Tenebrio

Yellow mealworm Tenebrio molitor, copyright Donald Hobern.

Belongs within: Tenebrionidae.

Tenebrio, mealworm beetles, is a genus of scavengers on fallen vegetation and organic detritus, with larvae of some species being pests of stored grains. Larvae of the yellow mealworm beetle T. molitor and dark mealworm beetle T. obscurus are also widely cultivated as a food source for pets.

Characters (from Matthews & Bouchard 2008): Elongate-oblong, parallel-sided, glabrous, piceous. Head in repose porrect. Elytra completely covering abdomen, with nine primary striae and scutellary striole. Wings without medial fleck. Mesocoxal cavities open. Abdomen with complete membranes visible between ventrites 3 to 5. Aedeagus with extensible median lobe connected to tegmen by spinose membrane

<==Tenebrio Linnaeus 1758 [incl. Menedrio Motschulsky 1872, Tenebrionellus Crotch 1873]AT02
|--*T. molitor Linnaeus 1758MB08
|--T. angulatus Linnaeus 1758L58
|--T. barbarus Linnaeus 1758L58
|--T. brevicollisC01
|--T. caeruleus Linnaeus 1758L58
|--T. cursor Linnaeus 1758L58
|--T. erraticus Linnaeus 1758L58
|--T. impressusB35
|--T. mauritanicus Linnaeus 1758L58
|--T. muricatus Linnaeus 1758L58
|--T. obscurus Fabricius 1793MB08
|--T. pedicularius Linnaeus 1758L58
`--T. subrugosusC01

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AT02] Aalbu, R. L., C. A. Triplehorn, J. M. Campbell, K. W. Brown, R. E. Somerby & D. B. Thomas. 2002. Tenebrionidae Latreille 1802. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 463–509. CRC Press.

[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d’Urville. Faune entomologique de l’océan Pacifique, avec l’illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[MB08] Matthews, E. G., & P. Bouchard. 2008. Tenebrionid Beetles of Australia: Descriptions of tribes, keys to genera, catalogue of species. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

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