Sitona

Pea weevil Sitona lineatus, copyright Sam Ebdon.

Belongs within: Entiminae.

Sitona is a genus of weevils associated with herbaceous species of Fabaceae (Anderson 2002).

Characters (from Anderson 2002): Mandible large, hemispherical externally, inner surface slightly cupped; surface of mandible densely squamate except narrow median edge glabrous; mandible without deciduous process; bccal cavity large, maxillary palpus fully or mostly exposed; scrobes lateral; rostrum similar to head in length and width; anterior edge of prothorax straight laterally, not lobed beneath eye.

<==Sitona Germar 1817 (see below for synonymy)A02
    |--*S. gressorius [=Curculio gressorius]M94
    |--S. californicusBM76
    |--S. crinitusC01
    |--S. cylindricollis (Fahraeus 1840)A02
    |--S. discoideus Gyllenhal in Schoenherr 1834M94
    |--S. flavescensC01
    |--S. foedusC01
    |--S. fuscaW41
    |--S. hispidulus (Fabricius 1776)A02
    |--S. lateralisC01
    |--S. lineatus (Linnaeus 1758)A02
    |--S. ocellatus Küster 1849HF03
    |--S. suturalisC01
    `--S. tibialisC01

Sitona Germar 1817 [=Sitones Schoenherr 1840; incl. Charagmus Schoenherr 1826, Clyptus Villa & Villa 1833, Coelositona González 1971, Parasitones Sharp 1896, Sitonidius Mueller 1913]A02

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A02] Anderson, R. S. 2002. Curculionidae Latreille 1802. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 722–815. CRC Press.

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[HF03] Halperin, J., & J. Fremuth. 2003. Contribution to the knowledge of Curculionoidea (Coleoptera) and their host plants in Israel. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 93–100.

[M94] May, B. M. 1994. An introduction to the immature stages of Australian Curculionoidea. In: Zimmerman, E. C. Australian Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) vol. 2. Brentidae, Eurhynchidae, Apionidae and a chapter on immature stages by Brenda May pp. 365–728. CSIRO Australia.

[W41] Waterhouse, G. R. 1841. Descriptions of some new coleopterous insects from the southern parts of S. America, collected by C. Darwin, Esq., and T. Bridges, Esq. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 9: 105–128.

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