Splachnales

 Tayloria gunnii, from here.

Belongs within: Bryidae.

The Splachnales are a group of mosses producing erect capsules with a differentiated neck. Members of the family Splachnaceae are often found growing on dung or decaying animal matter. The Meesiaceae are generally found on peaty substrates.

Characters (from Buck & Goffinet 2000): Leaf cells rhombic to elongate, typically smooth. Capsules erect with differentiated neck; peristome single or double; cilia rudimentary or absent.

<==Splachnales [Splachnineae]
    |--Catoscopium Brid. 1826 [Catoscopiaceae, Catoscopiineae]S04
    |    `--C. nigritum Brid. 1826S04 [=Weisia nigritaD24]
    |--MeesiaceaeSK02
    |    |--Amblyodon Beauv. 1804 [Amblyodontoideae]S04
    |    |    `--A. dealbatus (Sw. ex Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. in Bruch et al. 1841S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--Paludella Brid. 1817 [Paludellaceae, Paludelleae, Paludelloideae]S04
    |    |    `--P. squarrosa (Hedw.) Brid. 1817S04 [=Bryum squarrosumD24; incl. Hypnum paludellaOZB-O03]
    |    |--Leptobryum (Bruch & Schimp.) Wilson 1855 [Leptobryoideae]S04
    |    |    |--L. pottiaceum Dusén 1903D03
    |    |    |--L. pyriforme (Hedw.) Wilson 1855SK02 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |    |--L. p. var. pyriformeD24
    |    |    |    `--L. p. var. minusD24
    |    |    |--L. sericeum Kindb. 1888 (n. d.) [=Bryum sericeum (preoc.), Pohlia sericea]SK02
    |    |    `--L. wilsoniiSK02
    |    `--Meesia Hedw. 1801 (nom. cons.) [Meesioideae]SK02
    |         |--M. austro-georgicaD03
    |         |--M. hexasticha (Funck) Bruch 1826 [=Diplocomium hexastichum; incl. M. albertinii, M. hexagona]OZB-O03
    |         |--M. longiseta Hedw. 1801 [=Diplocomium longisetum]OZB-O03
    |         |--M. muelleri Müll.Hal. & Hampe 1856 [incl. M. macrantha]SK02
    |         |--M. patagonica Dusén 1903D03
    |         |--M. triquetra (Richter) Ångström 1844S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |         `--M. uliginosa Hedw. 1801S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |              |--M. u. var. uliginosaD24
    |              `--M. ‘trichoides’ var. alpinaD24
    `--SplachnaceaeSK02
         |  i. s.: Aplodon (Br.) Rchb. 1828 non Rafinesque 1819 (ICZN)S04
         |           `--A. wormskjoldii (Hornem.) Kindb. 1897 (see below for synonymy)S04
         |         Hymenocleiston magellanicumD03
         |           |--H. m. var. magellanicumD03
         |           `--H. m. var. edenenseD03
         |         DissodonD03
         |           |--D. hornschuchiiH04
         |           `--D. magellanicusD03
         |--SplachnoideaeOZB-O03
         |    |--Splachnum Hedw. 1801S04
         |    |    |--S. ampullaceum Hedw. 1801S04
         |    |    |--S. luteumH04
         |    |    |--S. sphaericum Hedw. 1801S04 [incl. S. ovatumS04, S. pedunculatumD24]
         |    |    `--S. vasculosum Hedw. 1801S04
         |    `--Tetraplodon Bruch & Schimp. in Bruch, Schimp. & Gümbel 1844OZB-O03, S04
         |         |--T. angustatus (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. in Bruch, Schimp. & Gümbel 1844D24, S04 [=Splachnum angustatumD24]
         |         |--T. fuegianusD03
         |         |--T. mnioides (Sw. ex Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. in Bruch, Schimp. & Gümbel 1844S04 (see below for synonymy)
         |         `--T. urceolatusH04
         `--Tayloria Hooker 1816SK02 [TaylorioideaeOZB-O03]
              |--T. acuminata Hornsch. 1825OZB-O03
              |--T. callophylla (Müll.Hal.) Mitt. 1882 (see below for synonymy)SK02
              |--T. froelichiana (Hedw.) Mitt. ex Broth. in Engl. & Prantl 1903 [=Dissodon froelichianus]OZB-O03
              |--T. grandisB-OO10
              |--T. gunnii (Wilson) Willis 1950 (see below for synonymy)SK02
              |--T. lingulata (Dicks.) Lindb. 1879S04 [=Splachnum lingulatumD24]
              |--T. maidenii Broth. 1916SK02
              |--T. octoblepharum (Hooker) Mitt. 1882 (see below for synonymy)SK02
              |    |--T. o. var. octoblepharum (see below for synonymy)SK02
              |    |--T. o. var. major (Hooker & Wilson) Watts & Whitel. 1906 [=Dissodon plagiopus var. major]SK02
              |    `--T. o. var. pyriformis (Hooker & Wilson) Watts & Whitel. 1906 [=Dissodon plagiopus var. pyriformis]SK02
              |--T. purpurascensSK02
              |--T. serrata (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. in Bruch, Schimp. & Gümbel 1844 [incl. T. serrata var. flagellaris]OZB-O03
              |--T. splachnoides (Schleich. ex Schwägr.) Hook. 1816OZB-O03 [=Dissodon splachnoidesD24]
              |--T. tasmanica (Hampe) Broth. 1903 [=Tetraplodon tasmanicus]SK02
              `--T. tenuis (Dicks. ex With.) Schimp. 1876S04 (see below for synonymy)
Nomina nuda: Dissodon plagiopus var. minor Müll.Hal. & Hampe 1853 [=Tayloria octoblepharum var. minor Watts & Whitel. 1906]SK02
             Dissodon nanocarpus Müll.Hal. 1901 [=Tayloria nanocarpa Watts & Whitel. 1906]SK02

Amblyodon dealbatus (Sw. ex Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. in Bruch et al. 1841S04 [=Bryum dealbatumD24, Meesia dealbataOZB-O03]

Aplodon wormskjoldii (Hornem.) Kindb. 1897 [=Haplodon wormskjoldii, Splachnum wormskjoldii, Tetraplodon wormskjoldii]S04

Leptobryum pyriforme (Hedw.) Wilson 1855SK02 [=Hypnum pyriformeOZB-O03, Mnium pyriformeD24, Webera pyriformisOZB-O03; incl. Bryum senodictyon (n. n.)SK02, Leptobryum senodictyon (n. n.)SK02]

Meesia triquetra (Richter) Ångström 1844S04 [incl. M. triquetra var. giganteaOZB-O03, M. triquetra var. timmioidesOZB-O03, M. trifariaS04, M. tristichaS04]

Meesia uliginosa Hedw. 1801S04 [incl. Bryum trichoidesD24, M. trichodesS04; incl. M. trichodes var. angustifoliaOZB-O03, M. trichodes var. minorOZB-O03]

Tayloria callophylla (Müll.Hal.) Mitt. 1882 [=Dissodon callophyllus, Splachnum callophyllum; incl. Eremodon robustus]SK02

Tayloria gunnii (Wilson) Willis 1950 [=Splachnum gunnii, S. grumii (nom. inv.); incl. Tetraplodon gunnianum (nom. illeg.), Tayloria obtusissima]SK02

Tayloria octoblepharum (Hooker) Mitt. 1882 [=Splachnum octoblepharum, Dissodon octoblepharum, Eremodon octoblepharum]SK02

Tayloria octoblepharum (Hooker) Mitt. 1882 var. octoblepharum [incl. Dissodon cuspidatus (nom. illeg.), D. novae-valesiae, Tayloria novae-valesiae, D. pallescens (nom. inv.), T. pallescens (nom. inv.), D. plagiopus]SK02

Tayloria tenuis (Dicks. ex With.) Schimp. 1876S04 [=Splachnum tenueD24, T. serrata var. tenuisD24; incl. T. longicollisS04]

Tetraplodon mnioides (Sw. ex Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. in Bruch, Schimp. & Gümbel 1844S04 [=Splachnum mnioidesD24; incl. T. bryoidesD24, T. bryoides var. breverianusOZB-O03, T. bryoides var. cavifoliusOZB-O03]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B-OO10] Bednarek-Ochyra, H., & R. Ochyra. 2010. Bucklandiella shevockii (Bryophyta, Grimmiaceae), an exquisite new species from Yunnan, China. Polish Botanical Journal 55 (2): 499–506.

Buck, W. R., & B. Goffinet. 2000. Morphology and classification of mosses. In: Shaw, A. J., & B. Goffinet (eds) Bryophyte Biology pp. 71–123. Cambridge University Press.

[D24] Dixon, H. N. 1924. The Student’s Handbook of British Mosses 3rd ed. V. V. Sumfield: Eastbourne.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. Patagonian and Fuegian mosses. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896–1899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 63–126. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[OZB-O03] Ochyra, R., J. Żarnowiec & H. Bednarek-Ochyra. 2003. Census Catalogue of Polish Mosses. Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences: Cracow.

[S04] Smith, A. J. E. 2004. The Moss Flora of Britain and Ireland 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press.

[SK02] Streimann, H., & N. Klazenga. 2002. Catalogue of Australian Mosses. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 17. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

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