Tellinoidea

 Abra nitida, from the National Museum of Wales.

Belongs within: Heterodonta.
Contains: Psammobia, Gari, Donax, Iphigenia, Galatea, Solecurtidae, Macoma, Semele, Tellina, Arcopagia, Angulus, Strigilla.

The Tellinoidea are a group of infaunal bivalves that first appeared in the Upper Triassic. With their elongate, mobile siphons, tellinoids tend to burrow relatively deep within the sediment, using the siphons to pick up food particles from the sediment surface. Within the Tellinoidea, the Tellinidae have more or less elongate shells with unequal valves and an external ligament. The Semelidae have shells that are generally well sculptured with a slight posterior flexure. The Psammobiidae have inequilateral shells, usually slightly gaping at the posterior end. Donacidae, wedge shells, have a heavy, often triangular shell and an extremely large, powerful foot for rapid digging (Beesley et al. 1998).

<==Tellinoidea [Tellinacea]
    |--Psammobiidae [Donacina, Garidae, Sanguinolariidae]TW07
    |    |  i. s.: PsammobiaH09
    |    |         Flavomala biradiataM54
    |    |         Adansonella duponti (Cossmann 1886)SB93
    |    |         HeterodonaxPMB15
    |    |           |--H. bimaculatus [incl. H. pacifica, Psammobia pacifica, Tellina versicolor Ad. ms, T. vicina]C64
    |    |           `--H. congesta (Conrad 1855) [=Tellina congesta]C64
    |    |         Ascitellina Marwick 1928P61
    |    |           |--*A. donaciformisP61
    |    |           `--A. urinatoria (Suter 1913)P61
    |    |         SanguinolariaH09
    |    |           |--S. (Psammotellina) ambigua (Reeve 1857)S-S90
    |    |           |--S. fuscaC64
    |    |           |--S. miniata [incl. S. ovalis Rve. 1847, S. purpurea, S. tellinoides]C64
    |    |           |--S. nuttallii [incl. Psammobia decora]C64
    |    |           |--S. tenuis (Deshayes 1855) [=Capsa tenuis]H09
    |    |           `--S. virescens (Deshayes 1855) [=Capsa virescens]H09
    |    |         Soletellina Blainville 1824P61
    |    |           |--*S. radiata (Linnaeus 1758)P61, L58 [=Solen radiatusP61]
    |    |           |--S. albaBRW98
    |    |           |--S. biradiata (Wood 1815)F26
    |    |           |--S. nitida (Gray 1843)P61
    |    |           |--S. rubra (Schroeter 1788)BD86 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |           |--S. siliqua Reeve 1857P61
    |    |           `--S. subradiata (Reeve 1857) [=Psammotella subradiata]BD86
    |    |         HeteroglyptaBRW98
    |    |         HiatulaBRW98
    |    |           |--H. compactaC64
    |    |           |--H. diphosF66
    |    |           |--H. incertaH86
    |    |           `--H. nuttalliC64
    |    |         Nuttallia nuttalliiBRW98
    |    |--GariTW07
    |    `--+--Asaphis Modeer 1793TW07, G79
    |       |    |--A. contraria (Deshayes 1863) [=Psammobia contraria]H09
    |       |    |--A. deflorata (Linnaeus 1758)H09 [=Venus deflorataH09; incl. A. rugosaG79]
    |       |    `--A. violascens (Forsskal 1775)TW07
    |       `--DonacidaeTW07
    |            |--DonaxL58
    |            |--Notodonax (Protodonax) minutissimus (Whitfield 1891)SB93
    |            |--IphigeniaPB27
    |            |--GalateaPB27
    |            `--Deltachion brazieriBRW98
    `--+--SolecurtidaeTW07
       `--+--+--MacomaTW07
          |  `--Semelidae [Scrobiculariidae]TW07
          |       |--SemeleBW09
          |       |--Scrobiculabra condamini (Morris 1854)SB93
          |       |--Ervilia Turton 1822JB12, G79 [Erviliinae]
          |       |    |--E. bisculpta Gould 1861H09
          |       |    `--E. nitensG79
          |       |--TheoraHJ08
          |       |    |--T. fragilis (Adams 1856) [=Neaera fragilis]H09
          |       |    `--T. lubrica Gould 1861HJ08
          |       |--ScrobiculariaH96
          |       |    |--S. altaC64
          |       |    |--S. cottardiPP64
          |       |    |--S. piperataPP64
          |       |    |--S. planaH96
          |       |    `--S. tenuisD56
          |       `--Leptomya Adams 1864P61
          |            |--*L. cochlearisP61
          |            |--L. gravida Hamley 1879MG-H11
          |            |--L. minutata Habe 1960XZ10
          |            |--L. psittacus Hanley 1883H09
          |            |--L. retiaria (Hutton 1885)P61 (see below for synonymy)
          |            |    |--L. r. retiariaP61
          |            |    `--L. r. aucklandica Powell 1955P61
          |            |--L. simplex Marwick 1926F26
          |            `--L. suteri (Smith 1898) [=Macoma suteri]F26
          `--+--AbraTW07
             |    |--A. alba (Wood 1802)TW07 [=Mactra albaJ64b, Scrobicularia albaJ64a; incl. Abra boysiiJ64a]
             |    |--A. longicallusPP64
             |    |--A. nitidaGO06
             |    |--A. ovataPP64
             |    |--A. prismaticaGW02
             |    |--A. profundorumTH77
             |    `--A. truncata Hedley 1906H09
             `--Tellinidae [Tellininae]TW07
                  |  i. s.: Eurytellina lineata (Turton 1819)PMB15
                  |         Elliptotellina urinatoriaF26, PG98
                  |         TellinaBW09
                  |         Palaeomoera inconspicua [=Psammobia inconspicua]F27
                  |         QuadransBW09
                  |           |--Q. gargadia (Linnaeus 1758)BW09
                  |           `--Q. parvitas (Iredale 1931)S-S90
                  |         PseudarcopagiaF27
                  |           |--*P. decussata (Lamarck 1818)F26 (see below for synonymy)
                  |           `--P. marshalli Finlay 1927 (see below for synonymy)F27
                  |         Barytellina Marwick 1924F26
                  |           |--*B. crassidens Marwick 1924F26
                  |           `--B. anomalodonta Finlay 1924F26
                  |         Zearcopagia Finlay 1927P61
                  |           |--*Z. disculus (Deshayes 1855)P61 (see below for synonymy)
                  |           `--Z. piratica (Hedley 1918) [=Pseudarcopagia piratica]F26
                  |         ExoticaBW09
                  |           |  i. s.: E. obliquaria (Deshayes 1854)BW09
                  |           |         E. rhomboides (Quoy & Gaimard 1833)BW09
                  |           |--E. (Exotica)S-S90
                  |           |    |--E. (E.) clathrata (Deshayes 1835)S-S90
                  |           |    `--E. (E.) triradiata (Adams 1870)K90
                  |           `--E. (Loxoglypta) obliquilineata (Conrad 1837)S-S90
                  |         Solyma Conrad 1870S98
                  |           |--*S. lineolatum Conrad 1870S98
                  |           |--S. flemingae Stilwell 1998S98
                  |           |--S. levis Stephenson 1923S98
                  |           `--S. stewarti Stephenson 1952S98
                  |         ArcopagiaJB12
                  |         MoerellaJB12
                  |           |--*M. donacina (Linnaeus 1758) [=Tellina donacina]S-S90
                  |           |--M. carpenteri [=Tellina (Moerella) carpenteri]B56
                  |           |--M. huttoniPG98
                  |           `--M. jedoensis (Lischke 1872)XZ10
                  |         LineariaSB93
                  |           |--L. subconcentricaSB93
                  |           `--L. subhercynica Maas 1895SB93
                  |         Maera salmonea Carpenter 1864C64
                  |         Oedalia Carpenter 1864C64
                  |           |--*O. (Oedalia) subdiaphana Carpenter 1864C64
                  |           `--O. (Cooperella Carpenter 1864)C64
                  |                `--O. (*C.) scintillaeformis Carpenter 1864C64
                  |         LutricolaC64
                  |           |--L. alta [=Tellina alta; incl. Scrobicularia biangulata, Arcopagia unda]C64
                  |           |--L. dombeyi [incl. Scrobicularia producta]C64
                  |           `--L. viridotinctaC64
                  |         CumingiaC64
                  |           |--C. adamsiiC64
                  |           |--C. californicaC64
                  |           |--C. coarctataC64
                  |           |--C. lamellosa Sowb. 1833M01
                  |           |--C. occatilla Melville 1901M01
                  |           |--C. tellenoidesT72
                  |           |--C. trigonularisC64
                  |           `--C. variaC64
                  |         Scissula similis (Sowerby 1806)PMB15
                  |         Macalia bruguieriBRW98
                  |         Florimetis obesaBRW98
                  |         Apolymetis (Leporimetis) spectabilis (Hanley 1844)S-S90
                  |--AngulusTW07
                  `--+--Tentidonax veruinus (Hedley 1913) [=Donax (Tentidonax) veruinus]TW07
                     `--StrigillaTW07

Leptomya retiaria (Hutton 1885)P61 [=Tellina retiariaF26; incl. T. lintea Hutton 1873 (preoc.)F26, T. perconfusa Iredale 1915F26]

*Pseudoarcopagia decussata (Lamarck 1818)F26 [=Tellina decussataF26, Semele decussataG79; incl. Amphidesma jayanumG79, Pseudoarcopagia victoriaeF26]

Pseudarcopagia marshalli Finlay 1927 [=Tellina (Arcopagia) inconspicua Marshall 1918 non T. inconspicua Broderip & Sowerby 1829]F27

Soletellina rubra (Schroeter 1788)BD86 [=Solen ruberBD86; incl. Solen roseus Gmelin 1791BD86, Solen (Sanguinularia) roseusG20, Soletellina roseaBD86, Psammotella rueppelliana Reeve 1857BD86, Soletellina rueppellianaBD86]

*Zearcopagia disculus (Deshayes 1855)P61 [=Tellina disculusP61, Arcopagia disculusF26, Pseudarcopagia disculusF26]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

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