Staphylococcus

False-colour electron micrograph of Staphylococcus aureus, from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Belongs within: Bacilli.

Staphylococcus is a genus of coccoid, facultatively anaerobic bacteria found in a variety of habitats including the skin and other membranes of animals, and in soils. They are characterised by the production of catalase, and of grape-like clusters when in culture.

<==Staphylococcus Rosenbach 1884AL IJSEM10
    |  i. s.: S. condimentiKC03
    |         S. fleurettiiKC03
    |         S. nepalensis Spergser, Wieser et al. 2003SW03
    |--+--S. sciuriKC03
    |  `--+--S. lentusKC03
    |     `--+--S. pulvereriKC03
    |        `--S. vitulinusKC03
    `--+--+--S. felisKC03
       |  `--+--+--S. lutraeKC03
       |     |  `--+--S. delphiniKC03
       |     |     `--S. intermediusKC03
       |     `--+--+--S. chromogenesKC03
       |        |  `--S. hyicusKC03
       |        `--S. schleiferiKC03
       |             |--S. s. ssp. schleiferiKC03
       |             `--S. s. ssp. coagulansKC03
       `--+--S. auricularisKC03
          `--+--+--S. gallinarumKC03
             |  `--+--+--S. arlettaeKC03
             |     |  `--S. cohniiKC03
             |     |       |--S. c. ssp. cohniiSW03
             |     |       `--S. c. ssp. urealyticusSW03
             |     `--+--S. saprophyticusKC03
             |        |    |--S. s. ssp. saprophyticusSW03
             |        |    `--S. s. ssp. bovisSW03
             |        `--+--S. xylosusKC03
             |           `--+--S. equorumKC03
             |              `--S. succinusKC03
             |                   |--S. s. ssp. succinusIJSEM03
             |                   `--S. s. ssp. casei Place, Hiestand et al. 2003VP IJSEM03
             `--+--S. kloosiiKC03
                `--+--S. aureusKC03
                   |    |--S. a. ssp. aureusKC03
                   |    `--S. a. ssp. anaerobiusKC03
                   |--+--S. lugdunensisKC03
                   |  `--S. warneriKC03
                   |--+--+--S. simulansKC03
                   |  |  `--+--S. carnosusKC03
                   |  |     `--S. piscifermentansKC03
                   |  `--+--S. haemolyticusKC03
                   |     `--S. hominisKC03
                   |          |--S. h. ssp. hominisKC03
                   |          `--S. h. ssp. novobiosepticusKC03
                   `--+--+--S. capraeKC03
                      |  `--S. pasteuriKC03
                      `--+--S. capitisKC03
                         |    |--S. c. ssp. capitisKC03
                         |    `--S. c. ssp. urealyticusKC03
                         `--+--S. muscaeKC03
                            `--+--S. epidermidisKC03
                               `--S. saccharolyticusKC03

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[IJSEM03] IJSEM. 2003. Validation list no. 89. Validation of publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSEM. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 1–2.

[IJSEM10] IJSEM. 2010. Validation list no. 132. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 60: 469–472.

[KC03] Kwok, A. Y. C., & A. W. Chow. 2003. Phylogenetic study of Staphylococcus and Macrococcus species based on partial hsp60 gene sequences. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 87–92.

[SW03] Spergser, J., M. Wieser, M. Täubel, R. A. Rosselló-Mora, R. Rosengarten & H.-J. Busse. 2003. Staphylococcus nepalensis sp. nov., isolated from goats of the Himalayan region. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 2007–2011.

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