Siratus

Siratus senegalensis, copyright Manuel Caballer.
Belongs within: Muricidae.

Siratus is a genus of muricid gastropods found in the western Atlantic, characterised by shells with three spinose varices, a long, dorsally deflected siphonal canal, no labral tooth, and usually a pattern of brown and white spiral bands (Vokes 1990).

<==Siratus Jousseaume 1880 V90
|–S. senegalensis (Gmelin 1791) S11 (see below for synonymy)
|–S. articulatus (Reeve 1845) [=Chicoreus (Siratus) articulatus; incl. Murex finlayi Clench 1955] BC01
|–S. beauii (Fischer & Bernardi 1857) S11
|–S. cailleti (Petit de la Saussaye 1856) [=Chicoreus (Siratus) cailleti] V90
|    |–S. c. cailleti V90
|    `–S. c. kugleri (Clench & Pérez Farfante 1945) [=Chicoreus (Siratus) cailleti kugleri] V90
|–S. carolynae (Vokes 1990) [=Chicoreus (Siratus) carolynae] V90
|–S. coltrotum (Vokes 1990) [=Chicoreus (Siratus) coltrotum] V90
|–S. consuela (Verrill 1950) V90 (see below for synonymy)
|–S. domingensis (Sowerby 1850) [=Murex domingensis, Chicoreus (Siratus) domingensis] V90
|–S. formosus (Sowerby 1841) S11
|–S. motacilla (Gmelin 1791) [=Chicoreus (Siratus) motacilla] V90
|–S. springeri (Bullis 1964) [=Murex springeri, Chicoreus (Siratus) springeri] BC01
|–S. tenuivaricosus (Dautzenberg 1927) S11
`–S. thompsoni (Bullis 1964) [=Murex thompsoni, Chicoreus (Siratus) thompsoni] BC01

Siratus consuela (Verrill 1950) V90 [=Murex pulcher consuela BC01, Chicoreus (Siratus) consuela V90; incl. M. pulcher Adams 1853 nec Sowerby 1813 nec DeFrance 1827 V90]

Siratus senegalensis (Gmelin 1791) S11 [=Murex senegalensis V90; incl. Purpura sirat Adanson 1757 (pre-Linnaean) RA75, *Siratus sirat V90]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[RA75] Radwin, G. E., & A. D’Attilio. 1975. A catalogue of muricacean generic taxa. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 17 (20): 279–292.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[V90] Vokes, E. H. 1990. Two new species of Chicoreus subgenus Siratus (Gastropoda: Muricidae) from northeastern Brazil. Nautilus 103 (4): 124–130.

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