Talpini

European mole Talpa europaea, copyright Bas Kers.

Belongs within: Talpidae.

The Talpini are a Eurasian clade of subterranean moles characterised in which the humerus is specialised for a heavily fossorial lifestyle and the tympanic bone is expanded into a bulla (Van Valen 1967).

<==TalpiniV67
    |  i. s.: Geotrypus Pomel 1848 [incl. Protalpa Filhol 1877]V67
    |           |--G. acutidentatus (de Blainville 1840) [=Talpa acutidentata; incl. G. jungi Lavocat 1951]HO01
    |           |--G. antiquus (de Blainville 1840) (see below for synonymy)HO01
    |           |--G. ehrensteinensis Ziegler 1990HO01
    |           |--G. haramiensis Hoek Ostende 2001HO01
    |           |--G. kesekoeyensis Hoek Ostende 2001HO01
    |           |--G. montiasini Ziegler 1990HO01
    |           |--G. oschiriensis Rümke 1974HO01
    |           `--G. tomerdingensis (Tobien 1939) [=Talpa tomerdingensis]HO01
    |--Talpa Linnaeus 1758FS15, P04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |  i. s.: T. asiatica Linnaeus 1758L58
    |    |         T. fossilis Petényi 1864P04
    |    |         T. micuraM94
    |    |         T. minor Freudenberg 1914 [incl. T. csarnotana Kretzoi 1959]P04
    |    |         T. minutaA05
    |    |         T. streetiIT07
    |    |         T. tellurisA05
    |    |--T. altaicaFS15
    |    `--+--T. levantis Thomas 1906FS15, P04
    |       `--+--T. stankoviciFS15
    |          `--+--T. caucasicaFS15
    |             `--+--+--T. caecaFS15
    |                |  `--T. romanaFS15
    |                `--+--T. europaea Linnaeus 1758FS15, P04
    |                   `--+--T. davidianaFS15
    |                      `--T. occidentalisFS15
    `--+--Euroscaptor Miller 1940FS15, V67
       |    |--+--E. micruraFS15
       |    |  `--E. mizura (Günter 1880)FS15, I92
       |    |       |--E. m. mizuraI92
       |    |       `--E. m. ohtai (Imaizumi 1955)I92
       |    `--+--Scaptochirus Milne Edwards 1867FS15, V67 [incl. Chiroscaptor Heude 1898V67]
       |       |    `--S. moschatusFS15
       |       `--+--E. grandisFS15
       |          |--E. klossiFS15
       |          |--E. longirostrisFS15
       |          `--E. parvidensFS15
       `--+--Parascaptor Gill 1875FS15, V67
          |    `--P. leucuraFS15
          `--Mogera Pomel 1848FS15, V67
               |  i. s.: M. kobeaeIT07
               |         M. minorIT07
               |--M. uchidaiFS15
               `--+--M. insularisFS15
                  `--+--+--M. etigoFS15
                     |  `--M. tokudea Kuroda 1940FS15, I92
                     `--+--M. imaizumiiFS15
                        `--+--M. robustaFS15 [=Talpa robustaBP87]
                           `--M. wogura Temminck 1842FS15, M76 [=Talpa woguraBP87]

Geotrypus antiquus (de Blainville 1840) [=Talpa antiqua; incl. G. arambourgi Lavocat 1951, Protalpa cadurcensis Filhol 1877, G. cadurcensis]HO01

Talpa Linnaeus 1758FS15, P04 [incl. Asioscalops Stroganov 1941V67, Eoscalops Stroganov 1941V67, Heterotalpa Peters 1863V67, Talpops Gervais 1868V67]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A05] Ameghino, F. 1905. La perforation astragalienne sur quelques mammifères du Miocène moyen de France. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, serie 3, 6: 41–58.

[BP87] Burton, J. A., & B. Pearson. 1987. Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Collins: London.

[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[HO01] Hoek Ostende, L. W. van den. 2001. Insectivore faunas from the Lower Miocene of Anatolia—part 5: Talpidae. Zoologica Scripta 122: 1–45.

[IT07] Isaac, N. J. B., S. T. Turvey, B. Collen, C. Waterman & J. E. M. Baillie. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PloS One 2 (3): e296.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[M94] MacPhee, R. D. E. 1994. Morphology, adaptations, and relationships of Plesiorycteropus, and a diagnosis of a new order of eutherian mammals. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 220: 1–214.

[P04] Popov, V. V. 2004. Pliocene small mammals (Mammalia, Lipotyphla, Chiroptera, Lagomorpha, Rodentia) from Muselievo (north Bulgaria). Geodiversitas 26 (3): 403–491.

[V67] Van Valen, L. 1967. New Paleocene insectivores and insectivore classification. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 135 (5): 217–284.

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