Golden-breasted fulvetta ‘Alcippe’ chrysotis, photographed by Yann Muzika.

Belongs within: Passerides.
Contains: Stenostiridae, Remizidae, Paridae, Alaudidae, Macrosphenidae, Acrocephalidae, Cisticolidae, Locustellidae, Bernieridae, Hirundinidae, Pycnonotidae, Sylviidae, Yuhina, Timaliidae, Pellorneidae, Alcippe, Leiothrichidae, Phylloscopus, Aegithalidae, Scotocercidae.

The Sylvioidea is a clade identified by molecular analysis that includes the Old World warblers and related taxa such as tits and bulbuls. Many of these taxa have been classified in the past into the family Sylviidae, but this taxon its broader sense has been shown to be polyphyletic. Most sylvioids are small insectivorous birds. The clade is most diverse in Eurasia and Africa; relatively few lineages have reached the Americas.

<==Sylviida [Acrocephalinae, Panurinae, Paradoxornithinae, Pomatorhinini, Suthorinae, Sylviinae, Sylviini]OF19
    |  `--Hyliota [Hyliotidae]OF19
    |       |--H. australisJT12
    |       |--H. flavigasterJT12
    |       |--H. usambaraJT12
    |       `--H. violaceaJT12
       |  `--ParidaeOF19
          |  `--Panurus Koch 1816B94 [PanuridaeOF19]
          |       `--P. biarmicus (L. 1758)K00
          `--+--Nicator [Nicatoridae]OF19
             |    |--N. chlorisJT12
             |    |--N. gularisJT12
             |    `--N. vireoJT12
                   |    |--+--Pnoepyga Hodgson 1844GC09 [PnoepygidaeKF-V21]
                   |    |  |    |--P. albiventerJT12
                   |    |  |    |--P. formosanaJT12
                   |    |  |    |--P. immaculataJT12
                   |    |  |    `--P. pusillaJT12
                   |    |  `--+--Graueria vittataOF19
                   |    |     `--AcrocephalidaeKF-V21
                   |    `--+--CisticolidaeKF-V21
                   |       `--+--LocustellidaeKF-V21
                   |          `--+--BernieridaeOF19
                   |             `--Donacobius [Donacobiidae]KF-V21
                   |                  |--D. atricapillaGC09 (see below for synonymy)
                   |                  `--D. vociferansB94
                         |    |--PycnonotidaeOF19
                         |    `--+--SylviidaeOF19
                         |       `--+--YuhinaOF19
                         |          `--+--TimaliidaeOF19
                         |             `--+--PellorneidaeOF19
                         |                `--+--AlcippeMF09
                         |                   `--LeiothrichidaeOF19
                                 |  `--ScotocercidaeOF19
                                      |--Hylia Cassin 1859JT12, B94 [Hyliinae]
                                      |    `--H. prasina (Cassin 1855)SPS03
                                      `--Pholidornis Hartlaub 1857SPS03, B94 [Pholidornithidae]
                                           `--P. rushiae (Cassin 1855)SPS03
Sylviida incertae sedis:
  Bebrornis rodericanusFP64, USDI77
  Trichocichla rufaFP64
    |--T. r. rufaHSS13
    `--T. r. cluneiHSS13
  Cichlornis grosvenoriFP64
  Calamodus Kaup 1829 [incl. Calamodyta Kaup 1829; Calamodytinae]B94
    `--‘Calamodyta’ newtoniS66
  Eroessa Hartlaub 1866H66
    `--*E. tenella Hartlaub 1866H66 [incl. Damia pusilla Pollen in Schlegel 1866 (n. n.)S66]
  Randia pseudozosteropsJT12
  Poliolais lopeziJT12
  Chaetornis striataJT12
  Amphilais seebohmiJT12
  Buettikoferella bivittataJT12
  Hemitesia neumanniJT12

Donacobius atricapillaGC09 [=Turdus atricapillusL03; incl. D. albolineatusL03, T. brasiliensisL03, Mimus brasiliensisL03]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[GC09] Gelang, M., A. Cibois, E. Pasquet, U. Olsson, P. Alström & P. G. P. Ericson. 2009. Phylogeny of babblers (Aves, Passeriformes): major lineages, family limits and classification. Zoologica Scripta 38: 225–236.

[H66] Hartlaub, G. 1866. On a new genus and species of birds from Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 218–219.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[K00] Krištofik, J. 2000. Synonymical notes to the Menacanthus species (Phthiraptera, Menoponidae) living on Passeriformes (Aves). Acta Parasitologica 45: 57–58.

[KF-V21] Kuhl, H., C. Frankl-Vilches, A. Bakker, G. Mayr, G. Nikolaus, S. T. Boerno, S. Klages, B. Timmermann & M. Gahr. 2021. An unbiased molecular approach using 3′-UTRs resolves the avian family-level tree of life. Molecular Biology and Evolution 38 (1): 108–127.

[L03] LeCroy, M. 2003. Type specimens of birds in the American Museum of Natural History. Part 5. Passeriformes: Alaudidae, Hirundinidae, Motacillidae, Campephagidae, Pycnonotidae, Irenidae, Laniidae, Vangidae, Bombycillidae, Dulidae, Cinclidae, Troglodytidae, and Mimidae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 278: 1–156.

[MF09] Moyle, R. G., C. E. Filardi, C. E. Smith & J. Diamond. 2009. Explosive Pleistocene diversification and hemispheric expansion of a “great speciator”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 1006 (6): 1863–1868.

[OF19] Oliveros, C. H., D. J. Field, D. T. Ksepka, F. K. Barker, A. Aleixo, M. J. Andersen, P. Alström, B. W. Benz, E. L. Braun, M. J. Braun, G. A. Bravo, R. T. Brumfield, R. T. Chesser, S. Claramunt, J. Cracraft, A. M. Cuervo, E. P. Derryberry, T. C. Glenn, M. G. Harvey, P. A. Hosner, L. Joseph, R. T. Kimball, A. L. Mack, C. M. Miskelly, A. T. Peterson, M. B. Robbins, F. H. Sheldon, L. F. Silveira, B. T. Smith, N. D. White, R. G. Moyle & B. C. Faircloth. 2019. Earth history and the passerine superradiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 116 (16): 7916–7925.

[S66] Schlegel, H. 1866. Communication from, on mammals and birds collected in Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 419–426.

[SPS03] Sefc, K. M., R. B. Payne & M. D. Sorenson. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of African sunbird-like warblers: moho (Hyperergus atriceps), green hylia (Hylia prasina) and tit-hylia (Pholidornis rushiae). Ostrich 74: 8–17.

[USDI77] United States Department of the Interior. 1977. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants—republication of list of species. Federal Register 42: 36420–36431.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *