Common whitethroat Sylvia communis, photographed by Christodoulos Makris.

Belongs within: Sylviidae.

Sylvia is a genus of warblers found in Eurasia and Africa. Though long treated as the type genus of the ‘warbler family’ Sylviidae, more recent studies have indicated that Sylvia is not closely related to other ‘warbler’ genera.

Sylvia Scopoli 1769M02 [incl. Alsoecus Kaup 1829B94, Philomela Link 1806B94, ParisomaJF06; Alsoecinae]
|--+--S. desertiJF06
| `--S. nanaBKB15
`--+--+--S. subcaeruleaJF06 [=Parisoma subcaeruleumBKB15]
| `--+--S. melanocephalaBKB15
| `--+--+--S. melanothoraxBKB15
| | `--S. rueppelliJF06
| `--+--+--S. cantillansBKB15
| | `--S. mystaceaJF06
| `--+--S. communis Latham 1787BKB15, M02 [incl. S. cinerea Bechstein 1803CC10]
| `--+--S. conspicillataBKB15
| `--+--S. sardaBKB15
| `--+--S. balearicaBKB15
| `--+--S. deserticolaBKB15
| `--S. undataJF06
`--+--S. nisoriaBKB15
`--+--+--S. boehmiJT12 [=Parisoma boehmiJF06]
| `--S. layardi (Hartlaub 1862)JT12, B93 [=Parisoma layardiJF06]
| |--S. l. layardiB93
| `--‘Parisoma’ l. aridicola Winterbottom 1958B93
`--+--+--S. currucaJT12
| `--+--S. althaeaJF06
| |--S. margelanicaJF06
| `--S. minulaJF06
`--+--+--S. crassirostrisBKB15
| `--S. leucomelaenaBKB15
`--+--S. hortensisBKB15
`--+--S. buryiBKB15
`--S. lugensJT12 [=Parisoma lugensBKB15]

Sylvia incertae sedis:
S. azureaJ23
S. aquaticaN66
S. azurea [incl. S. coerulea]J23
S. badiceps Fraser 1842F42
S. bifasciata Say in James 1823J23
S. bonelliDr66
S. caeruleaJ23
S. celatus Say in James 1823J23
S. cettiDr66
S. hippolaisB42
S. leucogastraJ23
S. ludovicianaJ23
S. lusciniaG42a [=Philomela lusciniaG42b]
S. phragmitisG42b
S. sialisJ23
S. simplex Lath. 1787M01
S. solitariaJ23
S. striataJ23
S. suecicaB42
S. trochiloidesDo66

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B42] Blyth, E. 1842. Abstract of a letter relating to various species of birds which are found both in India and Europe. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 93–94.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[B93] Brooke, R. K. 1993. Annotated catalogue of the Aves type specimens in the South African Museum. Annals of the South African Museum 102 (10): 327–349.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[Do66] Dohrn, H. 1866. Synopsis of the birds of Ilha do Principe, with some remarks on their habits and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 324–332.

[Dr66] Dresser, H. E. 1866. Notes on the breeding of the booted eagle (Aquila pennata). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 377–380.

[F42] Fraser, L. 1842. On new species of birds collected in the Niger expedition. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 144–145.

[G42a] Gulliver, G. 1842a. Observations on the muscular fibres of the oesophagus and heart in some of the vertebrate animals. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 63–72.

[G42b] Gulliver, G. 1842b. Observations on the semen and seminal tubes of Mammalia and birds. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 95–102.

[J23] James, E. 1823. Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the years 1819 and ’20, by order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, sec’y of war: under the command of Major Stephen H. Long. From the notes of Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other gentlemen of the exploring party vol. 1. H. C. Carey & I. Lea: Philadelphia.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149–186.

[M01] Madarász, J. 1901. Madarak [Vögel]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 21–39. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[N66] Newton, A. 1866. Exhibition of a specimen of the Sylvia aquatica. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 210.

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