Syzygieae

Creek lilly-pilly Syzygium australe, copyright Arthur Chapman.

Belongs within: Myrtaceae.

The Syzygieae are a group of myrtaceous trees and shrubs that usually produce terminal, paniculate inflorescences and fleshy fruits containing a single large seed (Wilson et al. 2005). Some species of Syzygium are cultivated for their edible fruits, such as the rose apple S. jambos and the wax apple S. samarangense, whereas the flower buds of clove S. aromaticum are used as a spice. Species of Syzygium have seeds with a papery testa and separate cotyledons whereas in Acmena the testa is absent and cotyledons are fused.

Characters (from Wilson et al. 2005): Trees, rarely shrubs; lacking simple hairs. Leaves opposite. Inflorescences mostly terminal and paniculate; perianth free or calyx calyptrate, petals often cohering and falling as a unit; stamens free, numerous; anthers versatile, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary inferior, mostly 2-locular; placentas axile or apical, ovules unitegmic and anatropous, pendulous or radiating; vascular supply to ovary axial. Fruit indehiscent, usually fleshy; seeds usually solitary; embryo usually with thick cotyledons, occasionally more or less ruminate, rarely leafy.

<==SyzygieaeWO05
|--Anetholea anisataWO05
|--AcmenospermaWO05
|--WaterhouseaWO05
|--AcmenaWO05
| |--A. graveolensWO05
| `--A. smithiiNC91
`--SyzygiumING03
|--S. angophoroidesLK14
|--S. aromaticumH93
|--S. australeWO05
|--S. bamagenseB00
|--‘Eugenia’ benguellensisEB17
|--S. bourdilloniiING03
|--S. buxifoliumHTN02
|--S. caryophyllatumMMS02
|--S. cordatumDP72
|--S. cormiflorumB00
|--S. cuminiWO05
|--S. deiningeri Engler in Engler & v. Brehmer 1917EB17
|--S. erythrocalyxB00
|--S. eucalyptoidesLK14
| |--S. e. ssp. eucalyptoidesLK14
| `--S. e. ssp. bleeseriLK14
|--S. forteLK14
| |--S. f. ssp. forteLK14
| `--S. f. ssp. potamophilumLK14
|--‘Eugenia’ fourcadei Dümmer 1912EB17
|--S. fruticosumDD73
|--S. gambleanum Rathakrishnan & Chithra 1983 (see below for synonymy)ING03
|--S. gerrardiiDP72 [=Eugenia gerrardii Sim 1907EB17]
|--S. guineenseE09
| | i. s.: S. g. var. urophyllum (Welw.) Engler in Engler & v. Brehmer 1917 [=Eugenia urophylla Welw. 1898]EB17
| | S. g. var. rudatisii Engler in Engler & v. Brehmer 1917EB17
| |--S. g. ssp. guineenseE09
| `--S. g. ssp. afromontanumE09
|--S. heyneanumMi72
|--S. huillense (Hiern) Engler in Engler & v. Brehmer 1917 [=Eugenia huillensis]EB17
|--S. intermedium Engler & v. Brehmer 1917EB17
|--S. jambolanumMa72
|--S. jambosH06
|--S. kerstingii Engler in Engler & v. Brehmer 1917EB17
|--S. kurandaB00
|--‘Eugenia’ masukuensis Baker 1897EB17
|--S. myhendraeING03
|--S. neesianum Arnott 1836 [=Eugenia neesiana Wt. 1843]MMS02
|--S. nervosum [incl. Eugenia gigantea]JG19
|--S. oleosumB00
|--S. pachycladumB88
|--S. palghatenseING03
|--S. paniculatumH06
|--S. periyarensisING03
|--S. pondoense Engler in Engler & v. Brehmer 1917EB17
|--S. puberulumB00
|--S. samarangenseWO05
|--S. sriganesaniiING03
|--S. suborbiculareLK14
|--S. tierneyanumB00
|--‘Eugenia’ tungoEB17
|--S. wilsoniB00
`--S. zeylanicumING03
|--S. z. var. zeylanicumING03
|--S. z. var. ellipticumING03
`--S. z. var. megamalayanumING03

Syzygium gambleanum Rathakrishnan & Chithra 1983 [=Eugenia microphylla Bedd. 1871 non Abel 1818, S. microphyllum (Bedd.) Gamble 1969]ING03

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[DD73] Deb, D. B., & R. M. Dutta. 1973. Contribution to the flora of Tirap Frontier Division. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (3): 547–573.

[DP72] Deighton, F. C., & K. A. Pirozynski. 1972. Microfungi. V. More hyperparasitic hyphomycetes. Mycological Papers 128: 1–110.

[EB17] Engler, A., & W. v. Brehmer. 1917. Myrtaceae africanae. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 54: 329–341.

[E09] Ensermu K. 2009. Three new species of Acanthaceae from Ethiopia. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 57–65.

[HTN02] Hamamoto, M., V. N. Thanh & T. Nakase. 2002. Bannoa hahajimensis gen. nov., sp. nov., and three related anamorphs, Sporobolomyces bischofiae sp. nov., Sporobolomyces ogasawarensis sp. nov. and Sporobolomyces syzygii sp. nov., yeasts isolated from plants in Japan. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52: 1023–1032.

[H06] Henderson, L. 2006. Comparisons of invasive plants in southern Africa originating from southern temperate, northern temperate and tropical regions. Bothalia 36 (2): 201–222.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[ING03] Irwin, S. J., D. Narasimhan & R. Ganesan. 2003. Status of Syzygium gambleanum Rathakr. & Chitra (Myrtaceae) from southern Western Ghats, India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 111–120.

[JG19] James, D. J., P. T. Green, W. F. Humphreys & J. C. Z. Woinarski. 2019. Endemic species of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34 (2): 55–114.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[Ma72] Mathew, D. N. 1972. The ecology of the baya in Rajampet, Cuddapah Dt., A.P. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (1): 188–191.

[Mi72] Mitra, S. N. 1972. Observations on the vegetation of the Upper Damodar catchment area. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (1): 17–25.

[MMS02] Murugan, C., V. S. Manickam & V. Sundaresan. 2002. Syzygium neesianum Arn. (Myrtaceae)—an addition to the Indian flora. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 553–555.

[NC91] Nielsen, E. S., & I. F. B. Common. 1991. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 817–915. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[WO05] Wilson, P. G., M. M. O’Brien, M. M. Heslewood & C. J. Quinn. 2005. Relationships within Myrtaceae sensu lato based on a matK phylogeny. Plant Systematics and Evolution 251: 3–19.

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