Spelerpinae

Cave salamander Eurycea lucifuga, copyright John P. Clare.

Belongs within: Plethodontidae.

The Spelerpinae are a clade of lungless salamanders found in eastern North America.

<==SpelerpinaeFG06
| i. s.: Spelerpes Rafinesque 1832FG06
|--+--+--Stereochilus Cope 1869PW11, FG06
| | | `--S. marginatus (Hallowell 1856)W08
| | `--Pseudotriton Taylor 1944PW11, FG06
| | |--P. montanus Baird 1849W08
| | `--P. ruber (Latreille 1801)W08
| `--Gyrinophilus Cope 1869PW11, FG06
| | i. s.: G. danielsiMH96
| | G. subterraneus Besharse & Holsinger 1977S86
| |--G. porphyriticus (Green 1827)PW11, W08
| `--+--G. gulolineatus Brandon 1965PW11, S86 [=G. palleucus gulolineatusS86]
| `--G. palleucus McCrady 1954PW11, S86
| |--G. p. palleucusS86
| `--G. p. necturoides Lazell & Brandon 1962S86
`--+--Urspelerpes bruceiPW11
`--Eurycea Rafinesque 1822PW11, FG06 (see below for synonymy)
| i. s.: ‘Typhlomolge’ robusta Longley 1978S86
|--+--E. multiplicata (Cope 1869)PW11, W08
| `--+--E. spelaea (Stejneger 1892)PW11, S86 [=Typhlotriton spelaeusS86]
| `--E. tynerensisPW11
`--+--+--+--E. wallacei (Carr 1939)FG06 [=Haideotriton wallaceiPW11]
| | `--+--E. longicauda (Green 1818)PW11, W08
| | `--E. lucifuga Rafinesque 1822PW11, W08
| `--+--E. cirrigera (Green 1831)PW11, W08
| `--+--E. wilderae Dunn 1920PW11, W08
| `--+--E. bislineataPW11
| `--+--E. aquaticaPW11
| `--E. junaluska Severet et al. 1976PW11, W08
`--+--E. quadridigitata (Holbrook 1842)PW11, W08
`--+--+--E. naufragiaPW11
| `--+--E. chisholemsisPW11
| `--E. tonkawaePW11
`--+--+--E. rathbuni (Stejneger 1896)PW11, S86 [=Typhlomolge rathbuniS86]
| `--E. waterlooensisPW11
`--+--E. troglodytes Baker 1957PW11, S86
`--+--E. nanaPW11
|--E. sosorumPW11
`--+--E. latitans Smith & Potter 1946PW11, S86
|--E. neotenes Bishop & Wright 1938PW11, S86
|--E. pterophilaPW11
`--E. tridentifera Mitchell & Reddell 1965PW11, S86

Eurycea Rafinesque 1822PW11, FG06 [incl. Haideotriton Carr 1939FG06, Typhlomolge Stejneger 1896FG06, Typhlotriton Stejneger 1892FG06; Typhlomolgidae]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[FG06] Frost, D. R., T. Grant, J. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. F. B. Haddad, R. O. de Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green & W. C. Wheeler. 2006. The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370.

[MH96] Miller, S. A., & J. P. Harley. 1996. Zoology 3rd ed. Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

[PW11] Pyron, R. A., & J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.

[S86] Sweet, S. S. 1986. Caudata. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 734–740. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[W08] Warburg, M. R. 2008. Temporal variations in body dimensions followed for 25 years in a breeding population of adult salamanders, with a partial review on other Urodela (Amphibia, Urodela, Salamandridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 81–101.

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