Tapinoma

Ghost ants Tapinoma melanocephalum, copyright Kalesh Sadasivan.

Belongs within: Dolichoderinae.

Tapinoma is a cosmopolitan genus of very small, mostly arboreal ants. They are characterised by a petiole with a greatly reduced, more or less obsolete node, and a gaster with four visible tergites (Heterick 2009).

<==Tapinoma Förster 1850FT08 (see below for synonymy)
|--T. erraticum (Latreille 1798) [=Formica erratica, *T. collina Förster 1850]TB85
|--T. ambiguumH09
|--T. annandaleiH09
|--T. fragileH09
|--T. indicum Forel 1895 [=T. melanocephalum indicum]Z01
|--T. litoraleH09
|--T. melanocephalum (Fabricius 1793)FT08 (see below for synonymy)
|--T. minutum Mayr 1862FT08
| |--T. m. minutumTB85
| |--T. m. broomense Forel 1915 [=T. minutum broomensis]TB85
| |--T. m. cephalicum Santschi 1928 [=T. (Micromyrma) minutum cephalicum]TB85
| `--T. m. integrum Forel 1902TB85
|--T. nigerrimum (Nylander 1856)OM19
|--T. pallipesH09
|--T. pomoneH09
|--T. sessileH09
|--T. simrothi Krausse 1911OM19
|--T. subtileH09
|--T. trochis Wilson 1985P92
`--T. williamsiH09

Tapinoma Förster 1850FT08 [incl. Micromyrma Dufour 1857Z01, Neoclystopsenella Kurian 1955Z01, Tapinoptera Santschi 1925Z01, Zatapinoma Wheeler 1928Z01]

Tapinoma melanocephalum (Fabricius 1793)FT08 [=Formica melanocephalaZ01, Micromyrma melanocephalaZ01; incl. Tapinoma (Micromyrma) melanocephalum var. australis Santschi 1928Z01, T. (M.) melanocephalum var. australeZ01, Formica nana Jerdon 1851 non Latreille 1802Z01, Myrmica pellucida Smith 1858Z01]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[FT08] Framenau, V. W., & M. L. Thomas. 2008. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): identification and distribution. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 45–85.

[H09] Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76: 1–206.

[OM19] Oussalah, N., F. Marniche, X. Espadaler & M. Biche. 2019. Exotic ants from the Maghreb (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) with first report of the hairy alien ant Nylanderia jaegerskioeldi (Mayr) in Algeria. Arxius de Miscellània Zoològica 17: 45–58.

[P92] Poinar, G. O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford University Press: Stanford.

[TB85] Taylor, R. W., & D. R. Brown. 1985. Formicoidea. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 2. Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea pp. 1–149. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

[Z01] Zhou, S. 2001. Ants of Guangxi. Guangxi Normal University Press: Guilin (China).

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