Blue underwing Catocala fraxini, copyright Harald Süpfle. Belongs within: Erebidae. Contains: Melipotini, Euclidiini, Ophiusini, Poaphilini. The Erebinae are a clade of noctuoid moths identified by molecular data, members of which have a smooth apex on the proboscis with all the styloconic sensilla placed dorsally. Females have the seventh sternite reduced and divided into two lobes… Continue reading Erebinae

Ophiusini Corrections

Earlier this year, I presented a post on the noctuoid moth tribe Ophiusini. As it turns out, that post includes some notable errors. One of the main sources I used, Zahiri et al. (2012), stated that Ophiusini “have a strongly modified apex to the proboscis, with strong and enlarged spines and erectile, reversed hooks that… Continue reading Ophiusini Corrections


Stathmopoda melanochra, copyright Donald Hobern. Belongs within: Gelechioidea. The Stathmopodinae are a group of usually very small moths that commonly rest with the hind wings raised (Nielsen & Common 1991). Characters (from Nielsen & Common 1991): Usually very small; head smooth-scaled; wings very narrow; fore wing lacking pterostigma, R2 well before upper angle of discal… Continue reading Stathmopodinae


Cocoa pod borer Acrocercops cramerella, from the Papua Insects Foundation. Belongs within: Ditrysia. The Gracillariidae are very small moths with long antennae and long fringes on the hind wings (Nielsen & Common 1991). Characters (from Nielsen & Common 1991): Very small, slender; head usually smooth scaled; ocelli and chaetosemata absent; antennae nearly as long as,… Continue reading Gracillariidae


Macadamia nut-borer Cryptophlebia ombrodelta, copyright Victor Fazio. Belongs within: Tortricidae. The Eucosmini are a group of tortricid moths characterised by male genitalia with a one‐branched protuberance on the valve, and reduced gnathos and uncus. <==Eucosmini NC91 |–Bathrotoma constrictana NC91 |–Crocidosema plebejana NC91 |–Epinotia NC91 |    |–E. aporema J-PWM04 |    `–E. lantana NC91 |–Eucosma KN03 |    |–E. coniogramma Clarke… Continue reading Eucosmini


Tea tortrix Homona coffearia, copyright Challiyil Eswaramangalath Pavithran Vipin. Belongs within: Tortricidae. The Archipini are a group of tortricid moths whose larvae feed between joined, living leaves (Nielsen & Common 1991). Many species have wings marked with a distinct basal and median fascia and a dark costal spot. <==Archipini NC91 |–Epiphyas postvittana NC91 |–Archips G05… Continue reading Archipini


Grizzled skipper Pyrgus malvae, copyright Gail Hampshire. Belongs within: Hesperiidae. The Pyrginae, flats, are a cosmopolitan group of relatively large, robust and fast-flying skippers whose larvae feed on a wide range of dicotyledonous plants (Braby 2000a). Characters (from Braby 2000a): Antenna more than half length of costa of fore wing; third segment of labial palp… Continue reading Pyrginae


Small tolype moth Tolype notialis, copyright Ken Childs.Belongs within: Obtectomera. Contains: Drepanidae, Noctuoidea, Geometroidea, Bombycoidea, Lasiocampinae. The Macroheterocera are a clade of mostly medium-sized to large moths united by molecular phylogenetic analysis (Kawahara et al. 2019). Many species in this clade possess sound-receptive tympanal organs, thought differences in location and structure imply non-homology. Drepanidae and… Continue reading Macroheterocera


Gold spot Plusia festucae, copyright Ilia Ustyantsev. Belongs within: Noctuidae. The Plusiinae are a cosmopolitan group of moths commonly bearing a pale, often metallic, marking at the centre of the fore wings. Characters (from Nielsen & Common 1991): Dorsal thoracic crest and dorsal abdominal tufts present, eyes lashed, fore wing often with silver markings (‘silver… Continue reading Plusiinae