Tephrosia

Wild indigo
Tephrosia purpurea, copyright J. M. Garg.

Belongs within: Millettieae.

Tephrosia is a pantropical genus of herbaceous legumes with silky stems and often leaves.

Characters (from Flora of China): Herbs, perennial or rarely annual, often suffrutescent, usually sericeous. Stipules caducous. Leaves imparipinnate; stipels absent; leaflet blades opposite, abaxially often sericeous, secondary veins to ca. 30 on each side of midvein and closely parallel, margin entire. Pseudoracemes terminal or axillary, sometimes opposite a leaf; bracts usually caducous. Bracteoles absent. Corolla white, cream-colored, or mauve, occasionally orange or red; standard reflexed, suborbicular, outside villous or sericeous. Stamens monadel­phous; vexillary stamen somewhat distinct from other 9. Ovary sessile, with trichomes, with numerous ovules. Legume flat, occa­sionally inflated, dehiscent, apex often beaked; valves twisted. Seeds 5-16 per legume, oblong, ellipsoid, or occasionally globose; radicle folded.

<==Tephrosia [Tephrosieae]
|–T. brachyodon LK14
|–T. candida G17
|–T. coriacea LK14
|–T. crocea LK14
|–T. flammea LK14
|    |–T. f. var. flammea LK14
|    `–T. f. var. monophylla LK14
|–T. griseola CV06
|–T. heckmanniana CP13
|–T. hookeriana Wight & Arn. 1834 P06
|–T. lasiochlaena LK14
|–T. laxa LK14
|    |–T. l. var. laxa LK14
|    `–T. l. var. angustata LK14
|–T. leptoclada LK14
|–T. leptostachya P06
|–T. oblongata LK14
|–T. pallida CV06
|–T. pentaphylla (Roxb.) Don in Sweet 1839 [=Galega pentaphylla Roxb. 1832] P06
|–T. phaeosperma LK14
|–T. piscatoria C55
|–T. procera LK14
|–T. pumila SR07
|–T. purpurea P06
|–T. remotiflora LK14
|–T. rosea LK14
|    |–T. r. var. rosea LK14
|    `–T. r. var. clementii LK14
|–T. simplicifolia LK14
|–T. spechtii LK14
|–T. stipuligera LK14
|–T. strigosa PP07
|–T. subpectinata LK14
|–T. talpa BTA75
|–T. uniflora PP07
|    |–T. u. ssp. uniflora PP07
|    `–T. u. ssp. petrosa PP07
|–T. valleculata LK14
`–T. virens LK14

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BTA75] Baker, E. W., D. M. Tuttle & M. J. Abbatiello. 1975. The false spider mites of northwestern and north central Mexico (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 194: 1–23.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CP13] Cardoso, D., R. T. Pennington, L. P. de Queiroz, J. S. Boatwright, B.-E. Van Wyk, M. F. Wojciechowski & M. Lavin. 2013. Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes. South African Journal of Botany 89: 58–75.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[G17] Girault, A. A. 1917. New Javanese Hymenoptera. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 59–71).

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[P06] Parmar, P. J. 2006. Additions to the flora of Gujarat from Mehsana and Kutch districts (N. Gujarat). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 48: 191–196.

[SR07] Sankar, R. V., K. Ravikumar, N. M. Ganesh Babu & D. K. Ved. 2007. Botany of Anapady MPCA, Palghat district, Kerala with special emphasis on species of conservation concern. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 165–172.

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