Streblidae

Trichobius joblingi, from Frank et al. (2014).

Belongs within: Calyptratae.
Contains: Nycteribiidae.

The Streblidae, bat flies, are a group of blood-feeding flies parasitic on bats. Members include both winged and wingless forms. Most are ectoparasites except females of Ascodipteron that become embedded in the host’s skin. The Neotropical Nycterophiliinae are laterally compressed and flea-like whereas other species are dorsoventrally or not compressed (Dick & Miller 2010).

Characters (from Dick & Miller 2010): Small, tan to light brown flies, body length 0.7–5.5 mm. Females generally slightly larger than males, sexual dimorphism in other non-reproductive structures rare. Head, body and legs generally densely hirsute with body form varying from strongly laterally compressed to dorsoventrally flattened to uncompressed. Eyes generally reduced. Ocelli absent. Head sometimes with ventral ctenidium. Thorax varied in shape, longitudinal median suture and transverse scutal suture various. Legs varied in length, thickness, setal form and chaetotaxy, ranging from short and stout to elongate. Tibiae without apical spurs; claws usually large and simple. Abdomen extensively membranous, corresponding to reduction or loss of sclerites. Macropterous, stenopterous, brachypterous or apterous.

<==StreblidaeDM10
|--+--NycteribiidaeKP10
| `--Brachytarsina [Brachytarsininae]KP10
| |--B. amboinensisCM91
| |--B. minutaCM70
| |--B. speiseriKP10
| `--B. uniformisCM91
`--TrichobiinaeDM10
| i. s.: PseudostreblaWP87
| Eldunnia brevicepsWP87, DM10
| Stizostrebla longirostrisWP87, DM10
|--+--ParatrichobiusKP10
| | |--P. americanusWP87
| | `--P. longicrusDM10
| `--Megistopoda [Megistopodini]KP10
| |--M. araneaDM10
| `--M. proximaDM10
`--Trichobius [Trichobiini]KP10
|--T. caecusWP87
|--T. corynorhiniWP87
|--T. costalimaiK06
|--T. joblingiDM10
|--T. longipesK06
|--T. macrophylliWP87
|--T. majorWP87
|--T. mixtusK06
|--T. perspicillatusK06
`--T. sphaeronotusDM10

Streblidae incertae sedis:
Ascodipteron [Ascodipteridae, Ascodipterinae]DM10
|--A. africanumA71
|--A. rhinolophiWP87
`--A. speiserianumWP87
AspidopteraDM10
|--A. busckiK06
`--A. phyllotomatisDM10
Trichobioides perspicillatusDM10
Speiseria ambiguaDM10
Streblinae [Streblini]DM10
|--Anastrebla Wenzel 1966WP87
`--StreblaDM10 [incl. EuctenodesWP87]
|--S. consociaDM10
|--S. diaemiDM10
|--S. galindoiDM10
|--S. guajiroDM10
|--S. hertigiDM10
|--S. mirabilisDM10 [=Euctenodes mirabilisK06]
`--S. wiedemanniDM10
MastopteraDM10
|--M. guimaraesiDM10
`--M. minutaDM10
Joblingia schmidtiDM10
NycterophiliinaeDM10
|--Phalconomus puliciformisWP87, DM10
`--NycterophiliaDM10
|--N. coxataWP87
`--N. parnelliDM10
ParadyschiriaDM10
MetelasmusDM10
|--M. pseudopterusDM10
`--M. wenzeliDM10
ParaeuctenodesDM10
|--P. longipesDM10
`--P. similisDM10
NeotrichobiusDM10
|--N. delicatusDM10
`--N. stenopterusDM10
Noctiliostrebla aitkeniDM10
Exastinion clovisiDM10
Anatrichobius scorzaiDM10
Synthesiostrebla amorphochiliDM10
Parastrebla handleyiDM10
Megistapophysis mordaxDM10
XenotrichobiusDM10
Raymondia minutaWP87, CM91
NycteriboscaRD77 [NycteriboscinaeWP87]
MegastreblaO98

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[CM70] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1970. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 656–740. Melbourne University Press.

[CM91] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1991. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 717–786. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[DM10] Dick, C. W., & J. A. Miller. 2010. Streblidae (bat flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1249–1260. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[KP10] Kutty, S. N., T. Pape, B. M. Wiegmann & R. Meier. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) with an emphasis on the superfamily Oestroidea and the position of Mystacinobiidae and McAlpine’s fly. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.

[K06] Kwiecinski, G. G. 2006. Phyllostomus discolor. Mammalian Species 801: 1–11.

[O98] Oosterbroek, P. 1998. The Families of Diptera of the Malay Archipelago. Brill: Leiden.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[WP87] Wenzel, R. L., & B. V. Peterson. 1987. Streblidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1293–1301. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

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