Spalacidae

 Middle East blind mole rat Spalax ehrenbergi, photographed by Bassem18.

Belongs within: Rhizomyoidea.

The Spalacinae are the blind mole rats, burrowing rodents found in the Mediterranean region. Blind mole rats have small eyes that are covered with skin, and use their robust incisors rather than their feet for digging and their head, with the nose protected by a broad horny pad, for shifting soil (Vaughan et al. 2011).

Spalacidae [Spalacinae]
|--Pliospalax Kormos 1932P04
| |--P. compositidontusP04
| |--P. macoveii (Simionescu 1930) [incl. Spalax sotirisi De Bruijn, Dawson & Mein 1970]P04
| |--P. odessanus (Topacevsky 1969)P04
| `--P. tourkobounensis De Bruijn & Van der Meulen 1975P04
`--SpalaxB74
| i. s.: S. typhlusT66
|--+--S. ehrenbergiFS15
| `--+--S. leucodonFS15
| `--S. nehringiFS15
`--+--S. graecusFS15
`--+--S. microphthalmusFS15
| |--S. m. microphthalmusBP87
| `--S. m. arenariusBP87
`--+--S. zemniFS15
`--+--S. arenariusFS15
`--S. giganteusFS15

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B74] Bugge, J. 1974. The cephalic arterial system in insectivores, primates, rodents and lagomorphs, with special reference to the systematic classification. Acta Anatomica 87 (Suppl. 62): 1–160.

[BP87] Burton, J. A., & B. Pearson. 1987. Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Collins: London.

[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[P04] Popov, V. V. 2004. Pliocene small mammals (Mammalia, Lipotyphla, Chiroptera, Lagomorpha, Rodentia) from Muselievo (north Bulgaria). Geodiversitas 26 (3): 403–491.

[T66] Tristram, H. B. 1866. Report on the mammals of Palestine. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 84–93.

Vaughan, T. A., J. M. Ryan & N. J. Czaplewski. 2011. Mammalogy. Jones and Bartlett Learning.

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