Smaridinae

Fessonia papillosa, photographed by Pfliegler Walter.

Belongs within: Erythraeoidea.

The Smaridinae are a group of predatory mites with a deeply retractable gnathosoma and sensillary areas well behind the eyes. Members of the genus Smaris possess dorsal and ventral shields on the idiosoma, obliterating the crista, whereas such shields are absent in the genera Kraussiana and Fessonia. A distinct crista is present in Fessonia whereas Kraussiana possesses anterior and posterior sensillary areas on the idiosomal dorsum but lacks a crista between them (Southcott 1961).

Characters (from Southcott 1961): Adults and nymphs with eyes anterior to both sensillary areas. Sensillary areas well behind nasus. Two eyes on each side.

<==Smaridinae [Fessoniinae]S61
    |--Kraussiana Southcott 1961S61
    |    |--*K. brevicristata (Meyer & Ryke 1959) [=Fessonia brevicristata]S61
    |    `--K. mitsukoae Shiba 1976S76
    |--Fessonia von Heyden 1826 [incl. Aecosmaris (l. c.), Oecosmaris Grandjean 1947]S61
    |    |--*F. papillosa (Hermann 1804)S61 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--F. australiensis Southcott 1946H98
    |    |--F. callitricha (Grandjean 1947)S61 [=*Oecosmaris callitrichaG47a]
    |    `--F. taylori Southcott 1961H98
    `--Smaris Latreille 1796H98 (see below for synonymy)
         |--S. squamata (Hermann 1804)S61 (see below for synonymy)
         |--S. arenicola Southcott 1997H98
         |--S. biscutatus Meyer & Ryke 1959S61
         |--S. cooperi Southcott 1961H98
         |--‘Smaridia’ depilata Berlese 1888 [=*Samouella depilata]S61
         |--S. grandjeani (Oudemans 1941)E-VVM-M07, S61 [=*Leuchsia grandjeaniS61]
         |--S. lanceolataE-VVM-M07
         |--S. philopempta (Grandjean 1947) [=*Sclerosmaris philopempta]S61
         |--S. prominens (Banks 1916)H98 [=Fessonia prominensH98, Calyptostoma prominensH98, Sclerosmaris prominensG47b]
         |--*Veithia’ schneideri (n. d.)S61
         |--‘Smaridia’ scopulaT05
         `--‘Smaridia’ vestita Gervais 1849 (n. d.) [=Leuchsia vestita]S61

*Fessonia papillosa (Hermann 1804)S61 [=Trombidium papillosumS61, Oecosmaris papillosaG47a, Rhyncholophus papillosusS61, Smaridia papillosaS61, Smaris papillosumG47a]

Smaris Latreille 1796H98 [incl. Dugesia Berlese 1883 non Girard 1850S61, Leuchsia Oudemans 1941S61, Samouella Oudemans 1941S61, Sclerosmaris Grandjean 1947S61, Smaridia Latreille 1817S61, Smariidia (l. c.)S61, Veithia Oudemans 1941S61]

Smaris squamata (Hermann 1804)S61 [=Trombidium squamatumS61, Dugesia squamataS61, Rhyncholophus squamatusS61, Smaridia squamataS61, Smaridia squammatum (l. c.)S61, Dugesia impressa Berlese 1883 nec Koch 1837 nec Canestrini 1882S61; incl. Smaris latreillei Grandjean 1947S61, Sclerosmaris latreilleiS61, Acarus sambuci Latreille 1796 non Schranck 1781S61, Phthirium sambuciG20, Smaridia sambuciS61, *Smaris sambuciS61]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[E-VVM-M07] Estrada-Venegas, E. G., I. M. Vázquez & J. A. Moreno-Moreno. 2007. Prostigmatid mites (Acarida: Prostigmata) in decaying wood from “La Mancha” Veracruz, Mexico. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 691–695. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[G47a] Grandjean, F. 1947a. Étude sur les Smarisidae et quelques autres érythroïdes (Acariens). Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale 85 (1): 1–126.

[G47b] Grandjean, F. 1947b. Au sujet des erythroïdes. Bulletin du Muséum, 2e série, 19 (4): 327–334.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[S76] Shiba, M. 1976. Taxonomic investigation on free-living Prostigmata from the Malay Peninsula. Nature and Life in Southeast Asia 7: 83–229.

[S61] Southcott, R. V. 1961. Studies on the systematics and biology of the Erythraeoidea (Acarina), with a critical revision of the genera and subfamilies. Australian Journal of Zoology 9: 367–610.

[T05] Trägårdh, I. 1905. Monographie der arktischen Acariden. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 1–78. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

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