Lake Biwa giant catfish Silurus biwaensis, copyright Kenpei.

Belongs within: Siluriformes.

The Siluridae, sheatfishes, are an Old World group of catfishes in which the dorsal fin is small or absent and the adipose fin is absent. The wels Silurus glanis of Europe is among the largest of freshwater fishes, reaching weights of over 130 kg (Bond 1996).

    |  i. s.: Wallagonia attuB96
    |         Wallago attuSLH06, DR72
    |         Hemisilurus moolenberghiSLH06
    |         Micronema apogonSLH06
    |         Kryptopterus minorSLH06
    |         RitaJR10
    |           |--R. manillensisJR10
    |           `--R. ritaSLH06
    |--Callophysus [Callophysinae]F15
    |    `--C. macropterusF15
    |--Torpedo [Torpedininae]F15
    |    `--T. electricusF15
    |    |--Porcus bajadF15
    |    |--Bagroides melapterusF15
    |    `--HypselobagrusF15
    |         |--H. cavasiusF15
    |         |--H. micracanthusF15
    |         `--H. nigricepsF15
         |--Physailia villiersi Boulenger 1912F15
         |--Ansorgia vittata Boulenger 1912F15
         |    |--P. anomalaSLH06
         |    `--P. gangeticusF15
         |    |--E. depressirostrisF15
         |    `--E. seraoi Boulenger 1910F15
         `--Silurus Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. anguillaris Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. ascita Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. asotus Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. aspredo Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. auritusCS77
              |--S. batrachus Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. biwaensisT90
              |--S. callichthys Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. cataphractus Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. catus Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. clarias Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. costatus Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. glanis Linnaeus 1758SE08
              |--S. lithophilusT90
              |--S. militaris Linnaeus 1758L58
              |--S. mystus Linnaeus 1758L58
              `--S. undecimalis Linnaeus 1758L58

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B96] Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of Fishes 2nd ed. Saunders College Publishing: Fort Worth.

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[DR72] Desai, V. R., & K. J. Rao. 1972. A note on the location of breeding pits of Mystus seenghala (Sykes) in Jamonia Tank near Bhopal. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (1): 199–202.

[F15] Fowler, H. W. 1915. Notes on nematognathous fishes. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 203–243.

[JR10] Jordan, D. S., & R. E. Richardson. 1910. Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine archipelago. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[SE08] Sevcsik, A., & T. Erös. 2008. A revised catalogue of freshwater fishes of Hungary and the neighbouring countries in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Pisces). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 100: 331–383.

[SLH06] Sullivan, J. P., J. G. Lundberg & M. Hardman. 2006. A phylogenetic analysis of the major groups of catfishes (Teleostei: Siluriformes) using rag1 and rag2 nuclear gene sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: 636–662.

[T90] Taguchi, S. 1990. Nihon no Sakana. Kogakukan: Tokyo.

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