Woodward 1908P93
                  `--Trachinidae [Trachininae]B-RB13
                       |--Echiichthys vipera (Cuvier 1829)LD09
                       |    |--C. recticaudus Agassiz 1838P93
                       |    `--C. speciosus Agassiz 1838P93
                       `--Trachinus Linnaeus 1758L58
                            |--*T. draco Linnaeus 1758L58
                            |--T. collignoniSC07
                            `--T. radiatusPP89

Apistus carinatus (Bloch 1801) [=Scorpaena carinata; incl. *A. alatus Cuvier 1829, A. evolans Jordan & Starks 1904, A. faurei Gilchrist & Thompson 1908, A. israelitarum Ehrenberg 1829, A. macrolepidotus Ogilby 1910, A. venenans Jordan & Starks 1904, A. warrahminoo Russell 1803]S57

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B-RB13] Betancur-R., R., R. E. Broughton, E. O. Wiley, K. Carpenter, A. López, C. Li, N. I. Holcroft, D. Arcila, M. Sanciangco, J. C. Cureton, II, F. Zhang, T. Buser, M. A. Campbell, J. A. Ballesteros, A. Roa-Varon, S. Willis, W. C. Borden, T. Rowley, P. C. Reneau, D. J. Hough, G. Lu, T. Grande, G. Arratia & G. Ortí. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLoS Currents Tree of Life April 18 2013. doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288.

[LM13] Lautredou, A.-C., H. Motomura, C. Gallut, C. Ozouf-Costaz, C. Cruaud, G. Lecointre & A. Dettai. 2013. New nuclear markers and exploration of the relationships among Serraniformes (Acanthomorpha, Teleostei): the importance of working at multiple scales. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 140–155.

[LD09] Li, B., A. Dettaï, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, M. Desoutter-Meniger & G. Lecointre. 2009. RNF213, a new nuclear marker for acanthomorph phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50: 345–363.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[ND13] Near, T. J., A. Dornburg, R. I. Eytan, B. P. Keck, W. L. Smith, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, S. A. Price, F. T. Burbrink, M. Friedman & P. C. Wainwright. 2013. Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-rayed fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110 (31): 12738–12743.

[PP89] Parona, C., & A. Perugia. 1889. Res Ligusticae. VIII.—Di alcuni Trematodi ectoparasiti di pesci marini. Nota preventiva. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 740–747.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[R13] Regan, C. T. 1913. The classification of the percoid fishes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 8, 12: 111–145.

[S57] Smith, J. L. B. 1957. The fishes of the family Scorpaenidae in the western Indian Ocean. Part II. The subfamilies Pteroinae, Apistinae, Setarchinae and Sebastinae. Ichthyological Bulletin 5: 75–88.

[SC07] Smith, W. L., & M. T. Craig. 2007. Casting the percomorph net widely: the importance of broad taxonomic sampling in the search for the placement of serranid and percid fishes. Copeia 2007 (1): 35–55.

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