Delta smelt Hypomesus transpacificus, from here.

Belongs within: Osteoglossocephalai.
Contains: Stomiidae, Gonostomatidae, Sternoptychidae.

The Stomiatii are a clade of fishes united by molecular data, uniting the deep-sea Stomiiformes with the freshwater or diadromous Osmeriformes.

|--Stomiiformes [Phosichthyoidei, Photichthya, Photichthyoidei, Stomiatiformes, Stomiatoidei]B-RB13
| | i. s.: Azemiolestes praeviusP05
| |--+--StomiidaeND13
| | `--Gonostomatoidei [Gonostomata]CH02a
| | |--GonostomatidaeND13
| | `--SternoptychidaeND13
| `--Phosicthyidae [Photichthyidae]CH02b
| |--Yarrella blackfordiCH02b
| |--Pollichthys mauli (Poll 1853)H99
| |--Phosichthys argenteus Hutton 1873H99
| |--Idrissia jubae Arambourg 1954P93
| |--Paravinciguerria praecursor Arambourg 1954P93
| |--WoodsiaH99
| | |--W. meyerwaardeniH98
| | `--W. nonsuchaeH99
| |--IchthyococcusCH02b
| | |--I. elongatus Imai 1941H99
| | |--I. intermedius Mukhacheva 1980H99
| | `--I. ovatus (Cocco 1838)H99
| |--PolymetmeND13
| | |--P. corythaeola (Alcock 1898)H99
| | |--P. dartagnan Nolf 1988P93
| | |--P. elongata (Matsubara 1938)H99
| | |--P. surugaensis (Matsubara 1943)H99
| | `--P. thaeocoryla Parin & Borodulina 1990CH02b
| `--VinciguerriaCH02b
| |--V. attenuata (Cocco 1838)H99
| |--V. distincta Danil’chenko 1962P93
| |--V. lucetia (Garman 1899)H99
| |--V. merkliniZ02
| |--V. nimbaria (Jordan & Williams 1896)H99
| `--V. poweriae (Cocco 1838)H99
`--Osmeriformes [Osmeroidea, Osmeroidei]B-RB13
| |--Prototroctes [Prototroctinae]B96
| | |--P. maraenaB96
| | `--P. oxyrhynchusWH02
| `--RetropinninaeB96
| |--Stokellia anisodonB96, NE12
| `--RetropinnaNE12
| |--R. retropinnaH97
| |--R. semoniNE12
| `--R. tasmanicaAS09
`--+--+--Plecoglossus [Plecoglossidae]NE12
| | `--P. altivelisNE12
| | |--P. a. altivelisI92
| | `--P. a. ryukyuensis Nishida 1988I92
| `--SalangidaeB-RB13
| |--Salangichthys microdonB96
| |--SalanxNE12
| | |--S. ariakensis Kishinouye 1902I92
| | `--S. cuvieriNE12
| `--NeosalanxI92
| |--N. jordaniNE12
| `--N. reganius Wakiya & Takahasi 1937I92
| i. s.: SpirinchusH98
| |--S. dilatusH98
| `--S. lanceolatusT90
| EnoplophthalmusG88
| Speirsaenigma lindoei Wilson & Williams 1991P93
| Osmeridarum tricrenulatus (Stinton 1965)P93
|--Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776)NE12, K-M02 [incl. M. villosus catervariusK-M02]
| |--H. olidusAS09
| |--H. pretiosusNE12
| | |--H. p. pretiosusT90
| | `--H. p. japonicusT90
| `--H. transpacificusT90
| |--H. t. transpacificusT90
| `--H. t. nipponensisT90
`--+--Thaleichthys pacificusNE12
|--O. eperlanusK-M02
|--O. mordax (Mitchill 1814) [incl. O. mordax dentex]K-M02
|--O. relictusS92
`--O. spirinchusS92

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AS09] Alfaro, M. E., F. Santini, C. Brock, H. Alamillo, A. Dornburg, D. L. Rabosky, G. Carnevale & L. J. Harmon. 2009. Nine exceptional radiations plus high turnover explain species diversity in jawed vertebrates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (32): 13410–13414.

[B-RB13] Betancur-R., R., R. E. Broughton, E. O. Wiley, K. Carpenter, A. López, C. Li, N. I. Holcroft, D. Arcila, M. Sanciangco, J. C. Cureton, II, F. Zhang, T. Buser, M. A. Campbell, J. A. Ballesteros, A. Roa-Varon, S. Willis, W. C. Borden, T. Rowley, P. C. Reneau, D. J. Hough, G. Lu, T. Grande, G. Arratia & G. Ortí. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLoS Currents Tree of Life April 18 2013. doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288.

[B96] Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of Fishes 2nd ed. Saunders College Publishing: Fort Worth.

[CH02a] Craddock, J. E., & K. E. Hartel. 2002a. Bristlemouths. Family Gonostomatidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 181–184. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[CH02b] Craddock, J. E., & K. E. Hartel. 2002b. Lightfishes. Family Phosichthyidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 190–191. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[G88] Gray, J. 1988. Evolution of the freshwater ecosystem: the fossil record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 62: 1–214.

[H98] Harold, A. S. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships of the Gonostomatidae (Teleostei: Stomiiformes). Bulletin of Marine Science 62: 715–741.

[H99] Harold, A. S. 1999. Order Stomiiformes. In: Carpenter, K., & V. H. Niem (eds) Western Central Pacific Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes pp. 1897–1917. FAO Species Identification and Data Programme.

[H97] Hicks, B. J. 1997. Food webs in forest and pasture streams in the Waikato region, New Zealand: a study based on analyses of stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen, and fish gut contents. New Zealand Journal of Freshwater and Marine Research 31: 651–664.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[K-M02] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002. Smelts. Family Osmeridae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 162–170. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[ND13] Near, T. J., A. Dornburg, R. I. Eytan, B. P. Keck, W. L. Smith, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, S. A. Price, F. T. Burbrink, M. Friedman & P. C. Wainwright. 2013. Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-rayed fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110 (31): 12738–12743.

[NE12] Near, T. J., R. I. Eytan, A. Dornburg, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, M. P. Davis, P. C. Wainwright, M. Friedman & W. L. Smith. 2012. Resolution of ray-finned fish phylogeny and timing of diversification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 109 (34): 13698–13703.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[P05] Prokofiev, A. M. 2005. Redescription and relationships of Beckerophotus gracilis (Daniltshenko, 1962) (Teleostei: Myctophiformes: Neoscopelidae) from the Middle Eocene of Georgia. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 2005 (6): 65–72 (transl. Paleontological Journal 39 (6): 639–645).

[S92] Smith, G. R. 1992. Introgression in fishes: significance for paleontology, cladistics, and evolutionary rates. Systematic Biology 41 (1): 41–57.

[T90] Taguchi, S. 1990. Nihon no Sakana. Kogakukan: Tokyo.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

[Z02] Zherikhin, V. V. 2002. Pattern of insect burial and conservation. In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 17–63. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

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