Plantago

Greater plantainPlantago major, copyright Robert Flogaus-Faust. Belongs within: Plantaginaceae. Plantago, plantains, is a cosmopolitan genus of wind-pollinated herbs. Characters (from Hickman 1993): Annual or perennial. Stem decumbent to erect. Leaves simple with longitudinal ribs; stipules absent. Inflorescence a spike; flowers each subtended by a bract. Flowers generally bisexual; calyx deeply four-lobed; corolla radial, sometimes bilateral,… Continue reading Plantago

Veronica

Veronica aphylla, copyright Juan José Sánchez. Belongs within: Veroniceae. Contains: Veronica subgenus Pocilla, Veronica subgenus Pentasepalae, Veronica subgenus Stenocarpon, Hebe. Veronica, speedwells, is a diverse genus of flowering plants found primarily in temperate regions of the world. Synapomorphies (from Albach et al. 2004): Flowers subactinomorphic, with four calyx and four corolla lobes, short to absent… Continue reading Veronica

Gratioleae

Water mudwortLimosella aquatica, copyright Christian Fischer. Belongs within: Plantaginaceae. The Gratioleae are a primarily tropical and warm-temperate group of plants with opposite leaves, simply racemose inflorescences and flowers bearing two distinct, usually flattened stigmas. <==Gratioleae |–Herpestidineae OP01 |    |–Herpestis C55b |    |    |–H. micrantha C55a |    |    `–H. monnieria C55b |    `–Bacopa Aubl. 1775 OP01, SP56 |         |  i. s.: B. caroliniana… Continue reading Gratioleae

Euphrasia

Euphrasia officinalis spp. rostkoviana, from here. Belongs within: Scrophulariaceae. Euphrasia, eyebrights, is a cosmopolitan genus of semi-parasitic herbs. Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Herbs parasitic on roots of other plants, with opposite toothed leaves; flowers subsessile, solitary in axils of opposite leafy bracts, forming terminal spikes. Calyx four-lobed; corolla two lipped, the tube narrower,… Continue reading Euphrasia

Linaria

Purple toadflax Linaria purpurea, copyright Matt Lavin. Belongs within: Scrophulariaceae. Linaria, toadflaxes, is a primarily Eurasian genus of ascending to erect herbs with flowers borne in a terminal spike or raceme (Hickman 1993). Characters (from Hickman 1993): Annual to perennial, generally glabrous. Stem ascending to erect, simple or branched at base. Leaves generally opposite or… Continue reading Linaria

Parahebe

Parahebe catarractae, copyright Kurt Stüber. Belongs within: Veroniceae. Parahebe is a genus of mostly prostrate to decumbent subshrubs found in Australasia. They bear a laterally compressed, more or less two-lobed capsule with a septum across the narrowest diameter (Allan 1961). Characters (from Allan 1961): Prostrate to decumbent subshrubs with woody or semiwoody stems rooting in… Continue reading Parahebe

Jamesbrittenia

Jamesbrittenia, probably J. fimbriata, from kyffhauser.co.za. Belongs within: Scrophulariaceae. Jamesbrittenia is a primarily African genus of glandular herbs and shrubs. Characters (from Flora of Zimbabwe): Shrubs, suffrutices, perennial or annual herbs, glandular and often aromatic. Leaves opposite, often alternate above, sometimes ± fasciculate, simple or deeply divided. Inflorescence racemose with flowers solitary in axils. Calyx… Continue reading Jamesbrittenia

Myoporaceae

Eremophila maculata, copyright Consultaplantas. Belongs within: Scrophulariaceae. Contains: Eremophila section Platychilus. The Myoporaceae are a primarily Australasian group of shrubs and small trees, now recognised to be a phylogenetic subgroup of the family Scrophulariaceae. Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Shrubs or small trees with exstipulate, simple, usually alternate leaves; flowers axillary, solitary or clustered,… Continue reading Myoporaceae

Eremophila section Platychilus

Bignonia emu-bush Eremophila bignoniiflora, copyright Tatters. Belongs within: Myoporaceae. The section Platychilus of the genus Eremophila is a group of emu-bushes in which the segments of the calyx are basally imbricate and the lips of the corolla are clearly demarcated (Black & Robertson 1965). Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Calyx-segments imbricate at base; upper… Continue reading Eremophila section Platychilus

Petalidium

Petalidium rautanenii, copyright Erin Tripp. Belongs within: Acanthoideae. Petalidium, petal-bushes, is a genus of shrubs found in drier regions of Africa and India. Characters (from Flora of Tropical Africa): Small, shrubby. Leaves entire. Pedicels to flowers very short; inflorescence of contracted monopodial cymes, often reduced to single flowers, of which many branches are often sterile… Continue reading Petalidium