Stromatoporoidea

Sectioned specimen of Parallelostroma typicum, from fossilid.info.

Belongs within: Demospongiae.
Contains: Densastromatidae, Stromatoporidae, Aulaceratidae.

The Stromatoporoidea are a (possibly polyphyletic) group of sessile animals known from the Palaeozoic, generally assumed to be sponges. They are characterised by the production of a massive skeleton composed of calcareous laminae connected by vertical pillars.

<==Stromatoporoidea
    |  i. s.: KeegaVH01
    |         Clathrocoilona spissaW98
    |         AmphiporaF71
    |           |--A. australasica Etheridge 1917F71
    |           `--A. ramosa (Phillips 1841)RB93
    |--ActinostromatidaD84
    |    |--DensastromatidaeD84
    |    |--Pseudolabechia [Pseudolabechiidae]JB12
    |    |    `--P. granulata Yabe & Siguyama 1930RB93
    |    `--ActinostromatidaeD84
    |         |--PlectostromaRB93
    |         |--Atelodictyon fallax Lecompte 1951RB93
    |         |--Gerronostroma Yavorsky 1931D84
    |         |    `--G. concentricum Yavorsky 1931D84
    |         `--ActinostromaD84
    |              |--A. australeF71
    |              `--A. subclathratum Etheridge 1918F71
    |--StromatoporidaD84
    |    |--StromatoporidaeD84
    |    |--Syringostroma [Syringostromatidae]RB93
    |    |    |--S. centrotum Girty 1953RB93
    |    |    `--S. densa Nicholson 1886RB93
    |    `--SyringostromellidaeD84
    |         |--Parallelopora paucicanaliculata Lecompte 1951RB93
    |         |--Syringostromella Nestor 1966D84
    |         |    |--S. borealis (Nicholson 1891) [=Stromatopora borealis; incl. St. paadla Riabinin 1951]D84
    |         |    `--S. neimongolensis Dong 1984D84
    |         `--Hexastylostroma Dong 1984D84
    |              |--*H. neimongolense Dong 1984D84
    |              `--H. pachytextum Dong 1984D84
    |--StromatoporellidaRB93
    |    |--Hermatostroma [Hermatostromatidae]RB93
    |    |    `--H. schlueteri Nicholson 1886RB93
    |    |--Stachyodes [Stachyoditidae]RB93
    |    |    |--S. dendroidea Etheridge 1918F71
    |    |    |--S. radiata Lecompte 1951RB93
    |    |    `--S. verticillata (M’Coy 1851)RB93
    |    `--StictostromatidaeRB93
    |         |--StyloporellaRB93
    |         `--StromatoporellaF71
    |              |--S. bensoni Dun 1918F71
    |              |--S. granulata (Nicholson 1873)RB93
    |              `--S. kimberleyensis Etheridge 1918F71
    |--ClathrodictyidaD84
    |    |--Diplostroma [Diplostromatidae]RB93
    |    |--TienodictyidaeRB93
    |    |    |--Hammatostroma nodosum Stearn 1961RB93
    |    |    `--Intexodictyon Yavorsky 1963D84
    |    |         |--I. crassum Dong & Yang 1978D84
    |    |         |--I. neimongolense Dong 1984D84
    |    |         `--I. olevi Yavorsky 1963RB93
    |    |--Actinodictyidae [Ecclimadictyidae]W04
    |    |    |--Stylodictyon columnaris (Nicholson 1875)RB93
    |    |    |--Ecclimadictyon Nestor 1964D84
    |    |    |    `--E. microvesiculosumD84
    |    |    `--Plexodictyon Nestor 1966D84
    |    |         |--P. savaliense (Riabinin 1953) [=Clathrodictyon savaliense]D84
    |    |         `--P. siluricum Dong 1984D84
    |    `--ClathrodictyidaeD84
    |         |--StelodictyonJB12
    |         `--Clathrodictyon Nicholson & Murie 1878D84
    |              |--C. conophoroides Etheridge 1921F71
    |              |--C. convictum Yavorsky 1929 [=Simplexodictyon convictum]D84
    |              |--C. linnarssoni Nicholson 1887 [incl. C. microtuberculatum Riabinin 1951]D84
    |              |--C. microstriatellum Riabinin 1953D84
    |              |--C. neimongolense Dong 1984D84
    |              `--C. simplex (Nestor 1966) [=Simplexodictyon simplex]D84
    `--LabechiidaD84
         |--AulaceratidaeW04
         |--LophiostromatidaeW04
         |    |--Lophiostroma schmidti (Nicholson 1890)RB93
         |    `--DermatostromaW04
         |--PulchrilaminidaeW04
         |    |--PulchrilaminaW04
         |    `--ZondarellaW04
         |--StylostromatidaeW04
         |    |--Stylostroma crassum Gorsky 1938RB93
         |    `--PachystylostromaW04
         |--LabechiidaeJB12
         |    |--LabechiellaJB12
         |    |--StratodictyonJB12
         |    `--Labechia Edwards & Haime 1851D82
         |         `--L. changchiuensis Ozaki 1938D82
         |--RosenellidaeW04
         |    |--PriscastromaW04
         |    |--Rosenella Nicholson 1886D82
         |    |    |--R. macrocystis Nicholson 1886RB93
         |    |    `--R. woyuensis Ozaki 1938D82
         |    `--Pseudostylodictyon Ozaki 1938RB93, D84
         |         |--*P. poshanense Ozaki 1938D84
         |         `--P. simplex Mori 1969D84
         `--StromatoceriidaeW04
              |--Stomatocerium rugosum Hall 1847RB93
              |--NestoridictyonW04
              |--RadiostromaW04
              |--VietnamostromaW04
              `--Cystistroma Etheridge 1895W04, D82
                   |--*C. donnellii (Etheridge 1895) [=Labechia (Cystistroma) donnellii]D82
                   |--C. canadense (Nicholson & Murie 1878) [=Stromatocerium canadense, Labechia canadensis]D82
                   `--‘Stromatocerium’ sakuense Nestor 1964D82

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[D82] Dong D.-Y. 1982. Lower Ordovician stromatoporoids of northern Anhui. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 21 (5): 577–583.

[D84] Dong D.-Y. 1984. Silurian and Lower Devonian stromatoporoids from Darhan Mumingan Joint Banner, Inner Mongolia. In: Li W.-G., Rong J.-Y. & Dong D.-Y. (eds.) Silurian and Devonian Rocks and Faunas of the Bateaobao Area in Darhan Mumingan Joint Banner, Inner Mongolia pp. 57–77. The People’s Publishing House of Inner Mongolia.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[JB12] Johnson, M. E., & B. G. Baarli. 2012. Development of intertidal biotas through Phanerozoic time. In: Talent, J. A. (ed.) Earth and Life: Global biodiversity, extinction intervals and biogeographic perturbations through time pp. 63–128. Springer.

[RB93] Rigby, J. K., G. E. Budd, R. A. Wood & F. Debrenne. 1993. Porifera. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 71–99. Chapman & Hall: London.

[VH01] Vachard, D., M. Hauser, R. Martini, L. Zaninetti, A. Matter & T. Peters. 2001. New algae and problematica of algal affinity from the Permian of the Aseelah Unit of the Batain Plain (East Oman). Geobios 34 (4): 375–404.

[W04] Webby, B. D. 2004. Stromatoporoids. In: Webby, B. D., F. Paris, M. L. Droser & I. G. Percival (eds) The Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event pp. 112–118. Columbia University Press.

[W98] Wood, R. 1998. The ecological evolution of reefs. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 179–206.

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