Squillidae

 The mantis shrimp Squilla empusa, photographed by Richard King.

Belongs within: Hoplocarida.

The Squillidae is a family of mantis shrimps whose members have spearing claws, adapted for catching soft prey (Manning 1980).

Characters (from Manning 1980): Propodi of posterior three maxillipeds slender, not beaded or ribbed ventrally. Telson with distinct median carina. At most submedian teeth of telson with movable apices. Four or more intermediate denticles present on telson.

<==Squillidae [Harpiosquillidae, Squilloidea]MD01
    |--Chloridella angolia Berry 1932BWW93
    |--MeiosquillaC73
    |    |--M. quadridens (Bigelow 1893) [=Squilla quadridens]C73
    |    `--M. schmitti (Lemos de Castro 1955) [=Squilla schmitti]C73
    |--Kempella Low & Ahyong 2010 [=Kempina Manning 1978 non Roewer 1911]LA10
    |    |--K. mikado (Kemp & Chopra 1921) (see below for synonymy)LA10
    |    `--K. stridulans (Wood-Mason in Alcock 1894) [=Squilla stridulans, Kempina stridulans]LA10
    `--Squilla Fabricius 1787B02
         |--S. brasiliensisM62
         |--S. chydaea Manning 1962C73
         |--S. deceptrix Manning 1969C73
         |--S. desmarestiPP64
         |--S. discors Manning 1962C73
         |--S. edentata (Lunz 1937)C73
         |--S. empusa Say 1818C73
         |--S. eusebiaR26
         |--S. gracilis [=Alima gracilis]H04
         |--S. grantiG75
         |--S. grenadensis Manning 1969C73
         |--S. hancockiM62
         |--S. heptacanthaC73
         |--S. interruptaG75
         |--S. investigatorisH15
         |--S. lijdingiM62
         |--S. mantis [incl. Alima bidens]H04
         |--S. massawensisP71
         |--S. neglecta Gibbes 1850 [=Chloridella neglecta]C73
         |--S. prasinolineata Dana 1852C73
         |--S. randalli Manning 1962M62
         |--S. raphideaG75
         |--S. rugosa Bigelow 1893C73
         |    |--S. r. rugosaC73
         |    `--S. r. pinensis (Lunz 1937) [=Chloridella rugosa var. pinensis]C73
         `--S. tricarinataM62

Kempella mikado (Kemp & Chopra 1921) [=Squilla mikado, Kempina mikado; incl. S. zanzibarica Chopra 1939, Kempina zanzibarica]LA10

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B02] Boyko, C. B. 2002. A worldwide revision of the recent and fossil sand crabs of the Albuneidae Stimpson and Blepharipodidae, new family (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Hippoidea). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 272: 1–396.

[BWW93] Briggs, D. E. G., M. J. Weedon & M. A. Whyte. 1993. Arthropoda (Crustacea excluding Ostracoda). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 321–342. Chapman & Hall: London.

[C73] Camp, D. K. 1973. Stomatopod Crustacea. Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises 3 (2): 1–100.

[G75] Grant, E. M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. The Co-ordinator-General’s Department: Brisbane (Australia).

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[H15] Harmer, S. F. 1915. The Polyzoa of the Siboga Expedition—Part I. Entoprocta, Ctenostomata and Cyclostomata. E. J. Brill: Leyden.

[LA10] Low, M. E. Y., & S. T. Ahyong. 2010. Kempella nom. nov., a replacement name for Kempina Manning, 1978 (Crustacea: Stomatopoda: Squillidae), preoccupied by Kempina Roewer, 1911, a junior synonym of Zaleptus Thorell, 1877 (Arachnida: Opiliones: Sclerosomatidae). Zootaxa 2642: 68.

[M62] Manning, R. B. 1962. Seven new species of stomatopod crustaceans from the northwestern Atlantic. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 215–222.

Manning, R. B. 1980. The superfamilies, families, and genera of recent stomatopod Crustacea, with diagnoses of six new families. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 93 (2): 362–372.

[MD01] Martin, J. W., & G. E. Davis. 2001. An updated classification of the Recent Crustacea. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County, Science Series 39: 1–124.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[P71] Por, F. D. 1971. One hundred years of Suez Canal—a century of Lessepsian migration: retrospect and viewpoints. Systematic Zoology 20 (2): 138–159.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

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