Female (left) and male Spinturnix myoti, copyright François Biollaz.

Belongs within: Gamasina.

The Spinturnicidae are a group of mites parasitic on bats. They are most commonly found on the bare wing and tail membranes of the host (Estrada-Peña & Sánchez 1991). Spinturnicids are commonly very host-specific, each mite species restricted to a single host species. The larval stage of the life cycle has been suppressed with the viviparous females giving birth directly to protonymphs (Evans & Till 1979).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Male chelicera with spermatodactyl. Tritosternum absent or represented by tritosternal base remnant. Sternal setae inserted at margins of reduced sternal shield or in integument bordering it; epigynal shield narrowed or otherwise reduced, with or without setae. Tibia and genu I each with two anterolateral setae.

<==Spinturnicidae [Spinturnicinae]
    |--Paraspinturnix globosusWP99
    |--Eyndhovenia Rudnick 1960H98
    |    `--*E. euryalis (Canestrini 1884)ET79 [=Pteroptus euryalisH98, Spinturnix euryalisH98]
    |--Paraperiglischrus Rudnick 1960H98
    |    `--*P. rhinolophinus (Koch 1841)ET79 [=Pteroptus rhinolophinusH98]
    |--Sommatericola Trägårdh 1905T05
    |    `--*S. levinseni Trägårdh 1905T05
    |--Mesoperiglischrus Dusbábek 1968M-M01
    |    |--*M. nyctiellinus Dusbábek 1968M-M01
    |    `--M. natali (Furman 1966) [=Periglischrus natali]M-M01
    |    |--A. aethiopicus Hirst 1923H23
    |    |--A. mulleriH23
    |    `--A. zelebori Kolenati 1856H23
    |    |--C. elongatusM-M96
    |    |--C. strandtmanniM-M96
    |    `--C. thomasiE-PS91
    |--Meristaspis Kolenati 1857H98
    |    |--M. calcarata (Hirst 1923)H98 [=Ancystropus (Meristaspis) calcaratusH23, Spinturnix calcaratusH98]
    |    |--M. jordaniE-PS91
    |    |--M. lateralis (Kolenati 1856) [=Pteropus lateralis, Ancystropus (Meristaspis) lateralis]H23
    |    |--M. macroglossi (Hirst 1923)H98 [=Ancystropus (Meristaspis) macroglossiH23, Spinturnix macroglossiH98]
    |    `--M. mindanaoensis Delfinado & Baker 1963H98
    |--Spinturnix von Heyden 1826H98 [incl. Diplostaspis Kolenati 1857ET79, Pteroptus Dufour 1832ET79]
    |    |--*S. myoti (Kolenati 1856) [=Pteroptus myoti]ET79
    |    |--S. americanusM-M96
    |    |--S. eptesici Domrow 1972H98
    |    |--S. kolenatiiE-PS91
    |    |--S. loricata Domrow 1972H98
    |    |--S. mexicanusM-M96
    |    |--S. nepalensisE-PS91
    |    |--S. novaehollandiae Hirst 1931 [=S. novaehollandae (l. c.); incl. S. antipodianus Hirst 1931]H98
    |    |--S. orriM-M96
    |    |--S. paracuminatusE-PS91
    |    |--S. plecotinusE-PS91
    |    |--S. psi (Kolenati 1856) [=Pteroptus psi]H98
    |    |--S. queenslandicus Prasad 1969E-PS91, H98
    |    |--S. vespertilionisKK54
    |    `--S. wilssoniE-PS91
    `--Periglischrus Kolenati 1857E57
         |  i. s.: P. interruptus (Kolenati 1856) (see below for synonymy)H23
         |         P. leptosternus Morales-Malacara & López-Ortega 2001L-MJ-GM-M07
         |--+--*P. caligus Kolenati 1857E57, M-M01
         |  |--P. cubanus Dusbábek 1968M-M01
         |  |--P. herrerai Machado-Allison 1965M-M01
         |  |--P. hopkinsi Machado-Allison 1965M-M01
         |  |--P. iheringi Oudemans 1902M-M01
         |  |--P. ojastii Machado-Allison 1964M-M01
         |  |--P. paracaligus Herrin & Tipton 1975M-M01
         |  |--P. paravargasi Herrin & Tipton 1975M-M01
         |  `--P. vargasi Hoffmann 1944M-M01
         `--+--P. acutisternus Machado-Allison 1964M-M01
            |--P. delfinadoae Dusbábek 1968M-M01
            |--P. dusbabeki Machado-Allison & Antequera 1971M-M01
            |--P. gameroi Machado-Allison & Antequera 1971M-M01
            |--P. grandisoma Herrin & Tipton 1975M-M01
            |--P. micronycteridis Furman 1966M-M01
            |--P. paracutisternus Machado-Allison & Antequera 1971M-M01
            |--P. paratorrealbai Herrin & Tipton 1975M-M01
            |--P. parvus Machado-Allison 1964M-M01
            |--P. ramirezi Machado-Allison & Antequera 1971M-M01
            |--P. tonatii Herrin & Tipton 1975M-M01
            `--P. torrealbai Machado-Allison 1965M-M01

Periglischrus interruptus (Kolenati 1856) [=Pteroptus interruptus; incl. Pe. glutinimargo Kolenati 1858, Pt. hipposideros Kolenati 1856, Pe. hipposideros]H23

*Type species of generic name indicated


[E-PS91] Estrada-Peña, A., & N. Sánchez. 1991. Dorsal setal distribution and homologies in several species of mites of the family Spinturnicidae (Mesostigmata). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 141–146. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[E57] Evans, G. O. 1957. An introduction to the British Mesostigmata (Acarina) with keys to families and genera. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 43: 203–259.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FA67] Fain, A., G. Anastos, J. Camin & D. Johnston. 1967. Notes on the genus Spelaeorhynchus description of S. praecursor Neumann and of two new species. Acarologia 9 (3): 535–556.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H23] Hirst, S. 1923. On some new or little-known species of Acari. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1923: 971–1000.

[KK54] Klemmer, K., & H. E. Krampitz. 1954. Zur Kenntnis der Säugetierfauna Siziliens. Senckenbergiana Biologica 35 (3–4): 121–135.

[L-MJ-GM-M07] Lara-Martínez, R., L. F. Jiménez-García & J. B. Morales-Malacara. 2007. Ultrastructural morphology of digestive cells of Periglischrus leptosternus (Mesostigmata: Spinturnicidae) and the finding of possible symbiotic bacteria in the midgut. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 585–588. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[M-M96] Morales-Malacara, J. B. 1996. Mesostigmatid (Mesostigmata) ectoparasites of bats in México. In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 105–108. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[M-M01] Morales-Malacara, J. B. 2001. New morphological analysis of the bat wing mites of the genus Periglischrus (Acari: Spinturnicidae). In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 185–195. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[T05] Trägårdh, I. 1905. Monographie der arktischen Acariden. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 1–78. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

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