Linum alpinum, copyright Ibex73. Belongs within: Linaceae. Linum, the flaxes, is a genus of herbaceous plants found in warmer regions of the world, of which the common flax L. usitatissimum is widely grown as a source of fibre. Characters (from Hickman 1993): Annual or perennial. Stem 5–90 cm. Leaves alternate, opposite, or whorled, erect, glabrous… Continue reading Linum


Wild cocaine Erythroxylum cuneatum, copyright Loupok. Belongs within: Malpighiales. The Erythroxylaceae are a pantropical group of trees and shrubs with simple, alternate leaves and flowers with ligulate appendages (Conn & Kerenga 1995). Characters (from Conn & Kerenga 1995): Trees or shrubs. Leaves simple, alternate, stipulate. Inflorescences terminal, axillary, solitary or in up to twenty-flowered clusters.… Continue reading Erythroxylaceae


Shrubby-spurge Tetracoccus dioicus, copyright Stan Shebs. Belongs within: Malpighiales. The Picrodendraceae are a pantropical group of trees and shrubs bearing characteristic spiny pollen. Characters (from Flora of Victoria): Trees or shrubs, lacking latex, monoecious or dioecious. Leaves usually alternate (rarely opposite or whorled), simple to palmate, petiolate; stipules present or absent. Inflorescences axillary, cymose, racemose,… Continue reading Picrodendraceae


Casearia sylvestris, copyright Mauricio Mercadante. Belongs within: Malpighiales. Contains: Violaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaceae. The Violineae are a clade of flowering plants characterised by parietal placentation, with ovules developing on the wall of the ovary. Characters (from Xi et al. 2012): Flowers haplostemonous; carpels 3; placentation parietal; ovules more than 2 per carpel, crassinucellar, without endothelium; seeds… Continue reading Violineae


Viola capillaris, copyright Mildred Ehrenfeld. Belongs within: Violaceae. Contains: Viola section Viola. Viola, the violets, is a cosmopolitan genus of mostly herbaceous plants bearing bilateral flowers with the lowest petal basally pouched or spurred. Characters (from Hickman 1993): Annual or perennial <35 cm, glabrous to hairy. Leaf entire to compound. Flowers generally solitary, axillary. Flower… Continue reading Viola


Mastwood Calophyllum inophyllum, copyright Adityamadhav83. Belongs within: Malpighiales. The Calophyllaceae are an assemblage of about 450 species of latex-producing tropical trees and shrubs. One species, the mammee Mammea americana, is used in some parts of the Americas as a fruit tree whereas other species are used for their wood. Members of the genus Calophyllum are… Continue reading Calophyllaceae


Waterwort Elatine triandra, copyright Stefan Lefnaer. Belongs within: Malpighiales. The Elatinaceae are a cosmopolitan group of herbs and shrubs found growing in or near water (Hickman 1993). Characters (from Hickman 1993): Annual or perennial, in or near water; roots fibrous, from a tap root or not, generally from lower leaf axils as well. Stem generally… Continue reading Elatinaceae


Berlinia confusa, copyright Marco Schmidt. Belongs within: Fabales. Berlinia is a genus of trees found in tropical Africa bearing flowers in terminal racemes or panicles, with one petal often being considerably larger than the other four. Leaves are paripinnate and seed pods are large, woody, compressed and explosively dehiscent. <==Berlinia MB09     |–B. auriculata MB09     |–B.… Continue reading Berlinia


Grey stinkwood Jacksonia furcellata, copyright Margaret Donald. Belongs within: Papilionoideae. Jacksonia is a genus of leguminous shrubs and small trees endemic to Australia. Most species appear leafless with rigid stems and leaves reduced to small scales. <==Jacksonia Br. ex Aiton 1811 KC01 |–J. alata OS04 |–J. argentea LK14 |–J. floribunda RL05 |–J. forrestii LK14 |–J.… Continue reading Jacksonia


Dussia macroprophyllata, copyright Reinaldo Aguilar. Belongs within: Papilionoideae. The Amburaneae are a mostly Neotropical clade of leguminous plants primarily united by molecular data as well as the production of resins (Cardoso et al. 2013). <==Amburaneae CP13 |  i. s.: Mildbraediodendron CP13 |–Dussia CP13 |    |–D. lanata CP13 |    |–D. lehmannii CP13 |    `–D. macroprophyllata CP13 |–+–Cordyla africana CP13 |  `–Amburana… Continue reading Amburaneae